Federal G11 English Chapter 22 Progress

Federal G11 English Chapter 22 Progress Class 11 English Notes for FBISE includes solved exercises, questions, MCQs, important questions, grammar, Writing, and chapter overview.

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Federal G11 English Chapter 22 Progress

Q.1) What is the significance of the title of the play ‘Progress?’

Answer:
The title holds significance with respect to the central idea of the play. The writer delivers a thought-provoking message through his play that progress does not mean the development and brutal use of the weapons of mass destruction. The title is ironic in nature as it is not about progress rather focusses on the worrisome aspect of destruction of human race by the use of latest armament.

Q.2) What is the central idea of the play ‘Progress?’

Answer:
The central idea of the play ‘Progress’ is that we should not favour war as it causes destruction of mankind on a large scale. We should not give rise to the feelings of hatred, and enmity through wars. Basically this play is written after the First World War. The writer wants to spread the message of humanism through this play as he believes that anything that is against humanity should be abolished for peaceful living of all the human beings.

Q.3) Describe the climax of the play ‘Progress’ in few lines.

Answer:
The climax of the play ‘Progress’ happens at the moment when Mrs. Meldon comes to the room of her brother Professor Corrie and is shocked to see the invention of her brother. As she is against wars and destructive weapons so she asks her brother to destroy the invention by his own hands otherwise it would causes much damage to humanity and peace of the world by killing millions of people.

Q.4) What is one-act play? Illustrate it with examples from the play ‘Progress.’

Answer:
One-act play means a play that has only one act. It may consist of one or more scenes. One-act plays are made up of the basic and significant elements of theme, plot, character, and dialogue. 
The play ‘Progress’ is a one-act play as it has only one act that happens at the house of Prof. Corrie. It has a central theme that war should be avoided for a peaceful living. It has two major characters i.e. Prof. Corrie and his sister Mrs. Meldon. The whole play has the series of dialogues that are helpful in delivering the message quite effectively to the readers. Furthermore, one -act play has one action, time, and place. Here, the whole play has limited time for one action and the place is the same i.e. Prof. Corrie’s room. 

Q.5) What is plot? Write down the plot of the play ‘Progress.’

Answer:
According to the definition, plot is all about the main events of a play, novel, or film, devised and presented by the writer as an interrelated sequence.
With respect to the plot of the play, the events happens in concrete sequence. It is a one-act play written after 1st World War. The whole play takes place at the room of Prof. Corrie. He a scientist who has developed the formula for the devastating bomb. He is quite excited for his invention as he is going to be a wealthy man due to it. In the meantime, his sister, Mrs. Meldon arrives his home and on entering his room and listening about his invention, she becomes depressed as she loves humanity and want to see peace in the whole world. Whereas, Prof. Corrie wants to see more destruction in less time.

Mrs. Meldon is in a state of grief and mourning as she has lost his only son Eddie at the war and then her husband as well. She is suffering from the pain, war has inflicted upon her that’s why she wants her brother not to invent the disastrous bomb that will take the life of innocent civilians. But, Prof. Corrie shows resistance in listening to her advice. When Mrs. Meldon knows the evil intentions of her brother and his resistance against destroying the bomb formula, she takes his life by killing him with a knife. Though she does not want to do that but she finds it essential to save humanity and world’s peace. Hence, she gives preference to a matter related to human beings over her brother’s life.

Q.6) Write the character sketch of Mrs. Meldon.

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon is one of the major characters of the play. She is the sister of Prof. Corrie who is a scientist and working on developing a dangerous bomb that will cause huge damage to the world. She is a sensitive, emotional, and peace-loving lady. She is 43 years of age. She is a dignified woman who shows sensible behaviour throughout the play. She is in a state of mourning as she has lost her only son Eddie at the war and her husband too. She is left all alone in the world to bear the pain of loneliness. She is against war as it takes the life of innocent human beings. She considers war nothing just an organized butchery of youth.


