Sindh Class 9th English Notes Chapter 4 Pakistan and National Pride

Sindh Class 9th English Notes Chapter 4 Pakistan and National Pride 9th class English notes Sindh Textbook board Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview,

Reading Comprehension Exercise 2 Pakistan and National Pride

Read the text and find out the names of the students who collected information on the following topics.
a. Personality and achievements of the Quaid
b. Political acumen and contribution of Allama Iqbal
c. The Quaid’s aspirations for the Muslims
d. Allama Iqbal’s aspirations for the Muslims
e. Personality and achievements of Allama Iqbal
f. Quaid’s political acumen and contribution

Answer:
a. Tahira
b. Tahira
c. Huma
d. Tahira
e. Lubna
f. Farheen

Read more: 9th class English notes Sindh Ethics Character Building Chapter 1


Reading Comprehension Exercise 3

Guess the meanings of these words and then check the meanings given in the glossary.

1dynamic2steadfastness3guiding principle4unparalleled
5undesired6acumen7proponent8polarization
9aspirations10envisioned11pluralistic12discrimination
13prevailed14impartiality15transform16implementing
17versatile18accomplishments19culminating20recall
21victimization22distinction2homage24quest
WordsGuessed MeaningActual Meaning 
dynamicactivehaving a lot of energy
steadfastnessfirmnessfirmly staying on one path
guiding principlesrules made to guide someonerules that set the direction one takes
unparalleledunmatchedso great that there is nothing else like it
undesiredunwantedunacceptable
acumenawarenessthe ability to understand things quickly and clearly
proponentsupportera person who supports a cause
polarizationdivisionseparation into two opposite groups
aspirationsdesiresstrong desires
envisionedimagineimagined as a future possibility
pluralisticbeing pluraldifferent groups of people of people living together in peace
discriminationto be bias about something or someonedifferent treatment for different people
prevailedextensivewidespread
impartialityfairnessnot favouring anyone person
transformconvertchange into something else
implementingapplyputting into effect
versatilesomeone with many skills or abilitiesmoving easily from one subject
accomplishmentsachievementsachievements
culminatingclimaxresulting in achieving what is wanted
recallrememberremember
victimizationto become a victimunfair suffering
distinctioncontrastdifference
homagetributesomething said or done to show great respect
questsearchsearch

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Reading Comprehension Exercise 5

Tick the correct column for the statements given in the table.

No.StatementTrueFalse
1.Jinnah wanted Muslims to have more rights in Pakistan.Yes
2.Zoya and Amber offered to find information about Allama Iqbal.Yes
3.Quaid-e-Azam first joined the Congress and then the Muslim League.Yes
4. Both Quaid-e-Azam and Allama Iqbal were barristers.Yes
5.Allama Iqbal wrote two letters to Quaid in 1938.Yes
6.In his letters he said that Muslims should demand a separate state.Yes

Reading Comprehension Exercise 6

The following tables have quotes from the speeches of Quaid-e-Azam and Allama Iqbal. The first part of each quote is in table A and the second part in table B. Complete the quotes. Write the alphabet in the Answer Column in Table A.

Now find out who said these words. Write ‘Q’ for Quaid-e-Azam and ‘A’ for Allama Iqbal in the ‘Person’ column in Table B.

No.Quote Part 1Answer
1.You are free; you are free to go to your temples,d
2.To me he was a friend, guide and philosopher,f
3.The Muslim demand to create a Muslim India within Indiaa
4.At difficult moments in their history, it is Islame
5.My guiding principle will bec
6.I am sure that with your support and cooperation, I can look forwardg
7.We are all citizensb
No.Quote Part 2Person
a.is in no way without justice.A
b.and equal citizens of one State.Q
c.justice and complete impartiality.Q
d.you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this state of Pakistan.Q
e.that has saved Muslims and not Muslims that have saved Islam.A
f.and during the darkest moments through which the Muslim League had to go, he stood like a rock.Q
g.to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.Q

Reading Comprehension Exercise 7

Go back to exercise 6 and find out when and where these words spoken. After this write seven complete sentences.

