Sindh Class 9th English Notes Chapter 2 Role Model

Sindh Class 9th English Notes Chapter 2 Role Model 9th class English notes Sindh Textbook board Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview,

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Reading Comprehension Exercise 1 Role Model

Q. a) How many aspects of Shah  Abdul Latif’s life have been covered in the text?

Answer:
Total seven aspects of Shah Abdul Latif’s life have been covered in the text.

Q. b) List all these aspects as shown below.
The first aspect is about his Background and Family.
The second aspect …………..
The third…………..

Answer:
The first aspect is about his Background and Family.
The second aspect is about The name Bhitai.
The third aspect is about his Early Life and Education.
The fourth aspect is about his Youth.
The fifth aspect is about his Spiritual Growth.
The sixth aspect is about his Death and Remembrance.
The seventh aspect is about Shah Latif’s Poetry.


Reading Comprehension Exercise 4

The reading text has seven aspects that relate to Shah Latif.
The following sentences state one key point covered under each aspect. However, these sentences are in a jumbled up order. Read the text and write the aspect number in the blanks provided.

Answer:
a) He found pleasure in praying, thinking and devotion.                                     5
b) He was married for a short period of time only.                                               4
c) Shah Latif’s forefather migrated to Sindh from Afghanistan.                          1
d) A shrine was built over his grave sometime after his death.                           6
e) His poetry is mainly about Sindh but off places are also mentioned.              7
f) He loved studying and had a command over other languages.                         3
g) He is called Bhitai because he spent a good past of his life on a mound.        2


Reading Comprehension Exercise 5

Q.1) Two things done at the time of ‘Urs’, as mentioned in the text.

Answer:
At the time of Urs, the devotees that are thousand in number gather and listen to the saint’s songs sung on the ‘Tambooro’ and many learned men read papers about  Latif’s life and his poetry.

Q.2) Two possible reasons why his ancestors migrated to Sindh.

Answer:
His ancestors migrated to Sindh as it was a centre of Muslim culture at that time and they liked it so much. Also, they migrated to Sindh in order to gain spiritual contact with Bilawal.  

Q.3) Two other languages that he knew quite well.

Answer:
1. Arabic
2. Persian

Q.4) Two main religious sources that he had knowledge about.

Answer:
1. The Holy Quran
2. The Hadiths

Q.5) Two poets whose works were a part of his poetry.

Answer:
1. Moulana Jalaluddin Rumi
2. Shah Karim

Q.6) Two skills for which he is known.

Answer:
He is known for his spiritual and mystic poetry that carries a message of love. Apart from this, his gentle, sensitive and kind soul become a reason for his popularity among the masses.

Q.7) Two places in Afghanistan mentioned in his poetry.

Answer:
1. Kabul
2. Kandahar

Q.8) Two places in India mentioned in his poetry.

Answer:
1. Delhi
2. Deccan

Q.9) Two languages mentioned in which the ‘Risalo’ has been translated.

Answer:
1. Urdu
2. English


Reading Comprehension Exercise 6

Q. a) How was information about Shah Latif’s early life collected? Why was it collected in this manner?

Answer:
The information about Shah Latif’s early life was collected from oral traditions. Much of the details had been collected from old people living at that time. These people were the ones who heard these facts from their fathers and grandfathers, some of whom had seen Shah Latif in person and had even spoken to him. It was collected in this manner because nothing was available about his early life in written or textual form.

Q. b) Why is Shah Latif called ‘the Saint of Bhit?’

Answer:
Shah Latif left his home in 1742 and started living on a mound at some distance from the village. In Sindhi, mound of sand is called ‘Bhit.’ Shah Latif spend the rest of his life on a mound, this was the reason that Shah Latif came to be known as ‘the Saint of Bhit.’

Q. c) Why did Shah Latif not marry again after his wife died?

Answer:
Shah Latif did not marry after the death of his wife as his heart turned more and more towards religion and devotion. Due to that, he felt restless and found it really difficult to live a normal domestic life.

Q. d) Why did people become Shah  Latif’s followers?

Answer:
Shah Latif spent most of his time in prayers and deep thinking. His spiritual power grew stronger with prayers and devotion. Due to that, people began to be attracted towards him. People who came to him were greatly impressed by his gentle ways, thus turning them into his followers and they increased day and day.

