Guess all the meanings and check out your answers from the glossary. 1. The word shabby means _________________. 2. the word collapsed means ________________. 3. the word reluctantly means __________________. 4. The word preoccupied means ________________. 5. The word obligatory means ________________. 6. The word siblings means ______________. 7. The word realize means _______________. 8. The word weathered means _________________. 9. The word impressive means ______________. 10. The word backdrop means _________________. 11. The word hosted means _______________. 12. The word borne means ________________.
Meaning from the Glossary
in bad condition
in poor condition through much use or being badly cared for
to sit or lie down and relax, especially after working hard, etc.
in deep thought
not paying attention because thinking or worrying about something about
brothers and sisters
brothers and sisters
to make one’s dreams, ideas, plans, etc. happen
affected by exposure
brown, rough and lined or damaged skin because one has spent a lot of time outside in the sun and wind
in the background
to host something
organized an event
put up with
Reading Comprehension Exercise 4
Fill the blanks in the following exercise with the words given below. shabby collapsed reluctantly preoccupied obligatory siblings realize weathered impressive backdrop hosted borne
The old woman reluctantly got up from her bed. She had ________ many difficulties but now her __________ hands could not lift heavy things. She got up and looked out of the window. As she looked, a smile came to her lips when she saw the big, __________, beautiful lawn, with plants and creepers, and mango trees serving as a ___________.
She _______ on her bed once again and became ________ with her thoughts. She thought of her _______, old house, her five ___________ and how they always used to offer their _________ prayers. She also recalled how her mother always __________ meetings for the village women to teach them various skills. She thought about how she always dreamed of owing a big house with a big garden. Thinking of those times and the life she had now, she thanked God for making it possible for her to _______ her dreams.
Answer: The old woman reluctantly got up from her bed. She had borne many difficulties but now her weathered hands could not lift heavy things. She got up and looked out of the window. As she looked, a smile came to her lips when she saw the big, impressive, beautiful lawn, with plants and creepers, and mango trees serving as a backdrop.
She collapsed on her bed once again and became preoccupied with her thoughts. She thought of her shabby, old house, her five siblings, and how they always used to offer their obligatory prayers. She also recalled how her mother always hosted meetings for the village women to teach them various skills. She thought about how she always dreamed of owning a big house with a big garden. Thinking of those times and the life she had now, she thanked God for making it possible for her to realize her dreams.
Reading Comprehension Exercise 5
Write short answers to the following questions.
Q.1) What was Jameel’s father doing when he came home?
Answer: When Jameel came home, his father was having a cup of tea.
Q.2) Where did the family have dinner?
Answer: The family had dinner in the middle of the yard.
Q.3) Where did Jameel and Sara go to study?
Answer: Jameel and Sara went to the city to study medical in the college there.
Q.4) Why did they build the hospital?
Answer: They built a hospital in their village.
Q.5) How many children did Sara have?
Answer: Sara had two children.
Q.6) Which vehicle did they travel in?
Answer: They travelled in a small jeep, driven by Jameel.
Reading Comprehension Exercise 6
Answer the following questions.
Q.1) Why do you think nobody spoke while eating dinner?
Answer: While eating dinner nobody spoke because they noticed that Jameel was upset. They cast sidelong looks at him but nobody said anything.
Q.2) Why was Jameel upset?
Answer: Though Jameel achieved a good grade in his examination, he was quite upset. The reason was that he was worried about his future and career. They lived in the village and there was not a single college where he would study medical as he had a dream to become a doctor and open a hospital there to serve his villagers.
Q.3) Why do you think Sara tried to hide her feelings?
Answer: Sara tried to hide her feelings from her father as she didn’t want to hurt her father as being a disobedient daughter. So, she quickly wiped the tear that appeared in her eyes when her father refused to send her to the city to pursue education in the field of medical.
Q.4) Both Sara and Jameel had to pass every test in the first go. Why was it so?
Answer: Both Sara and Jameel had to pass every test in the first go as they were well aware of the fact that their family was bearing their educational expenses by passing through hard times. They had to work really hard to pass all the tests because they could not afford to fail in any subject.
Q.5) How did Sara and Jameel, and their family, manage the expenses for their studies?
