Class 12 English Notes Chapter 8 China’s Way to Progress Punjab all boards Grade 12 FSc Pre Engineering include solved exercises, review questions, MCQs, and chapter overview.
Chapter 8 China’s Way to Progress Class 12 English Notes
What are the social security benefits provided to the Chinese workers?
All the Chinese workers get the salary equal to the monthly cost of living. In the agricultural communes, housing facility is completely free of cost for the workers. Medical treatment is also free for all workers. Male Chinese workers retire at the age of sixty, which is extendable in special cases, whereas females retire at the age of fifty or fifty-five if they do clerical work. Pensions are provided on the basis of work seniority and they vary from fifty to sixty percent of the worker’s last wage. Those who work in factories are offered meals three times a day in the factory cafeteria for ten to twelve yuan. Factories also have nurseries and kindergartens where the children are looked after for minimal charges.
How does China rely on its own resources?
In China, all the twenty-six provinces that are even forty-four hundred kilometers apart from each other rely on their own resources. They have the capacity to continue to maintain and support themselves even in case of war. They generate their own funds and do not depend upon the help of the Central government.
Why has the world changed its attitude towards China?
Over time, the world has changed its attitude towards China. It enjoys tremendous popularity in the modern world today. There is a long queue of countries on the waiting list to recognize China because the awareness of the insensibility of their previous view about China is increasing with time. Another probable reason is the political guilt complex for having kept China out of the United Nations for a long time.
Discuss Chinese agriculture system.
In China, the agricultural system is growing rapidly through the system of communes. These communes have been further subdivided into production brigades and teams. Although a large number of people still carry out the traditional, intensive labour, agricultural mechanization is being introduced with care so as to avoid upsetting the balance.
Describe a day in the life of a Chinese student.
A Chinese student gets up at 6 o’clock in the morning and performs a few chores in the house. Then, she takes breakfast goes to school at 8 o’clock which she attends till 11 o’clock. She goes home for lunch afterwards and returns to school at one thirty where she does the homework till 3 o’clock. She goes through the lessons for an hour at home, after which she relaxes listening to the radio or reading newspapers to gain awareness of the national and international situation.
Write a note on the Chinese women.
From a Western perspective, Chinese women lack femininity and are usually not interested in beauty products, films, literature or drugs. They hold up half the sky and are determined to work at par with men and enjoy equal rights. They enjoy the social benefits of eight hours working day, free hospitalization, nursery, and infant school and fifty-six paid holidays before childbirth, which is free of cost. Chinese women exhibit a sense of confidence, dignity, and awareness of carrying out an important role in society.
‘It is the people and not the things that are decisive.” Discuss.
When the writer says, “It is people not the things that are decisive, he is trying to demonstrate that the concept of the Chinese social experiment which depends exclusively on its masses for its success. Although this concept whereby the Chinese do not follow the Western pattern of giving undue importance to machines has been destroyed by modern technology, but it is still meaningful. They have not placed much reliance on material things but individual labour and workmanship which is clear proof of people being the decisive factor in the success of their country.
“The heart of the matter is the need to root out selfishness.” Discuss.
Mao says; “The heart of the matter is the need to root out selfishness”. It means that to make progress all of us should work for the betterment of everyone. The secret behind China’s economic progress is also based on the same principle that they work collectively for the benefit of everyone. In other words, they believe in selfless and devoted workers on whom the prosperity of their country depends.