Answer:
1. In August 1947, in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam said these words.
“You are free, you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place of worship in this state of Pakistan.”

2. On the death of Allama Iqbal, in 1938, the Quaid-e-Azam said these words to show his respect and praise for the great poet and leader of the Muslims of the sub-continent.
“To me he was a friend, guide and philosopher, and during the darkest moments through which the Muslim League had to go, he stood like a rock.”

3. In Allahabad’s address, delivered in 1930, Allama Iqbal said these words.
“The Muslim demand to create a Muslim India within India is in no way without justice.”

4. In Allahabad address, Allama Iqbal said these words.
“At difficult moments in their history, it is Islam that has saved Muslims and not Muslims that have saved Islam.”

5. On August 11, 1947, in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam said these words.
“My guiding principle will be justice and complete impartiality.”

6. On August 11, 1947, in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam said these words.
“I am sure that your support and cooperation, I can look forward to Pakistan becoming one of the greatest nations of the world.”

7. On August 11, 1947, in the Constituent Assembly of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam said these words.
“We are all citizens and equal citizens of one State.”


Language Practice Exercise 2

Complete the following news report using the correct form of the passive, using the verbs given in brackets.
The northern part of the country was hit (hit) by a massive earthquake this morning. The entire infrastructure _________ (damage) very badly. The roads _________ (break). The telephone lines _________ (destroy), and the mobile services _____________ (disrupt). The people _____________ (scare) as many aftershocks ____________ (expect). Food, water and medical aid __________ (rush) to the area. An appeal ___________ (make) by the government asking people not to panic. Work __________ (do) by the army to enable reaching aid to the remote areas. Funds ____________ (release)by the government to help people in this hour of grief.

Answer:
The northern part of the country was hit (hit) by a massive earthquake this morning. The entire infrastructure was damaged (damage) very badly. The roads were broken (break). The telephone lines were destroyed (destroy), and the mobile services were disrupted (disrupt). The people were scared (scare) as many aftershocks were expected (expect). Food, water and medical aid were rushed (rush) to the area. An appeal was made (make) by the government asking people not to panic. Work was done (do) by the army to enable reaching aid to the remote areas. Funds were released (release)by the government to help people in this hour of grief.


Language Practice Exercise 3

Read the following story. Complete Samina’s report to the police, using the passive form. Use the verbs from the story. Write the complete report. 
Samina hired a new servant. She asked her to submit a copy of her identity card. The servant gave her a copy. She gave her someone else’s card. Unfortunately, Samina did not check all the details.
After a few days, the servant asked for a loan. Samina refused to give her a loan. The following week, the servant told her a sad story and again asked for some money. She told the servant not to come to work the next day. When Samina went to her room, after a couple of hours, she found it in a mess, with all her things on the floor. The servant had emptied her cupboard. She had taken away all the money and the jewelry.

Answer:
This is what Samina said to the police when they asked her for details:
A new servant was hired by me. She was asked to submit a copy of her identity card. A copy was given by her. I was given someone else’s card. Unfortunately, the details were not checked by me.
After a few days, I was asked by the servant for a loan. The loan was refused by me. The following week, I was told a sad story by the servant and again I was asked for some money. The servant was told not to come to work from the next day. When I went to my room, after a couple of hours, it was in a mess, with all the things on the floor. The cupboard was emptied by her. All the money and the jewelry had been taken away by her.


Writing Exercise 1

Discuss the possible meanings of these words and check these words in the glossary.
longing                  supplication                 sparkling                 attain
elegance              moth                                 supportive              suffering

WordsGuessed MeaningActual Meaning from Glossary
longingstrong feeling of needdeep felt wish
supplicationdua, urgehumble request
sparklingshining, glitteringshining
attainachievesucceed in getting
elegancegraceattractiveness
mothan insect just like butterflya flying insect that is attracted to light
supportivecooperativegiving help
sufferingpainpeople having physical or mental pain

Writing Exercise 2

Paraphrase each couplet of the following famous poem of Allama Iqbal.
1. Oh Allah! I pray that my life should be like a candle.
2. Through my light should the world’s darkness _________ and __________ sparkle with my light.
3. Through me, my _________ just like a ___________.
4. I pray that just like ___________.
5. I pray that _________ and _____________.
6. O God! ____________ and _______________.

