Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes

Contents show

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #13

What case did the young men bring to Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم?

The young man brought a case to Hazrat Umar (R.A) by holding a strong and well-built countryman. He complained to Hazrat Umar (R.A) that the person had murdered his old father. They asked the Caliph to decide the case in favor of him and put forward a demand to punish the murderer for his crime with justice.

Why did the old man hurl a stone at the camel?

When the villager reached the garden along with his camel. The camel ate a few hanging leaves from the branch of the tree. When the old man saw that, he hurled a stone with all his might at the camel and that severely hurt it on its head and the camel died.

On what condition was the criminal allowed to leave?

The criminal was allowed to leave on a condition that he had to appoint someone as his surety, a person who would be willing to suffer death if he failed to return. The criminal selected Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as his surety. On getting acceptance from Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) for standing as a surety for the criminal, he was allowed to leave.

Why did the villager ask Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم to delay the execution?

The villager asked Hazrat Umar (R.A) to delay the execution because his father left some gold that he buried in the earth in the fields and no one knows the place. He had to give his younger brother his due share that’s why he wanted to go back and hand over that gold to a trustee so his brother would get his due share after his death otherwise if his brother did not get then he would get punishment on the Day of Judgment.

Why were Sahabas رضي الله عنهمworried?

The Sahabs (R.A) were worried because of Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he became the surety for the villager. The villager requested for three days delay in his execution. It was the third day when the villager didn’t return. At that moment, all the Sahabas (R.A) became anxious for the life of their beloved friend Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he had to give his life if the villager was unable to reach that day on time.

Why did the accusers forgive the villager?

When the villager returned to the court of the Caliph in time, everyone was astonished at the honesty and faithfulness of the villager as he had a golden chance to run away to save his life but he came back. Being impressed by the good moral character, honesty, and faithfulness of the villager, the accusers forgave him wholeheartedly and also refused to take the blood money from him.

Read more: Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter 1 to 15


Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #12

Which areas are most affected by incessant growth in population?

The developing countries are the most affected areas by incessant growth in population. Due to increasing number of world population, per capita availability of food grain has been declining the past 25 years.

Why are developing countries going to suffer more due to overpopulation?

The developing countries are going to suffer more due to over-population because the per capita availability of food grains has been declining for the past 25 years. The population is increasing every passing minute but there is no significant increase in the agricultural production of the crops or the food supplies to meet the pressing demand of the population.

What is the major cause of food shortages and malnutrition?

One of the major cause of food shortage and malnutrition is the factor of overpopulation all over the world. On average, about a quarter of a million people are added to the world whereas the per capita availability of food grains has been declining for the past 25 years. The population is increasing and the production is decreasing that’s why food shortage and malnutrition is one of the serious issues of these days.

How are water resources under great stress?

Water resources, especially for irrigation, are under great stress due to increased requirement and excessive withdrawal of water from rivers, lakes, and aquifers by the populous cities, states, and countries of the world every year.

What is the effect of depletion of fossil energy?

The depletion of fossil energy is definitely has a direct effect on the life of all living beings that survive on earth. As it is one of the major resources for food production therefore if it is reduced then it directly affects the production and availability of food products that are already on verge due to increase in world’s population.

What is the limitation of improved technology?

Although improved technology has a number of advantages in energy production, unfortunately, it is unable to produce an unlimited flow of those vital natural resources that are the best available raw materials for sustained agricultural production.

How can a sufficient food supply be made possible for the future generation?

Sufficient food supply for future generation can be made possible in a way that we need to preserve our important natural resources including water, soil, plants, and animals. We also need to control the population.

Read more: Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter 1 to 15


Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #11

Who looked after Pip after the death of his parents?

After the death of his parents, Pip was brought up by his sister and her husband, Joe.

Who was Joe? How did he treat Pip?

Joe was the husband of Pip’s sister. He was very kind and warm-hearted who looked after Pip. He treated Pip as if he were his own son. He was Pip’s best friend.

Why did Pip give food and drink to the prisoner?

Pip gave food and drink to the prisoner because he was kind-hearted and wanted to help the prisoner who had escaped from the prison.

What happened to the prisoner?

The soldiers recaptured the prisoner and took him away. Later, he was sent to Australia with other convicts, where he became a wealthy farmer. Still, he was wanted by England police. They arrested him while he was getting on the ship and was sentenced to death by the judge. He died in prison before he was hanged.