Answer: In order to meet their educational expenses, both Sara and Jameel started giving tuitions to the children in the neighbourhood. Their parents never let them know the problems they faced during their studies. In the fourth year, father and Khalid had to sell a big piece of fertile land to pay their college fee. The whole family bore the hardships as they wanted their children to realize their dreams.
Q.6) How did life change for Jameel’s family and the villagers?
Answer: After completing their studies, when Sara and Jameel became doctors, they returned to their village to serve their fellow men. Jameel opened up an impressive hospital in the village that stood against the backdrop of lush green fields. The villagers were fortunate enough to have wonderful heath facilities at their village just due to the tiresome efforts of Jameel, Sara and their family. The village women got guidance from Sara regarding their personal and family health and hygiene. Due to that, Jameel’s family had a nice living as well. Jameel owned a small jeep and their living standards changed too in a much positive way.
Q.7) How was Sara educating the village women?
Answer: Though Sara had her household responsibilities of upbringing two children, she really worked hard with sincerity to educate the village women. She had hosted a successful seminar for the village women and provided guidance to them so they would be able to improve their personal and family health and hygiene.
Q.8) What lessons do we get from the story?
Answer: We get a very good message from the story that if we really want to realize our dreams, we have to work hard with honesty and sincerity. Apart from one’s own efforts, family support is of utmost importance in achieving one’s goal in life.
Reading Comprehension Exercise 7
Think of what you want to become when you grow up. Develop a plan for realizing your dream by answering the following questions.
Q.1) Why do you want to become this?
Answer: I am going to be a teacher one day. The reason is that my father is an efficient teacher, and he has inspired me to choose the profession of teaching as a career. Being a teacher, I feel I can serve this society and the country in the best possible way. Apart from this, I want to educate the village children or those living in slum areas of my city.
Q.2) What will you have to do to realize your dream?
Answer: At the first place, I have to complete my education till higher classes. I must select any one subject, say Urdu or English to do Masters in that to become expert in such subjects by knowing and understanding all the aspects of these languages.
Q.3) What are some of the factors that can help you in achieving your aim?
Answer: I think, family support is the biggest factor that would really play its role in achieving my goal. I am fortunate enough to have a supportive parents who always stand by my side under all the circumstances. My father is the biggest support to me as he himself knows very well the importance of being a teacher.
Q.4) What are the some of the problems that might come in your way?
Answer: Being a resident of a small town, I would be facing the problem of attending college for higher studies. For that, I definitely have to move to the city to pursue my studies and achieve my dream. I also have to bear the pain of living away from my loving family. Further, while living in a hostel, I have to take care of all my chores by myself such as shopping, laundry, etc.
Q.5) How will you overcome those problems?
Answer: To overcome such difficulties, first I have to counsel myself and become strong. I have to tell myself that nothing is a piece of cake in this world. One has to bear hardships, to cherish the flavour of his/her dream. Secondly, there might be the possibility that my parents too will move to the city, so I will not have to live in a hostel.
Language Practice Exercise 1
Below is list of sentences. Against each one write what type of sentence it is ‘declarative affirmative’ or ‘interrogative negative.’ 1. Sabiha is shivering. 2. Are we going to the football field? 3. The stranger was not calling from the hospital. 4. Will you come in my house tomorrow to study? 5. I like to play cricket. 6. Isn’t this your book? 7. Aren’t you the girl who won the gold medal? 8. Juman doesn’t like to play hockey.
Change all the affirmative sentences in exercise 1 into negative and all the negative ones into affirmative. 1. Sabiha is shivering. 2. Are we going to the football field? 3. The stranger was not calling from the hospital. 4. Will you come in my house tomorrow to study? 5. I like to play cricket. 6. Isn’t this your book? 7. Aren’t you the girl who won the gold medal? 8. Juman doesn’t like to play hockey.
Answer: 1. Sabiha is not shivering. 2. Aren’t we going to the football field? 3. The stranger was calling from the hospital. 4. Won’t you come in my house tomorrow to study? 5. I do not like to play cricket. 6. Is this your book? 7. Are you the girl who won the gold medal? 8. Juman likes to play hockey.