When Mrs. Meldon comes to know about the evil intentions of her brother, she wants him to destroy the formula of that bomb. She does not want anyone else especially the mothers to bear the same pain of losing their sons at wars. She tries her level best to stop her brother from inventing the bomb and calls him the most stupid man on this earth. When she comes to know that her brother is not going to destroy his invention, being an extremely emotional lady, she takes the knife and kills her own brother just for the sake of humanity and world peace.

Q.7) Draw the character of Prof. Corrie as despiser / hater of humanity.

Answer:
Prof. Corrie is a clear reflection of a person who is a hater of humanity. He is a selfish, greedy, self-centered, and evil minded person who just thinks of his own. He considers human beings worthless creatures. He has developed a formula for a destructive bomb that can take life of a huge number of innocent people when used in wars. With this invention, he dreams of becoming a wealthy person. He is such an insensitive person that he feels pleasure in witnessing destruction of mankind.

Q.8) What type of mother is Mrs. Meldon? Illustrate through her character that themes of literature are universal and exist across all cultures and societies.

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon is a sensitive, caring and loving mother. She is a lover of humanity and hates war as it kills millions. She has only one son Eddie who has lost his life during First World War. After his death, she becomes all alone. Most of the times, she used to talk about Eddie, his childhood, youth and his killing at the war, this is the clear reflection of her selfless, unconditional love for his son.


Her character strengthens the point that themes of literature are universal and exist across all cultures and societies as almost every country’s poets and writers have given tribute to women as mothers through their unique, thought-provoking, and heart-touching writings. For instance, some of the famous poems that are written by poets belonging to different countries on the theme of mother, her love, care, and affection are: “To My Mother” by Edgar Allan Poe, “Mother O’ Mine,” by Rudyard Kipling, “Maa Teri Azmat ko Salaam” by Sajid Ali, etc. In every culture, the role of a woman as a mother remains the same that she has to bring up her children with utmost care and affection whether she is a housewife or a working lady and she asks for nothing in return from her children.

Q.9) Was Mrs. Meldon justified in killing her brother? Give your considered view.

Answer:
Though it is a crime to take anyone’s life, but here the killing of Prof. Corrie by his sister Mrs. Meldon was justified. The reason was quite obvious that Mrs. Meldon was a lover of humanity and hated war. When she came to know about the evil intentions of her own bother and the life-threatening weapon he had invented, at first she tried to convince Prof. Corrie to destroy his invention. When he refused to do so, she decided to take the life of her brother just in order to save humanity. Hence, it was a justified act as sometimes it becomes necessary to eliminate the evil elements of the society with iron hands.

Q.10) What was the cause of the quarrel between Mrs. Meldon and Prof. Corrie?

Answer:
The major cause of quarrel between Mrs. Meldon and Prof. Corrie was the dangerous invention of Prof. Corrie that if used in wars would kill millions in just a few seconds. Mrs. Meldon was not in favour of that so she tried to convince Prof. Corrie to destroy his formula but he kept on refusing as he was a selfish, cruel, and greedy sort of a person.

Q.11) Contrast the characters of Mrs. Meldon and Prof. Corrie, highlighting the dominant traits of their personalities.

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon is a peace loving lady, she loves humanity and hates war. She is a dignified woman, though she is depressed, and dejected but she never lost her senses. She is a sensitive and emotional lady. On the other hand, Prof. Corrie, is a lover of war and wants to shatter world’s peace by inventing his destructive bomb. He is a selfish, greedy, self-willed, and insensitive man who just cares for his own evil intentions and wealth that he will earn though his invention.  

Q.12) What is the conflict in the play ‘Progress?’ How is it resolved? 

Answer:
The main conflict in the play ‘Progress’ is ideological in nature. Mrs. Meldon loves peace and hates war whereas, Prof. Corrie, her brother wants to see the destruction of the world with the invention of his bomb. Mrs. Meldon tries her best to stop Corrie from inventing the bomb but to no avail. He keeps on refusing to destroy the bomb formula and shows inclination towards inventing it. When Mrs. Meldon knows that Prof. Corrie will not move back from his plan, in rage she kills him with a knife just to save humanity and peace of the world. In this way, the conflict is resolved.

