Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2

Class 10 English notes according to Rawalpindi board, & Punjab syllabus Chapter 2 (Chinese New Year) Include review questions, solved exercises, important board questions, Vocabulary, Reading Comprehension, MCQs, and grammar.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2

Vocabulary

Q.1) Give the meaning of each word as used in the lesson.

  • gatherings
  • customary
  • thoroughly
  • commonplace
  • partake
  • traits
  • reinvigorate

Answer:

  • a meeting or get-together; a party or social function
  • commonly practiced, used, or encountered; usual.
  • completely and absolutely
  • anything common or ordinary; customary
  • to participate
  • an identifying characteristic, habits or trends
  • to give new life, energy or strength to someone or something

Q.2) Form a noun from the given words and use the nouns in sentences.

Example:
celebrate – celebration
gather, symbolic, prosper, decorate, encourage
Answer:

  • gather- gathering
    I met her at a gathering of engineers and scientists. 
  • symbolic- symbolism 
    Students discussed the importance of symbolism in the work of art. 
  • prosper- prosperity 
    He will have excellent prosperity ahead of him if he becomes a brain surgeon.
  • decorate-decoration
    They have made their walls with beautiful decorations from abroad. 
  • encourage-encouragement
    He needs a little encouragement to improve his writing.

Q.3) Translate the following paragraph into Urdu.

It is a traditional practice for adults to give children little red envelopes filled with money in order to symbolize wealth and prosperity for the coming year. It is also common for elders to present red packets to unmarried members of the family. Envelopes are not to be opened until the recipient has left the home of the giver.
Answer:

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2
Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2

Reading Comprehension

When does Chinese New Year start?

Chinese year never falls on the same day every year as it follows the lunar calendar that is based on the phases of the moon. It typically falls somewhere between January 21st and February 20th.

Why do Chinese families do a thorough cleaning of their houses before New Year’s Day?

Chinese families do thorough cleaning of their homes before the New Year day so to eradicate any bad luck from the previous year and clear the way for good luck from the New Year.

Which color is not allowed and which color is encouraged on Chinese New Year? Why?

Black color is not allowed on the New Year, due to its associated with scaring and warding off bad spirits. Whereas, red color is encouraged due to its association scaring and warding off bad spirits.

What do decorations on doors and windows symbolize?

Decoration on doors and window for the Chinese New Year is customary. It is associated with welcoming good luck, prosperity and good fortune. The word fu is inscribed on them, which refers to luck and glorious future wishes.

What is the significance of New Year’s Eve Dinner?

New Year dinner is of great significance in Chinese customs as it symbolizes bringing good luck. Large dinners typically eight or nine in number, are served to the guests. These numbers signify “prosperity” and “long-lasting”.

What do the little red envelopes filled with money symbolize?

The red color is very significant in Chinese traditions as it is closely associated with good fortune and good spirits. Customarily, on Chinese New Year, little red envelopes filled with money are given that symbolizes wealth and prosperity for the coming year.

What is the importance of Chinese New Year for Chinese families?

Chinese New Year is of great importance for Chinese families as it is a call for families to come together and welcome the good spirits for the coming year. They give thanks for the year that has passed. It is the time for families to strengthen themselves for the coming year.


Grammar

Q.4) Punctuate the following paragraph.

on the eve of the Chinese new year, it is customary to visit relatives and partake in a large dinner where a number of specific foods are served it is typical for a Chinese family to make eight to nine dishes for the new year s eve dinner because in Chinese the word eight means prosperity and the word nine means long-lasting

Answer:
On the eve of the Chinese New Year, it is customary to visit relatives and partake in a large dinner where a number of specific foods are served. It is typical for a Chinese family to make eight to nine dishes for the New Year’s Eve dinner because in Chinese the word “eight” means “prosperity” and the word “nine” means “long-lasting”.

Q.5) Work in groups and mark hyphens as used in your notebooks. Make corrections in case you have wrongly used the hyphens. 

Answer:
Co-operate
used as coop-erate
Up-to-date used as upto-date
Open-minded used as Open-mind-ed
Six-foot table used as Six-foot-table
Paper-dip used as Paperdip
Cooking-oil used as cookingoil
Water-bottle used as waterbottle
Passer-by used as passerby
sister-in-law
Mother-in-law
Anti-fascits used as antifascits
Ex-wife used as exwife.


Writing Skills

Q.1) Summarize the lesson by arranging the celebrations of “Chinese New Year” chronologically.

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2
Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2

“Chinese New Year”

Chinese New Year is celebrated according to the lunar year usually starts from 21st of January till 20th of February. It is customary to clean the houses thoroughly before the beginning of the New Year which is of great significance. It is associated with warding off bad spirits. For theses days, black color is not allowed. People can wear red color as it is appreciated due to its association with happiness. Houses are decorated with red color wall hangings, and a word FU is written over it which means luck and happiness. They buy flowers to welcome the spring and new beginning.

On the eve of Chinese New Year, families visit each other places to meet and share happiness. It is customary to prepare eight to nine dishes. It is common practice around the country which is customary to be followed. Numbers are associated with their own significant characteristics. Eight symbolizes “prosperity” and “nine” symbolizes “long-lasting”. Elders give red envelops to the children with money in it which are not allowed to open until the guests have left the house.

Every year has an association with twelve animals of Chinese zodiac which is represented in decorations as well. According to their belief, a person born in specific year bore characteristics of the respective animal.

Families get together and gives thanks to the year passed. Chinese New Year celebration has significance as it welcomes the good spirits and ward off the bad spirits.

Q.2) Write an essay on “our cultural festivals”. (220-250 words).

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2
Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 2

Answer:

Society is based on set of culture and norms. It is a way of living life. Pakistan has a very unique and mixed culture in which various cultures from different provinces combines together to form an amalgamation of ethics, norms, values and beliefs which altogether form our charming and attractive national culture.  People celebrate festivals according to their cultures that include Eids, wedding, celebration, births and other social events like Basant. These festivals are great tools to represent these typical cultures which reflect the history and ethnicity of particular area. And one of the most important significance of these festivals is families get together and share meals on these special occasions.

Different festivals are celebrated in Pakistan which has a great importance in the lives of habitant of Pakistan. The whole country celebrates these festivals with great excitement. And these festivals are usually observed same in the whole country.

The main two Islamic festivals are Eid-ul-Fitar and Eid-ul-Azha. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated after observing one month fasting.  It is the day of first Shawwal.  After Eid prayer people exchanged sweet dishes and meet with their relatives and friends. They exchange their happiness with others. This event helps the people to make their relations more powerful, loving and caring.

Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated on the regard of great sacrifice offered by Prophet Abraham and his son Prophet Ismail. Muslims celebrate the event on 10th of Zilhaj in every Islamic year. Animal are sacrificed and meat is distributed among relatives, friends and poor.

Another important social festival which has a great importance in the history of Pakistan is Independence Day observes on 14th of August.  Whole country pays homage and tribute to the people who gave many sacrifices for the built up this country. Many people decorate their houses with flaying flags. Apart from that spring arrival is celebrated with Basant festival that has been adopted from India which does not follow our culture code. But still people consider it very important.

These festivals represent our mind set and our code of conduct. It is better if we stick to our culture and promote it by being its brand ambassador which will give us our unique identity and grandeur around the world.

Read more:

Rawalpindi board English 10th Notes Chapter 1