Language Practice Exercise 5
Fill in the blanks with the correct articles, where necessary. There are five extra blanks, where an article is not needed. In _______ poor zoo of Pakistan, _____ lion was very sad as he was given only one kg of meat ____ day. _____ lion thought he was _______ luckiest lion on earth when one day ____ manager of ___ Dubai Zoo visited _______ zoo where ______ lion was and requested ______ zoo management to shift ______ lion to _____ Dubai Zoo. _____ lion was very happy and started _____ thinking of having ____ air conditioned cage and _____ goat to eat every day.
On its first day, after arrival, _____ lion was offered ____ big bag, sealed very nicely, for breakfast. ____ lion opened it quickly but was shocked to see that ____ bag contained ___ few bananas only. ____ lion thought that since he had recently come from Pakistan, may be ____ zoo management were worried about upsetting his _____ stomach so they had given him ______ bananas.
_____ next day _____ same thing happened. On ___ third day again when _____ same food bag of bananas was given to him ____ lion stopped ____ delivery boy and shouted at him, “Don’t you know I am ____ lion, _____ king of _____ jungle? What’s wrong with _____ management of this zoo? What _____ nonsense is this? Why are you delivering bananas to me?”
____ delivery boy politely said, ;Sir, I know you are ____ king of ____ jungle. But …, you have been brought here on ____ monkey’s visa!!!’
_____ moral of _____ story is, better to be ____ lion in your own ____ country than ___ monkey elsewhere.
Answer: In a poor zoo of Pakistan, a lion was very sad as he was given only one kg of meat a day. The lion thought he was the luckiest lion on earth when one day the manager of the Dubai Zoo visited the zoo where the lion was and requested the zoo management to shift the lion to the Dubai Zoo. The lion was very happy and started _____ thinking of having ____ air-conditioned cage and a goat to eat every day.
On its first day, after arrival, the lion was offered a big bag, sealed very nicely, for breakfast. The lion opened it quickly but was shocked to see that the bag contained a few bananas only. The lion thought that since he had recently come from Pakistan, may be the zoo management was worried about upsetting his _____ stomach so they had given him the bananas.
The next day the same thing happened. On the third day again when thesame food bag of bananas was given to him the lion stopped the delivery boy and shouted at him, “Don’t you know I am a lion, the king of the jungle? What’s wrong with the management of this zoo? What ____ nonsense is this? Why are you delivering bananas to me?”
The delivery boy politely said, ‘Sir, I know you are the king of the jungle. But …, you have been brought here on a monkey’s visa!!!’
The moral of the story is, better to be a lion in your own ____ country than a monkey elsewhere.
Writing Exercise 2
Write an informal email to a friend/class fellow asking/requesting for something that you need.
Answer: To: firstname.lastname@example.org Cc: Subject: lending books
Dear Saima, I want to make a request to you for lending me some books you have on General Knowledge. I remembered once you told me that you have a good collection of such books. Actually my father is insisting me to appear in a national quiz competition that will be held in September. As it will be based on general knowledge and current affairs so I really need good books that cover such vast areas. I know this generous act of yours would definitely help me in preparing well for the quiz. I assure you to return the books in the same condition as you would lend me and take good care of them.
Writing Exercise 4
Write a compare and contrast essay on any one of the following topics: Summer and Winter Pet and wild animals City and village life Good neighbours and bad neighbours
Answer: Summer and Winter Allah Almighty has blessed mankind with four different seasons that have their own charm and beauty to offer not only to humans but to other creatures as well. People’s activities, moods and habits are largely dependent on seasons and same happens with animals and birds too. There are a few ways how different seasons affect people’s daily routine in terms of their food, clothes and activities.
Summer usually starts from the month of May and ends in September. The weather in this season is defined with scorching sun, hot winds, dryness of land, etc. In summer, the nights are short and days are long. Due to this fact, people have plenty of time to perform various activities in day-time. In this season, people wear light and causal clothes, like jeans, t-shirts, shorts, dress and sleeveless tops, etc. to feel cool and comfortable. Light food items are usually taken by the people along with cold drinks, shakes, ice cream, sodas and much more. People, especially children love to play outdoor games and sports in summer season, for instance, cricket, football, badminton, hide ad seek, etc. Parks and other amusement places usually feel the warmth and witness the hustle bustle of people in the evenings and nights. With respect to shopping and other such activities, people prefer to visit shopping malls in the night to keep themselves safe from the scorching sun and hot winds.