Q.13) Suggest another ending for the play ‘Progress.’

Answer:
The play ended bearing a criminal and brutal touch. The play ‘Progress’ can be ended in another way. If I were the writer of the play, I would have given another ending to the play. It might be like that Mrs. Meldon would call the police and Prof. Corrie would be arrested and sent to jail.  He would get severe punishment or life imprisonment due to his evil intentions and invention of disastrous war weapon. In this way, Mrs. Meldon would not involve herself in any criminal act and Prof. Corrie would get the desired punishment.

Q.14) True progress means “The destroying of the means of destruction.”  Elaborate this statement in light of the play ‘Progress.’

Answer:
Yes, it is a bare fact of reality that true progress means “The destroying of the means of destruction.” It is clearly evident from the play “Progress” that Prof. Corrie is killed by his sister Mrs. Meldon as he is involved in the brutal act of developing a formula for a bomb that will devastate the world in a matter of just a few seconds. In order of save humanity and world’s peace, his sister takes his life so he will not be able to work further on his devastating invention and will not take the lives of million innocent people in savage wars. So, it can be said that if the means of destruction are destroyed only then we can cherish peace on this earth.

Q.15) How was Eddie killed?

Answer:
Eddie was killed in the First World War. He was a part of the battalion that was fighting against the enemy. He was just nineteen and was not much aware about the happenings at the battlefield. He was killed when he was sitting in a less shallow trench with his men for eight days and nights. A piece of shell came right into the middle of a group of them and destroyed all of them at once. In this way, Eddie had lost his life. Nobody exactly knew about the place of his burial but Mrs. Meldon came to know that he had been buried behind the line somewhere.  

Q.16) Describe the physical and mental conditions of Mrs. Meldon after the death of her son Eddie.

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon, a lady of forty three, was in a state of grief and sorrow due to the sudden death of her only son Eddie in the  First World War. She was dressed in black, because of the fact that she was a widow but most importantly to mourn her son’s death. First her son died, and then her husband too due to heart failure. Hence, she was left all alone in the world to suffer the great pain of loss. 
Though she was mentally disturbed but she was not a fretful, complaining lady who had suffered bereavement. She suffered the pain with dignity and grace and never lost her senses. She showed sensible behaviour throughout the play. She became quite emotional, dejected, and sensitive after facing all the unexpected, severe circumstances in her life. At the end, when she killed Prof. Corrie, her brother, it can be said that it might be an act of madness.

Q.17) Why does Mrs. Meldon hate war?

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon hates war because she herself suffers a great loss due to such brutal wars. She believes that war is nothing but just an organized butchery of young people. She considers war a way to destroy human peace and aggravate world’s law and order. Mrs. Meldon loves humanity that’s why she does not want any other mother to go through the same painful situation as she is passing or has passed after losing her only son Eddie in the First World War.

Q.18) What is Mrs. Meldon’s view about war?

Answer:
Mrs. Meldon is totally against war as she believes that war is an organized butchery of youth. She believes that war snatches world’s peace and is a threat to whole humanity. According to her point of view, war is the most terrible thing in this world.

Q.19) What is Prof. Corrie’s view about war?

Answer:
Prof. Corrie is in favour of war. He is a scientist and develops a formula for a devastating bomb that will kill a huge number of people at once. He is a lover of war and wants to make war more swift and terrible. He believes that his invention is the most humanitarian invention and is of the opinion that wars will never end only if to make so horrible that no nation will engage in one unless absolutely driven to it.

Q.20) Bring out the ideological conflict between Mrs. Meldon and Prof. Corrie.

Answer:
The ideological conflict between Mrs. Meldon and Prof. Corrie is that Mrs. Meldon loves humanity and represents peace loving people. Whereas on the other hand, Prof. Corrie is in favour of war and wants to destroy human peace and cause world’s destruction at a massive scale.  