Why did the prisoner support Pip?

The prisoner supported Pip because he didn’t forget Pip’s act of kindness. He wanted Pip to get advantages of education and money and become a better person.

What happened to the prisoner’s wealth after his death?

After the prisoner’s death, all his wealth was taken by Government. According to the law, the money belonged to the Government.

Do you know a person who achieved success in life through his hard work?

People do achieve success through their hard work. There was a young fellow, who was determined to work hard for CSS exams. His parents were not so well off. He studied harder and harder for exams all on his own and cleared the exams with gliding colors. Later, he made a good fortune.


Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #10

How does a book connect the reader and the writer?

A book connects the reader and the writer as the reader moves into the world of imagination or fantasy according to the words that are written on the pages. He considers the possession if something deliciously private between him and the writer as no one else knows what he is reading, feeling or experiencing.

In what way books are better than radio, TV, and Internet?

Books are better than radio, TV and the Internet because they are not the time or place-bound. Book reading does not depend on electricity or powers sources; one can get benefit from reading books while traveling.

“It’s slow food in a world given over to fast food” Explain.

This means that books are quite a reliable source of information and private too. One can enjoy the flavor of books at any time whereas blogs, text messages and e-books are like fast food that one can enjoy for a particular period of time and they are endured only as long as the stuff they are printed on.

Why should people be given more opportunities to read books?

People should be given more opportunity to read books as books are the true source of shelters, sustenance and also provide a path that leads towards a prosperous future. Reading books enhance the understanding of mankind about history, feelings, thoughts, imaginations, compassion, and voice.

Which book has inspired you the most? Why?

The book that inspired me the most is the Holy Quran because it tells us how to live our lives successfully and how to stay away from evils and try our level best to tread on a path that leads us to Heaven.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #09

i) What were some famous careers for the young people in the past?

Answer:

People in past were more attracted towards medical, engineering and becoming pilots. These jobs were thought to be rewarding both in terms of respect and money. This was the only reason, students were not exploring other opportunities.

ii) Nowadays non-traditional careers are more appealing to young minds? Why?

Answer:

Nowadays, non- traditional careers are more appealing to young minds because young generation is quite eager to have new challenges and experiences in their life that’s why they want to pursue such careers which give them inner satisfaction according to their interest and at the same time offer them a profitable livelihood too in the life to come.

iii) What is meant by the “right profession”?

Answer:

Right profession means a career that is not only selected by keeping in view the interest, aptitude or abilities of an individual but it should meet market demand and trends too. In this way, it gives a sense of inner satisfaction to a person as well as becomes a source of perfect earning for the individual.

iv) Why is it important to consider the scope of any field?

Answer:

It is very important to consider the scope of any field before opting for it. The reason behind is the market demand and hiring trends. If a person selects such career that is not in demand in the market then it is quite difficult for him to get a good job as his education or qualification is outdated or not according to the latest trends of the market.

v) Is there any need of proper career counseling department? Why?

Answer:

Yes, there is a genuine need for proper career counseling department as this provides the appropriate guideline to the students as well as to their parents about selecting the right career according to the interest, aptitude, and abilities of the student and also by focusing on the scope of that specific profession in the years to come. In this way, time, energy and resources of the students and their parents are not wasted in case of students’ failure in any of the unwanted or forced discipline.

vi) How can career counselors help the young people?

Answer:

Career counselors help the young people in selecting the best possible career for them by giving proper guidelines about the market demand and trends that would be helpful for young people in getting a suitable job after finishing their professional education.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #08

How is wind described in the first stanza?

The wind is described as a cruel monster that causes destruction, as it is “roaring” and “smashing” leveling all men’s efforts. The wind has been personified as a “monster of destruction”, that is powerful enough to take everything from valleys and vales with it.

With what wind is compared in the first stanza?

Wind is compared with “monster of destruction”, that knocks down all man-made structures and buildings to the ground. It is fierce and giant.

What is the wind doing to all man’s work?

Wind is causing a lot of destruction, due to its unbeatable power. Nothing can stand in its way. It is leveling man’s efforts to the ground. It makes everything falls down and breaks them.

How does the scene look like when the wind is still?