Winter, on the other hand, usually starts from the month of November and ends up in February. In this season, days are short and nights are long. This season is titled to heavy rains, snowfalls, chilly winds, and extremely cold weather. In this people usually feel lazy and lethargic as they do not have much to do. People simply love to enjoy the cozy home-environment, being cuddled up in warm blankets watching movies, munching dry fruits while sitting near the fire place are some of their best free-time activities. In winter, people wear warm clothes such as jackets, sweaters, coats, mufflers, caps, shawls, etc. to feel warm and remain safe from the harsh weather so they cannot catch the cold. Hot and spicy food items are the favourite ones of all the people during winters to keep themselves warm like steamboat, for instance, soups, coffee, green tea. As weather conditions do not lend a supportive hand to kids, so they have to play indoor games to spend their leisure time. They usually involve themselves in such activities like computer games, monopoly, ludo, chess, carom, etc. People usually make outing plans or visit parks in noon when they can enjoy the warm sunshine.
Hence, it can be concluded that every season has its own flavours that must be fully cherished to show gratitude towards Allah Almighty. Summers are hot, with people wearing light clothes and eating and drinking food items that give them a sense of coolness and relaxation from the burning weather conditions. Winters are cool, people are loaded with heavy clothing, love munching dry fruits, drink more and more hot drinks to feel warm. No doubt, food, clothes and activities of people are affected by different seasons. Similar to Autumn and Spring, Summer and Winter, too have their own characteristics. People observe different lifestyles during these two seasons. In short, one can say that people love to enjoy the hottest of summer and the coldest of winter.
Pet and Wild Animals Animals are the best creatures that one may spend wonderful time with. People have categorized animals into two major sections i.e. pet and wild animals. They have done this by focusing on the physical appearance and characteristics, hobbies and activities of the animals. Whether we talk about pet or wild animals, they too have certain rights and we should take care of them. Islam also put great emphasis on the rights of animals.
First talking about pet animals, they are gentle in their behaviour and can be tamed and trained easily by humans. They are fearless creatures that may not hurt or cause any harm to humans. They can be kept at homes, farms, or safe places. Pet animals are usually dependent on humans for their food as they are being kept by them at their homes. Apart from food, people who keep animals as their pets, have to look after their health as well. They are the lucky ones as they receive love and warmth for human beings by living among them.
In contrast to pet animals, wild animals are ferocious and wild in nature. They usually show fierce behaviour towards humans or their opponents and this is the one, big reason why they are unfortunate to receive human love, care and warmth. Wild animals live in open spaces such as mountains, forests, woods and jungles. They are self-sufficient and not dependent on humans as they find their own food from their natural habitats. Most of the wild animals are fast and skilful to catch their prey in time to full their stomachs. It is very difficult to train wild animals and sometimes it took years to train a single elephant or lion.
Both pet and wild animals are the gifts of nature, we should show affectionate and caring attitude towards them. Pet animals are soft and gentle in nature. They are kept at homes thus they are dependent on humans for food and care. They can easily be trained by humans. Looking on the other end of the spectrum, i.e. the life of wild animals, they are wild and aggressive in nature. They are independent and skilful and find their own food by preying on other animals. We should take good care of all the animals and give them their rights as well.
City and Village Life The life we are blessed with is usually spent either in a city or village. Many factors are involved in the type of life people may live. Sometimes people have to live in a city or village due to their professions or sometimes because of their strong bond with the soil and ancestral attachment to the place.
Village life is sometimes harsh and cruel but generally village life is relaxed and carefree. It is a life of simplicity and necessity absent of all the luxuries that often cloud the view of what is truly important. It is a life in the lap of mother earth itself, devoid of all the artificialness found in the cities. The simplicity of village life drives away many unnecessary tensions that plague the city dweller. There is no tension of traffic or latest trends that city dweller must spend their hard earned money on to maintain their social status. There are no threats of robberies and other more dangerous crimes. There is no tension of deadlines and due dates or of overdue bills and errands. However, one cannot say it is a life that is completely tension free because the tension of good crops is always upon the farmer’s shoulders. Village life is serene. It is nestled in a natural landscape and the beauty of mother-nature. One can walk barefoot on the morning dew spread across the grass and feel the simple pleasure that mother-nature has to offer. One can watch the animals grazing and understand the true meaning of life and put into perspective all that is important.
