Matric (Science with Biology) Lahore Board Class 10 English Notes Chapter 13 Faithfulness | Grade 10, according to Lahore Board syllabus Long and Short question, grammar, Mcqs, and Writing Skills.
Class 10 English Notes Chapter 13
i) What case did the young men bring to Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم?
The young man brought a case to Hazrat Umar (R.A) by holding a strong and well-built countryman. He complained to Hazrat Umar (R.A) that the person had murdered his old father. They asked the Caliph to decide the case in favor of him and put forward a demand to punish the murderer for his crime with justice.
ii) Why did the old man hurl a stone at the camel?
When the villager reached the garden along with his camel. The camel ate a few hanging leaves from the branch of the tree. When the old man saw that, he hurled a stone with all his might at the camel and that severely hurt it on its head and the camel died.
iii) Why did the villager ask Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم to delay the execution?
The villager asked Hazrat Umar (R.A) to delay the execution because his father left some gold that he buried in the earth in the fields and no one knows the place. He had to give his younger brother his due share that’s why he wanted to go back and hand over that gold to a trustee so his brother would get his due share after his death otherwise if his brother did not get then he would get punishment on the Day of Judgment.
iv) On what condition was the criminal allowed to leave?
The criminal was allowed to leave on a condition that he had to appoint someone as his surety, a person who would be willing to suffer death if he failed to return. The criminal selected Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as his surety. On getting acceptance from Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) for standing as a surety for the criminal, he was allowed to leave.
v) Why were Sahabas رضي الله عنهمworried?
The Sahabs (R.A) were worried because of Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he became the surety for the villager. The villager requested for three days delay in his execution. It was the third day when the villager didn’t return. At that moment, all the Sahabas (R.A) became anxious for the life of their beloved friend Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he had to give his life if the villager was unable to reach that day on time.
vi) Why did the accusers forgive the villager?
When the villager returned to the court of the Caliph in time, everyone was astonished at the honesty and faithfulness of the villager as he had a golden chance to run away to save his life but he came back. Being impressed by the good moral character, honesty, and faithfulness of the villager, the accusers forgave him wholeheartedly and also refused to take the blood money from him.
Q.1) Write the character sketch of the villager.
The villager was an honest man, different from the others. He was the man of his words. He had returned to the court in time, fully knowing that he could be killed. He not only risked losing his life, but also saved life of Hazrat Abu zar Ghaffar (R.A). He showed his honesty by returning precious gold to his brother. He wanted to die in honor.
Q.2) Summarize the story with the help of mind map given below.
Two men brought a villager to Hazrat Umar (R.A). He was accused of killing their father. They wanted to seek justice. Hazrat Umar (R.A) listened to both the parties. It was decided to sentence the villager to death on fair grounds, as the killer himself had confessed his crime. The villager accepted the penalty and requested to delay the execution for three days. He gave explanation for his request of the delay, as he had to return the gold to his brother left by their father after his death. He promised that he would return as soon as he hands over the gold. Hazrat Umar (R.A) accepted the request on a condition to stand someone as surety who will be willing to suffer death if he failed to return.
The villager pointed Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) to stand as a surety who agreed to the condition. He was allowed to leave after the accusers accepted the condition as well. It was on the third day that the accuser and surety were presented in the mosque of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) but the villager had not returned yet. Only an hour was left that the accusers came to Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar and demanded to produce the villager. He (R.A) assured them of the return of the villager but in case if he failed, he was ready to face the death. The court was anxious as the time was coming nearer.
It was then, that the villager reached the court all perspiring and demanded to be slayed down. All the people in the court were astonished by the honesty of the villager. Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) then addressed the Caliph how could he not refuse to the villager to stand as his surety when he had selected him. Everyone in the court witnessed villager’s honesty that the accusers in the court forgiven the criminal and let him live.