The scene is completely opposite to the scene when the wind is “roaring”. There are bright blue skies and all that is heard is a gentle whisper from far away. These whispers are giving no indication for the change in weather so, they are “unimportant”. The whole environment creates an eternal silence.

What comparison is made in the second stanza?

There is a wide difference in the attitude of wind blowing in the second stanza. Here the wind is quite gentle and becomes the main cause of life for birds, buds and other living things. The wind here is shown as very constructive and productive. There lies the truth of life that after every storm there is always joy and happiness.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #07

What are some distinctions of the writer?

The writer has been awarded Quaid-e-Azam badge in scouting. He has won who’s who program at the district level, and he has been given Academic excellence award in Declamation context and essay writing competition for the year 2011.

What has he gained from his summer job experiences?

He has gained experience from his summer jobs. It helped him build up financially as well as mentally. He has now become a mature and much responsible person. These experiences have made up his mind to think and plan for future.

How has the writer spent his summer vacation?

He has spent his summers doing jobs to make him mature responsible and financially strong. His first summer job was at English Language center and then he worked at McDonald’s. He also worked at D.K academy.

How are these experiences help him in the future?

These jobs are helpful to him as they have made him mature, responsible and financially strong. He has gained enough confidence to worry less about the future, rather he looks forward to it. He is ready and determined to learn more and do better in college as well as in life.

What kind of student is the writer? Which of his qualities impress you?

The writer is hardworking and active in academics as well as in co-curricular activities. He is honest to his job and determined to be successful in the future. He does not only get good grades but also participates in other activities as well.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #06

What are some distinctions of the writer?

The writer has been awarded Quaid-e-Azam badge in scouting. He has won who’s who program at the district level, and he has been given Academic excellence award in Declamation context and essay writing competition for the year 2011.

What has he gained from his summer job experiences?

He has gained experience from his summer jobs. It helped him build up financially as well as mentally. He has now become a mature and much responsible person. These experiences have made up his mind to think and plan for future.

How has the writer spent his summer vacation?

He has spent his summers doing jobs to make him mature responsible and financially strong. His first summer job was at English Language center and then he worked at McDonald’s. He also worked at D.K academy.

How are these experiences help him in the future?

These jobs are helpful to him as they have made him mature, responsible and financially strong. He has gained enough confidence to worry less about the future, rather he looks forward to it. He is ready and determined to learn more and do better in college as well as in life.

What kind of student is the writer? Which of his qualities impress you?

The writer is hardworking and active in academics as well as in co-curricular activities. He is honest to his job and determined to be successful in the future. He does not only get good grades but also participates in other activities as well.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #05

i) What does the poet hear?
Answer:
The poet hears sweet noise of green leaves drinking the water of the rain and passing water beneath drop by drop.
ii) What according to the poet is a sweet noise?
Answer:
According to the poet, the noise of green leaves drinking water is the sweet noise.
iii) What will happen after the rain stops?
Answer:
After the rain stops, the sun will come out again and a spectacular display of light that will lit up each dark round drop will create a magnificent sight.
iv) How does the sun come out after the rain?
Answer:
The sun comes out shining brighter and clearer than before.
v) How does the light fill the drops?
Answer:
The wondrous light fills the dark round drop by striking each drop of water, creating magnificent an extraordinary display.
vi) What makes the scene lovely?
Answer:
The sun shining brightly makes the scene lovely and beautiful.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #04

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #03

What is the lesson taught in the first stanza?

The first stanza gives us the lesson of trying hard against all odds. No matter how hard the task is, if we stay persistent our courage will be built up and we will succeed.

What can we learn from failure?

Failure is the stepping stone towards the success and it gives us the courage to build our selves. It depends on a person’s attitude towards failure, if he perceives it in a positive sense then no doubt it is failure that teaches many lessons to a person like how to deal with harsh situations, how to face the reality or how to face the near and dear ones.

How is a failure not a disgrace?

Failure is not a disgrace but a step toward success. If we keep on trying, we will win. but for that, we should not give up on trying in shame.

How many times should we try and why?

Efforts do not seek numbers. Courage will only be developed if we remain steadfast, patient and try harder.

What should we do if we find our task hard?

If we find our task hard and difficult to accomplish, we should not give up. Instead, we should try again. Time will bring us the fruit of our labor.

Give an example of a struggle from your life?