Q. e) What do Shah  Latif’s poetry and work tell us about his knowledge and skills?

Answer:
Shah Latif has written poetry in Arabic and Persian as well, this shows that he has complete command over these languages. Various references in Shah Jo Risalo indicate that he has in-depth knowledge of the Holy Quran and the Hadiths. His poetic collections also included Masnavi of Moulana Jalaluddin Rumi and Shah Karim’s poems.

Q. f) Name the places in the text mentioned in Shah Latif’s poetry. Why do you think these places have been mentioned  by him?

Answer:
The places that are mentioned in Shah Latif’s poetry are: Istanbul, China, Samarqand, Malabar Coast, Sri Lanka and the island of Java, Rome, Kabul and Kandahar, Delhi, and Deccan. Shah Latif has mentioned these places in his poetry to give an insight into the life and culture of these distant cities.

Q. g) Why is Shah Latif’s key message in his verses acceptable to everyone?

Answer:
Shah Latif’s poetic verses carries message of love, which makes it universal and this is the reason that his verses are acceptable to everyone.

Q. h) Can we put his message into practice in today’s world. If ‘Yes’ how, if ‘No’ why not?

Answer:
Yes, we can put his message into practice in today’s world because it carries the message of love that is a universal concept. 

Read more: 9th class English notes Sindh Ethics Character Building Chapter 1


Language Practice Exercise 3

Add at least 10 lines in both dialogue A and B.
Dialogue A: Using can/could for ability
Zahra         Can you speak Chinese, Najma?
Najma       No, but I can speak Persian.
Zahra        Wow! What about you Farah?
Farah         I can’t …….. but I can …………

Dialogue B: Using can/could/may for permission
Areeb       I have completed my work. Can I play now?
Mother   Yes, you can, but come back soon.
Areeb       May I take my new ………..?
Mother     …………
Bilal            ……….


Answer:
Dialogue A: Using can/could for ability

Zahra Can you speak Chinese, Najma?
Najma No, but I can speak Persian.
Zahra Wow! What about you Farah?
Farah I can’t speak Persian but I can speak Balochi very well.
Zahra Oh really! Can you stitch clothes Farah?
Farah No, dear. I can’t stitch clothes but can do wonderful embroidery on clothes and shawls. Can you stitch clothes?
Zahra I could stitch clothes two years back but now I can’t.
Najma But why you can’t stitch clothes now?
Zahra I can’t because I have eyesight problem, dear.
Farah Oh! I see. What about swimming? Can you swim?
Zahra Yes, I can swim even in deep water swimming pool. What about you?
Farah It’s great! I can’t swim dear as I am suffering from hydrophobia.
Najma Same is the problem with me, I too can’t swim.


Dialogue B: Using can/could/may for permission
Areeb I have completed my work. Can I play now?
Mother Yes, you can, but come back soon.
Areeb May I take my new bat?
Mother Yes, you can.
Bilal May I also go with Areeb?
Mother You can’t as you have not completed your homework.
Areeb Mother, if he completes his task in 20 minutes, then can he join me?
Mother Yes, he can play with you as well.
Bilal Can you please help me in my homework, Areeb?
Areeb Yes, I can.
Mother You can help him Areeb, but first let him solve the math problems himself.
Areeb (After completing his homework in 20 minutes) May I join Bilal and go to the playground now?
Mother Yes, you may go Areeb.


Writing Exercise 1

Q. a) Why was the twins’ father worried?

Answer:
The twins’ father was worried because Tanveer did things without thinking.

Q. b) What did he decide to do?

Answer:
He decided to teach Tanveer the importance of thinking before doing anything by setting up a competition between the twins. So, he called Junaid and Tanveer and told them that he would be going to buy the bicycle and the one who would win the competition would get the  bicycle.

Q. c) Who won the competition? Why did he win?

Answer:
Junaid won the competition because he walked until midday and turn around to return to home as their father told them that they had to walk a distance as much as possible and return by sunset. So, Junaid covered as much distance as he could and returned home by sunset.

Q. d) Who lost the competition? Why did he lose?

Answer:
Tanveer lost the competition because he ran far ahead, to the end of the town and further, when he was sure that he had covered enough distance and Junaid would not be able to catch up with him, he decided to turn around to return home. As he had covered a great distance so he felt tired and thus took much time to return home. Therefore, he reached home, long after sunset and found Junaid already present there.