Writing

A. Write a detailed summary of St. JOHN GREEN ERVINE’s ‘Progress.’

Answer:
Summary:
St. John Green Ervine has written a wonderful one-act play titled as ‘Progress.’ This play is written after 1st World War. Prof. Corrie and his sister Mrs. Meldon are the major characters of the play.
Prof. Corrie is a scientist of around 60 years of age. He is in his room, working on his new invention i.e. a dangerous bomb that has the capacity to kill millions in just a few seconds. He is quite exhilarated at his invention. He is a self-centered, greedy, insensitive person who just cares for himself. In the meantime, his sister Mrs. Meldon, aged 43 enters his room. She is in a state of sorrow as she has lost not only her only son Eddie at the war but her husband as well. Now, she is left all alone in this world.


He excitedly tells her about his new invention of a dangerous bomb. On listening that, she becomes quite annoyed as she hates war and the weapons that are used in it to take the life of innocent people. She does not show much interest in her brother’s invention for which Prof. Corrie criticizes women. He in his excitement forgets that his sister is in grief as today is her son’s death anniversary. Rather, he keeps on talking about his invention. He tells her that his invention will definitely revolutionize warfare. In contrary, Mrs. Meldon is talking more about his son’s death and the memories associated with him.


Prof. Corrie says that he would become rich when he sells his formula to the government. Mrs. Meldon criticizes him for that as he is just thinking about himself against the massive killing of people. He simply ignores her remarks and further informs her that his invention would make the war more speedy and terrible. Being a peace-loving lady, Mrs. Meldon is against such an invention as she believes that war is nothing but just an organized butchery of young people.
Mrs. Meldon tries her best to convince her brother to forget about that invention and must think sensibly for the peace of the whole world and safety of humanity. Prof. Corrie does not pay much heed to her advice as he has his own evil intentions of destroying the world’s peace by killing people on massive scale during war. He shows resistance and calls her a fool.


In rage, Mrs. Meldon goes to the table, and turn it over that destroys Prof. Corrie’s invention. He becomes quite aggressive at that and says that though you have destroyed my invention but I have the whole formula in my mind and I would work on it again. When Mrs. Meldon becomes sure that Prof. Corrie would never give a second thought to his wicked plan, she takes a very difficult decision of taking his life. She picks the knife from the table and drives it at the back of her brother Prof. Corrie. She admits her crime but she is not guilty at that as she knows that whatever she has done is just for the sake of humanity and peace of the world.

B. Re-write ‘Progress’ as narrative/story, using omniscient third person as point of view. You can also suggest another ending to your narrative/story.

Answer:
                                          Title: A Scientist’s Treacherous Invention
This is a narration based on the after effects of war on human life and the wicked plan of inventing a dangerous bomb. The whole story revolves around two major characters i.e. Prof. Corrie, an evil-minded scientist and his sister Mrs. Meldon, a sensitive, emotional, and peace-loving lady.
Once upon a time, there lived a scientist named Prof. Corrie. He was an elderly man of around sixty years of age. He was a wicked, self-willed, and greedy person. He was working on inventing a dangerous bomb. With that, he had a plan to earn wealth and kill thousands of people at once during war.
One day, he was in his room, busy in the creation of his invention, when his sister Mrs. Meldon came to his home. He knew that she was coming that day but he didn’t bother to go to the station to pick her. Mrs. Meldon entered his room, and Prof. Corrie apologized her. He was quite excited at his invention that he just forgot to had a talk with his sister. Mrs. Meldon of age 43, was very sad as it was the day of his son’s death anniversary. She had only one son Eddie who had lost his life at the war. She bore that pain with dignity but later on, she had lost her husband as well and that made her all alone in this world.


She came to her brother’s home to share her grief but she was quite disappointed as her brother was very much involved in his own invention. He kept on talking about his invention and told her that his invention would revolutionize the warfare and help in winding up the wars in less time with more destruction. Mrs. Meldon was not at all in favour of war, so she tried to convince her brother to destroy his invention.
Prof. Corrie was a stubborn and self-centered person so he was not interested in her advice. He said that he would not give up his plan. Mrs. Meldon asked him to change his mind just for the sake of humanity. She said that she wanted her to do so as she didn’t want any other women to go through the same pain of losing their near and dear ones at the war. This sentence of Mrs. Meldon melted his heart, and turned him into a selfless, sensitive, and peace-loving person. All at once, Prof. Corrie changed his mind from negative to positive. He realized his mistake that he was going to make. With tears in his eyes, he then got up in rage and destroyed his invention with his own hands. He thanked his sister for opening his eyes and mind.
Moral: We should think more about humanity and world peace against our own interests.   