I tried hard to win the award of Excellency in my school for two consecutive years but did not succeed. I kept on participating in every competition and at last, I was able to win that award with great honor.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #02

When does Chinese New Year start?

Chinese year never falls on the same day every year as it follows the lunar calendar that is based on the phases of the moon. It typically falls somewhere between January 21st and February 20th.

Why do Chinese families do a thorough cleaning of their houses before New Year’s Day?

Chinese families do thorough cleaning of their homes before the New Year day so to eradicate any bad luck from the previous year and clear the way for good luck from the New Year.

Which color is not allowed and which color is encouraged on Chinese New Year? Why?

Black color is not allowed on the New Year, due to its associated with scaring and warding off bad spirits. Whereas, red color is encouraged due to its association scaring and warding off bad spirits.

What do decorations on doors and windows symbolize?

Decoration on doors and window for the Chinese New Year is customary. It is associated with welcoming good luck, prosperity and good fortune. The word fu is inscribed on them, which refers to luck and glorious future wishes.

What is the significance of New Year’s Eve Dinner?

New Year dinner is of great significance in Chinese customs as it symbolizes bringing good luck. Large dinners typically eight or nine in number, are served to the guests. These numbers signify “prosperity” and “long-lasting”.

What do the little red envelopes filled with money symbolize?

The red color is very significant in Chinese traditions as it is closely associated with good fortune and good spirits. Customarily, on Chinese New Year, little red envelopes filled with money are given that symbolizes wealth and prosperity for the coming year.

What is the importance of Chinese New Year for Chinese families?

Chinese New Year is of great importance for Chinese families as it is a call for families to come together and welcome the good spirits for the coming year. They give thanks for the year that has passed. It is the time for families to strengthen themselves for the coming year.

Bise Swat Class 10 English Notes Cha #01

1. How can people achieve perfection in the moral, spiritual and social areas of life?

Answer:

People can achieve perfection in their moral, spiritual and social areas of life through following Hazrat Muhammad’sﷺ message and guidance. He was truthful and honest in his business dealings as well as very fair and just in setting social disputes. Once there was a conflict arose among people regarding the Black Stone during the reconstruction of Kaa’ba. He ﷺ advised the most equitable plan for the setting of the Black stone which pleased everyone and saved them from tribal conflict.

How did the Holy Prophet ﷺ set high and noble ideals for all mankind?

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 1

Holy Prophet ﷺ set high and noble ideals through his practical life for all mankind. He treated every one justly and fairly according to the principles of Islam. Once a Quraish woman was found guilty of stealing. People of her tribe wanted to save her from punishment in order to protect the tribe’s honor but Hazrat Muhammad very furiously rejected the request and punished her according to the law.

3.  How were people of Makkah convinced of the Holy Prophet’s ﷺ justice even before his Prophethood?

Answer:

The people of Makkah were convinced of Holy Prophet’s ﷺ  Justice before his Prophet Hood because he always had fair and just dealing with all people. During the reconstruction of Kaaba, he solved the dispute so amicably regarding the Black Stone that all were convinced of his honesty and sense of justice.

4.  What standards of justice did the Holy Prophet ﷺ practice as head of the state of Medinah?

Answer:

As the head of the state, he resolved all the cases purely on merit with justice and equity irrespective of color, creed or race. Once a Qureish woman was found guilty of stealing. People of her tribe wanted to save her from punishment in order to protect the tribe’s honor but Hazrat Muhammad very furiously rejected the request and said that the people before were destroyed just because they have treated people unjustly. Poor were punished and rich were forgiven. 

5.  What made non-Muslims bring their suits to the Holy Prophet ﷺ?

Answer:

He decided all the cases purely on merit with justice and equity irrespective of color, creed or race that even the Jews who were his bitter enemies brought their suits to him, and he decided their cases according to the Jewish law.  As Hazrat Muhammad said, “If you judge, judge in equity between them. For God loves those who  judge in equity.”

6.  How does the Quran describe the personality of the Holy Prophet ﷺ?

Answer:

The Holy Quran clearly mentions about him “We have indeed, in the messenger of God, a good example (of conduct) for anyone whose hope is in God and the Final Day.” His life is a perfect example and guidance for everyone, all ages and every field of life.

Related Post:

Leave a Reply