In comparison to village life, city is not a very clean and pleasant place to live. Though it has superior localities, but they are often surrounded by shabby slums as well. The heaps of garbage and pools of dirty water that spread diseases and epidemics are seldom removed from the poor quarters of the city. In a city, life is so busy, fast and restless that most of the people have little time for their families. Most of them do not know their next-door neighbors. People in a city do not interact with each other and often become victims of loneliness and depression. Articles of daily use and other educational, medical and recreational facilities available in cities are usually quite expensive and out of the reach of a common man. Noise and air pollution due to traffic and contamination of food and drinking water are common features of city life, which spread contagious diseases. Apart from the negatives, all the necessities and comforts of life are easily available to the city people. There are big shops, stores, and supermarkets at every nook and corner of a big city that sell everything, from a needle to a motor car. People in a city have better educational and professional opportunities. There are government offices, private companies, and factories in a city. Medical and recreational facilities are easily available to the city people. Besides, a city offers various kinds of recreation and amusement. The cultural, literary and sports activities continue throughout the year. The malls and stores in the cities provide a better shopping experience.
All in all, city life is more luxurious in comparison to rural life. City life offers better opportunities for recreation and better medical and educational facilities. It also offers better prospects for professional growth. However, the downside of living in a city is that life becomes mechanical. Life in a city is much more convenient, fun, and simulative than life in a village. But one cannot neglect the serene-environment, fresh air, beauty of nature that is spread all around, and tension free lives that people can cherish while living in a village. Judging from my experience, I find living in a city more convenient because cities offer better facilities in comparison to villages.
Good Neighbours and Bad Neighbours Being a social animal, man has to live in a society and the closest to him in his vicinity are his neighbours. Just like any other relationship, neighbours, too have rights and duties to perform in order to live in a comfortable knitted environment. lslam lays great stress on the rights of neighbours. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) said, “God lays so much stress on the rights of our neighbours that I almost thought they would get the right of inheritance in our property.”
Neighbours can be divided into two major categories i.e. good neighbours and bad neighbours. If you are fortunate enough to have a good neighbour then it is not less than a kind of blessing nowadays. Whereas, bead neighbours always give you tough time to survive.
We can label our neighbours ‘good’ or ‘bad’ depending upon various factors. The first thing that we look for or find in our neighbours, for sure, is their behaviour, attitude and acceptance of social norms and values. If they are gentle, trustworthy, caring, cooperative, helpful etc., we can say that we have good neighbours. Good neighbours are the ones with whom we feel comfortable to talk, we love to share our happy moments with them, not only happy ones but we share our problems and worries, too with them as we know that we will be getting a sincere advice or a helping hand from them. Good neighbours reflect good conduct and great moral character, and they like greeting one another with smiling face. Good neighbours usually establish a committee that used to organize meetings on monthly basis to discuss the problems of the residents of the society. Good neighbours share their meals with one another especially in Ramadan, on Eid, etc. and in time of need, they share other stuff as well.
In contrast to good neighbours, there, too live people in our neighbourhood who creates a disturbing environment around us almost 7 days a week. They are the ones who we can often find them peeping from their windows into our homes. These are the kind of people who are a great nuisance, who smash the rule of privacy quite openly. Such neighbours never lend a helping hand to you, they are non-cooperative, reflect immoral conduct and sometimes possesses low moral character as well. Gossiping among neighbours about each other is one of their leisure time activity that is itself an irritating problem for the rest of the neighbours who do not love to involve themselves in such weird and immoral activities.
In the nutshell, one can say that neighbours are the closest ones that cast direct influence on one another. Good neighbours are cooperative, caring, loving, sincere, and trustworthy. On the other hand, bad neighbours are difficult people to live with. They usually are non-cooperative, reflect immoral character and love to interfere in the matters of others. Gossiping and spreading rumours about others is their favourite past time. Being Muslims, it is our utmost responsibility to hold good relationships with our neighbours in order to live a happy, comfortable life together.
