Federal G11 English Chapter 17 What You Do Is What You Are

Federal G11 English Chapter 17 What You Do Is What You Are Class 11 English Notes for FBISE includes solved exercises, questions, MCQs, important questions, grammar, Writing, and chapter overview.

Q.1) What is McWhiter’s tone? Illustrate it with a few words and phrases that establish the tone.

McWhiter’s tone of the essay is quite serious and heavy. It is judged through his writing style. In this essay, he has criticized the society that people are in a bad habit of judging others with what they do or with what profession they belong. He has used the question technique so to draw the readers’ attention towards the serious but ignored subject matter. He uses the words like retired teacher, a laid off worker, just something valued and valueless etc. to establish the tone.

Q.2) What is the theme of the essay ‘What You Do Is What You Are?’

The title of the essay is self-explanatory. The theme of the essay ‘What You Do Is What You Are’ is that we, as a whole are involved in a bad habit of judging other people’s worth on the basis of their jobs instead of their personal qualities. People used to give respect to others based on their job and the pay they are getting from it. The people who do menial jobs get little or simply no respect at all. On the other hand, people who do business or are doing corporate level jobs get respect from others, though it is a bitter reality that such people are usually involved in the bad habit of fraud, cheat, bribery, etc. But they are respected in the society due to the fortune they have.

Q.3) McWhirter says that we define and judge ourselves according to the job we do. Do you agree? Why?

Yes, I agree with the writer’s point of view. We, ourselves are the witness of this fact that people in our surrounding define and judge others on the basis of the job they perform or the position they enjoy in corporate sector or the business they run. The more a person earns from his job, the more he receives respect from others. Similarly, we too want to get respect from people around us according to the job we perform.  

Q.4) What, according to McWhirter, is the attitude of people towards unemployed people?

According to McWhirter, people usually show indifferent attitude towards unemployed people. He says that people consider unemployed people worthless human beings who don’t have the right to be respected by others in the society. People regard such people valueless for the present and define such unfortunate, unemployed people in terms of their past job history.  

Q.5) According to McWhirter “we separate the valued from valueless.” Give some examples of your own if you agree with the writer.

According to McWhirter, “We separate the valued from valueless”, I totally agree with his point of view. We usually respect a person who gets handsome salary, or enjoys authoritative position in an organization or is the owner of any business. On the other hand, we give less respect to such persons who do menial or labour work and earn a little amount to feed their families. Though, they are putting much effort and doing much hard work bearing the harsh weather conditions, we consider them worthless humans. Let me give an example from my surroundings. My aunt gives more respect to his neighbour who is the manager at one of the renowned banks of the town. On the other hand, I have seen her scolding her housemaid on petty issues and she never gives respect to her and mostly call her by bad names. So, in this way we separate the valued from valueless. Rather than sympathizing with them, we play immoral role by hurting the feelings and emotions of the less-earned or unemployed people of the society.

Q.6) What makes a job or career esteemed in the eyes of society and why?

A job or career is considered esteemed in the eyes of society on the basis of the nature of the job or business, salary received, social prestige, and the authoritative position being enjoyed. People are usually respected by others on the basis of these aspects. The people who are unfortunate to have all these in their lives, do not get respect from others.

Writing Federal G11 English Chapter 17

If the job is for earning livelihood then why some people in our society categorize on the basis of job or career and undervalues the personal qualities of a person as a human being? Write a letter to the editor of the newspaper on this social malaise. Illustrate your point by giving examples from immediate surroundings.

Letter to Editor:
Examination Hall,
                                                                                                        24th September, 2020.

The Editor,
Daily Dawn,

          Through your esteemed newspaper, I want to draw attention of the people towards the social malaise of judging others on the basis of the jobs performed.
          In the past, people used to give respect to everyone without even thinking about the profession to which they belong. As years pass by, the societal values change and people become materialistic. They consider wealth, money, fortune, job position valuable and hold the opinion that the unemployed ones must not get respect.
       It is also according to Islamic teachings to give respect to everyone. As we are moving away from the principles and teachings of our religion that’s why we have forgotten the importance of giving respect to every individual.
         I, myself have seen people using abusive language with their servants, they never give them respect or not even consider them humans as they treat them in quite a humiliating way hurting their feelings and emotions. One of my neighbours, is in a habit of beating his servant who is just a kid of eight. Most of the times, I have seen that kid doing difficult household chores that he is unable to do but he keeps on trying so he would not be beaten by the house owners.
        With a heavy heart, here I want to mention another example of my maternal aunt, who too used to treat her servants quite badly without giving them proper clothing, feeding them from leftover food so on and so forth. I want to make a request to all to consider everyone a human first and give them respect irrespective of the job performed or career opted.
          Being a responsible citizen, I want to make a humble request to all the members of the society to consider every human being worthy of respect without considering their wealth or fortune valuable or respectful.
Thanking You.
                                                                                                                      Yours Sincerely,


A. Use prefixes to find the opposite of these verbs and then use them in sentences:

VerbsOpposites with PrefixesSentences
wrapunwrapThe child quickly unwrapped the gifts.
usemisuseHe misused company funds.
agreedisagreeI strongly disagree with my friend’s views.
engagedisengageA crew member disengaged the autopilot.
behavemisbehaveMy cousin usually misbehave when he is tired.
understandmisunderstandYou always misunderstand me.
foldunfoldBuds unfold in the sunshine.
spellmisspellMy sister’s name is misspelled on the fee voucher.
connectdisconnectPlease disconnect the battery and recharge it.
closediscloseShe disclosed her friend’s secret in front of her parents.


Rewrite the following sentences after adding the given adverb in an appropriate pace.
1. I have understood her. (never)
2.My friend forgot my birthday. (completely)
3. He got dressed. (quickly)
4. He got dressed. (in a hurry)
5. She realized her mistake. (at once)
6. We are invited to parties at the weekends. (often)
7. She has done everything – she has been a soldier. (even)
8. I have finished painting the house. (almost)
9. Could you switch the light?(off)
10. We go to our native place in summer. (usually)
11. Your sewing machine needs some oil. (just)
12. It will rain this evening. (probably)

1. I have never understood her.
2. My friend completely forgot my birthday. (completely)
3. He got dressed quickly.
4. He got dressed in a hurry.
5. She at once realized her mistake.
6. We are often invited to parties at the weekends.
7. She has done everything – even she has been a soldier.
8. I have almost finished painting the house.
9. Could you switch the light off? (off)
10. We usually go to our native place in the summer.
11. Your sewing machine just needs some oil.
12. It will probably rain this evening. 

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