Vocabulary

Fill in the blanks with words related to medicine. Use the words in brackets to form a new word that fits into each blank. You can consult any authentic source if you don’t know the meaning f these words.

Thanks to modern medicine there are many new ________ (TREAT) for diseases which, in the past, were __________ (CURE). Many childhood ___________ (ILL), for example, have disappeared. This is due to the use of vaccinations.
____________ (MEDICINE) advances have also changed the way surgical operations are performed. These are less _________(PAIN) for the patient than they use to be. But, ___________ (FORTUNATE), in Third World countries, a high number of __________ (INFECTION) diseases are still common because of overpopulation and poor ________ (LIFE) conditions. Malnutrition, which is caused by _________ (SUFFICIENT) food, is one of the many problems which can ________ (THREAT) children’s lives in these countries. With today’s technology, there is no reason that a _________ (SOLVE) to these problems should be beyond our __________ (CAPABLE).

Answer:
Thanks to modern medicine there are many new treatments for diseases which, in the past, were incurable. Many childhood illnesses, for example, have disappeared. This is due to the use of vaccinations.
 Medicinal advances have also changed the way surgical operations are performed. These are less painful for the patient than they use to be. But, fortunately, in Third World countries, a high number of infectious diseases are still common because of overpopulation and poor living conditions. Malnutrition, which is caused by insufficient food, is one of the many problems which can threaten children’s lives in these countries. With today’s technology, there is no reason that a solution to these problems should be beyond our capability.


Grammar

A. Active and passive voice – Crime Story
1. The police _________ just _________ (announce).
2. That the Bank _________ (rob) yesterday.
3. Two men __________ (enter) the bank at 4:30 with guns in their hands.
4. Customers and bank clerks _________ (ask) to lie down on the floor and one of the bank clerks ________ (make) to fill the robber’s bags with money.
5. After that the two men ________ (leave) the bank quickly.
6. The police officer Nawab Ali says that more than 200, 000 rupees _________ (steal) yesterday, but nobody ___________ (injure).
7. Nawab Ali believes that the robbers ___________ (find) soon.
8. The bank ________ (close) since yesterday.

Answer:
1. The police has just announced.
2. That the Bank was robbed yesterday.
3. Two men entered the bank at 4:30 with guns in their hands.
4. Customers and bank clerks were asked to lie down on the floor and one of the bank clerks was made to fill the robber’s bags with money.
5. After that the two men left the bank quickly.
6. The police officer Nawab Ali says that more than 200, 000 rupees were stolen yesterday, but nobody was injured.
7. Nawab Ali believes that the robbers will be found soon.
8. The bank has been closed since yesterday.

B. Ask questions about the robbery.
1. What time _______ the two men ___________ the bank? (enter) At 4:30
2. What _________ the customers and bank clerks ________ to do? (ask)
They were asked to lie down on the floor.
3. What _________ one of the clerks _________ to do?
To fill the robber’s bags with money.
4. How much money _______ by the robbers? (steal)
More than 2000, 000 rupees.
5. _______ anybody _________? (injure)
No, nobody has been injured.
6. How long __________ the bank __________ ? (close)
It will be closed for two days.

Answer:
1. What time _______ the two men ___________ the bank? (enter) At 4:30
They entered the bank at 4:30.
2. What _________ the customers and bank clerks ________ to do? (ask)
They were asked to lie down on the floor.
3.What _________ one of the clerks _________ to do?
To fill the robber’s bags with money.
4. How much money _______ by the robbers? (steal)
More than 2000, 000 rupees were stolen.
5. _______ anybody _________? (injure)
No, nobody has been injured.
6. How long __________ the bank __________ ? (close)
It will be closed for two days.


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