Q. e) What lesson do you think Tanveer learnt?

Answer:
I think Tanveer would have learnt the lesson that one should think before doing anything and must understand and follow the instructions for completing any task in time.


Writing Exercise 2

Imagine that you are Tanveer’s teacher. You wanted him to win but he was not successful. What do you think he should do/not to do? Write a narrative account.

Answer:
If I would be Tanveer’s teacher, I would set a competition for him to change his attitude and behaviour towards life and importance of thinking before doing anything.

It was the last period on the first day of the week, Monday, when I told the class that they would be having an essay writing competition. All the students cheered together as they knew it very well that whenever I held any competition, there would be a prize for that, too. I told them that the one who would write a lengthy, descriptive essay, would win a prize of a wonderful book. But it should be written in less time. I began the competition and gave them 30 minutes to complete the task. I knew that Tanveer was very good at writing essays but he usually took more time in task completion. At that competition, I wanted Tanveer to win so I motivated him at my best. The competition began, everyone started writing the essay. Tanveer also started, in order to write a lengthy essay, he just focused on length, again forgetting about time. Therefore, he lost the competition. I was quite disappointed to see him losing the competition.

At the end, I concluded that as it is a bare fact that Allah Almighty has created every individual with strengths and weaknesses. In my point of view, if Tanveer had the problem of not completing the task in time, he had other strengths or abilities as well. Therefore, one should neglect this weakness of Tanveer and focus more on his abilities. One should try to appreciate and motivate a person on the basis of his abilities rather than criticizing him on his weaknesses.   


Writing Exercise 5

Write a summary of the passage given in the textbook regarding Moen-jo-Daro.

Answer:
Summary:
Moen-jo-Daro, in Sindh, was one of the largest cities of the Indus Valley Civilization. This civilization developed around 3000 BC, in areas that today form Pakistan and North India. Moen-jo-Daro, one of the oldest cities in the world was built around 2600 BC. Since 1922, people didn’t know much about Moen-jo-Daro. It all started when villagers found old pots and bricks from the place where once the city stood. When Sir John Marshall, had a look at the old pots and bricks, he took the decision to dug up the area to find more about the remains of the old forgotten city. During the digging process, people were shocked to witness that the city had straight roads and well-built houses of large baked bricks. Each house had a bathroom and a servant quarter as well.

The streets made of baked bricks had covered drains. There they found a wide road in the middle on both of which there once stood the shops. The remains of the city reflect that the people of that time were great traders and skilled craftsmen as they made wonderful things by using gold, silver, and ivory. It seemed that the land was fertile, as wheat, rice, and cotton were grown there and cattle were kept by the farmers too. For playing, children had clay dolls and carts. The people of that time lived a contented life, they were wealthy people and traveled far and wide for business or leisure seeking activities. The whole city was clean and designed skillfully. The streets had a proper drainage system for rainwater. Nobody knows well about what had happened to them, there is the possibility that they were raided from the north or they were vanished by some strong earthquake.


Study Skills Exercise

You are the editor of your school magazine. Edit the following passage for the school magazine.

Students have mainly three basic duties. They must obey their parents, teachers, and elders. Students must help their parents with simple home chores. they must not become unresponsive to parents or teachers.

Students must follow the standard discipline. They must establish a routine with studying. They learn and practice good manners and habits. They must focus on their studies. Regular reading should be a part of their daily routine and this reading habit makes them more intelligent and knowledgeable and moreover, it also improves their overall language skills and vocabulary. Besides study, they must exercise daily. They avoid watching too much TV. They must be polite and respectful towards everyone. They must eat healthy food and avoid eating good that is unhealthy.

Answer:
Students have mainly three basic duties. They must obey their parents, teachers, and elders. Students must help their parents with simple home chores. They must not become unresponsive to parents or teachers.

Students must follow the standard discipline. They must establish a routine for studying. They must learn and practice good manners and habits. They must focus on their studies. Regular reading should be a part of their daily routine. This reading habit makes them more intelligent and knowledgeable and moreover, it also improves their overall language skills and vocabulary. Besides study, they must exercise daily. They must avoid watching TV too much. They must be polite and respectful towards everyone. They must eat healthy food and avoid eating food that is unhealthy.