Study Skills Exercise 1
Look at the graph in the textbook on page 70 and supply the following information. 1. The percentage of women in the Senior Manager position is ______. 2. The percentage of women in the Middle Manager position is ______. 3. The percentage of men in the Executive Management position is ______. 4. The percentage of men in the Senior Manager position is ______. 5. The percentage of women in the Executive Management position is ______. 6. The percentage of men in the Middle Manager position is ______.
Answer: 1. 56 2. 55 3. 52 4. 50 5. 57 6. 51
Study Skills Exercise 2
Look at the graph in the textbook on page 70 and answer the following questions. 1. In which position are there more men? 2. In which position are there more women? 3. How much difference in percentage is there between men and women at the Senior Manager level? 4. How much difference in percentage is there between men and women at the Executive Management level? 5. How much difference in percentage is there between men and women at the Middle Manager level? 6. At which position do we see the highest number of women? 7. At which position do we see the highest number of men? 8. At which position do we see the lowest number of women? 9. At which position do we see the highest number of men? 10. What does the graph tell us about who is more capable, men or women?
Answer: 1.There are more men in Executive Management positions. 2. There are more women in Executive Management positions. 3. There is a difference of 6% in men and women at the Senior Manager level. 4. There is a difference of 5% in men and women at the Executive Management level. 5. There is a difference of 4% in men and women at the Middle Manager level. 6.The highest number of women can be seen at the Executive Management level. 7. The highest number of men can be seen at the Executive Management level. 8. We see the lowest number of women at the Middle Manager level. 9. We see the lowest number of men at the Senior Manager level. 10. The graph tells us that women are more capable than men as the percentage of women is more at all the three levels.
Study Skills Exercise 3
Look at the graph in the textbook on page 71 and supply the following information. 1. The percentage of unemployed women who are High School graduates is _____. 2. The percentage of unemployed women with a Bachelor’s degree or more is _____. 3. The percentage of unemployed men with less than a high school diploma is _____. 4. The percentage of unemployed men who have some college or Associate degree is _____. 5. The percentage of unemployed women who have less than a high school diploma is _____. 6. The percentage of unemployed men who have a Bachelor’s degree or more is _____. 7. The percentage of unemployed women who have some college or Associate degree is _____. 8. The percentage of unemployed men who are High School graduates is _____.
Look at the graph in the textbook on page 71 and answer the following questions. 1. With what level of education are there more unemployed men? 2. With what level of education are there more unemployed women? 3. With what level of education are there less unemployed men? 4. With what level of education are there less unemployed women? 5. How much difference in percentage is there between unemployed men and women at the High School graduates level? 6. How much difference in percentage is there between unemployed men and women at the less than a high school diploma level? 7. How much difference in percentage is there between unemployed men and women at the some college or Associate degree level? 8. How much difference in percentage is there between unemployed men and women at the Bachelor’s degree or more level? 9. At which level of education do we see the highest number of unemployed women? 10. At which level of education do we see the highest number of unemployed men? 11. At which level of education do we see the lowest number of unemployed women? 12. At which level of education do we see the lowest number of unemployed men? 13.What does the graph tell us about the connection between the education level and employment?
Answer: 1. There are more unemployed men with the education less than a high school diploma. 2. There are more unemployed women with the education less than a high school diploma. 3. There are less unemployed men with the Bachelor’s degree or more. 4. There are less unemployed women with the Bachelor’s degree or more. 5. There is a difference of 2.3% between unemployed men and women at the High School Graduates level. 6. There is a difference of 0.4% between unemployed men and women at the less than a high school diploma level. 7. There is a difference of 1.2% between unemployed men and women at the some college or Associate degree level. 8. There is a difference of 0.1% between unemployed men and women at the Bachelor’s degree or more level. 9. The highest number of unemployed women can be seen at less than a high school diploma level. 10. The highest number of unemployed men can be seen at less than a high school diploma level. 11. The lowest number of unemployed women can be seen at the Bachelor’s degree or more. 12. The lowest number of unemployed men can be seen at the Bachelor’s degree or more. 13. The graph tells us that the more a man or woman is educated, the lesser the percentage of unemployment. Similarly, the lesser a man or woman is educated, the higher the percentage of unemployment.