Answer:
1. Oh Allah! I pray that my life should be like a candle.
2. Through my light should the world’s darkness disappear and every place sparkle with my light.
3. Through me, my homeland attains elegance just like a garden full of flowers.
4. I pray that just like a moth, I love the lamp of knowledge and spread it with full zeal and zest.
5. I pray that my life becomes supportive to the poor and the destitute.
6. O God! Protect me from the evil ways and show me the path that leads to the good ways.


Writing Exercise 3

Write the paraphrased poem in the form of a paragraph.

Answer:
Oh Allah! I pray that my life should be like a candle. Through my light should the world’s darkness disappear and every place sparkle with my light. Through me, my homeland attains elegance just like a garden full of flowers. I pray that just like a moth, I love the lamp of knowledge and spread it with full zeal and zest. I pray that my life becomes supportive to the poor and the destitute. O God! Protect me from the evil ways and show me the path that leads to the good ways.


Writing Exercise 4

Write a letter to your principal requesting him/her to allow your class to visit the Karachi Museum.

Answer:
Letter to Principal

The Principal
ABC School
Karachi

Respected Sir,
                As a representative of class IX, I am writing to you about what I believe to be a great learning opportunity for all the students. Karachi Museum is one of the greatest sight-seeing of the city. An Exhibition and Book Fair are going to be held at the Museum by the end of this month regarding the historical importance of the collection being displayed at the museum. Many of our class fellows are interested in the subject of History and Cultural Studies, and we all are deeply interested in learning more about the treasure of our past. If we will visit the National Museum, Karachi, this will give us a chance to see a wonderful collection of 58,000 old coins (some dating from 74 Al-Hijra), and hundreds of well-preserved sculptures. The Museum has 70,000 publications, books and other reading material of the Archeology and Museums Department that were also shifted to the National Museum so that general public could see them. Seeing all the historical treasures together, it will be a brilliant learning experience for the whole class.
           I will highly appreciate if you will support our interest my allowing our class teacher to organize a class-wide visit to the National Museum, Karachi. I am certain that this will be a rich educational experience for all of us, should you lend us your patronage. I hope your answer will be positive.

Sincerely,
(Signature)
X.Y.Z.
Student Class IX -A

Read more: Sindh Class 9th English Notes Chapter 3 Education and Careers


Study Skills Exercise 1

Choose the correct answer according to the story.
1. Circle the characters of the story.
hare tortoise fox dove stork
2. What was the relationship between the characters? Circle the correct answer.
relatives friends neighbours siblings
3. Who served in the following utensils? Write the names of the characters.

4. Tick the choices that the stork had according to the author.
a) The stork could have invited other animals and served all of them in jugs.
b) The stork could have served in a container suitable for the fox.
c) The stork could have invited other animals too and served them all in containers suitable for each of them.
d) The stork could have served in a bottle that had a broad base.

1. fox and stork
2. friends
3. dish – fox, utensil – stork
4. 
b) The stork could have served in a container suitable for the fox.
c) The stork could have invited other animals too and served them all in containers suitable for each of them.


Study Skills Exercise 2

Fill in the required information.

Answer:
Fox
Famous for: being cunning
Invited: Stork
Meal: for dinner
Served what: soup Served In: a dish
Result: The stork was unable to have soup due to his long beak as the soup was thinly spread out in the dish.

Stork:
Famous for: being kind and gentle
Invited: Fox
Meal: for dinner
Served what: fish Served In: a narrow vase
Result: The fox was unable to have fish as it was at the bottom of the narrow vase and he could not reach it.


Study Skills Exercise 3

Write the following incomplete sentences.
1. The stork followed the rule of ______________.
2. God tells us to ____________.
3. The key message of the article is ______________.

Answer:
1. The stork followed the rule of tit for tat.
2. 
God tells us to replace the bad with the good.
3. 
The key message of the article is we should stop following the tit for tat rule.

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