His First Flight Khyber Pakhtunkhwa textbook board Peshawar class 11 English notes Chapter 2

His First Flight Class 11 English Notes for KPK

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa textbook board Peshawar class 11 English notes Chapter 2 His First Flight, Comprehension, Writing, Vocabulary, Grammar and Transitional Devices, KPK G11 English Chapter 2 (His First Flight).

Why did the young Seagull have to join the company of his family?

The young seagull was all alone on the ledge as his parents and siblings flew away. He was quite hungry and was afraid to make a flight. But he had to join the company of his family to feed him something and also to learn the art of flying.

Why don’t his parents, his brothers and sisters give him food?

His parents, brothers, and sisters don’t give him food because they want the young seagull to muster up courage to make a flight and search his food for himself. The seagull must learn this art of flight as it is necessary for his survival in future. If he does not learn the art of flight then he remains a coward throughout his life, thus depending upon others for food and other necessities.

What was the attitude of the family towards the young Seagull? Was it agreeable to you or not? Explain.

All the family members showed indifferent attitude towards the young seagull. The reason was quite obvious as they wanted him to be brave so they left him in isolation and started taunting him for his cowardice. Yes, such an attitude was agreeable to me as sometimes a person learns better if he had to make decisions on his own or had to perform a difficult task without anyone’s support for his survival.

Describe in your own words the feelings, actions and thoughts of the young Seagull soon after his fall?

At first, the young seagull feels quite dizzy and is about to lose his balance as he thinks his wings are not supporting him. But when he flaps his wings and finds that he is not falling into the sea, he becomes happy and utters a joyous scream. This shows that he is no more frightened with flying now.


What could be the author’s purpose behind writing the story ‘His First Flight?’

The author’s primary purpose of writing the story ‘His First Flight’ is to give his readers one of the important messages that it is really difficult for everyone to take the first step. If a person shows a courageous attitude towards taking the first step then without doubt things become quite easy for him. It is a fact of life that nothing is impossible in this world. What is needed at the most is the positive, valiant attitude towards achieving the goal of life.

Q.6) Compare and contrast the attitude of the family members before and after the flight of the young seagull in ‘His First Flight.’


The attitude of the family members was very much different before and after the flight of the young seagull in ‘His First Flight.’ Before the flight, the family was angry with him and they had left him all alone on the ledge. They threatened him to let him starve unless he flew. When they saw that the young seagull mustered up courage and finally made his first flight then all of them started praising him, and offered him scraps of dogfish. The feelings of joy and pride were easily sensed in the screaming of the parents of the young seagull.

Q.7) Identify the sentence in the first paragraph of ‘His First Flight’ which shows cause and effect.


In the first paragraph of ‘His First Flight’ the sentence which shows cause and effect is:


He felt certain that his wings would never support him, so he bent his head and ran away back to the little hole.

Q.8) Read any paragraph from the text to identify the main idea and the sentences that support the main idea.


In the first paragraph, the main idea is reflected in the sentence “the young seagull was along on his ledge. He had been afraid to fly with them.” The rest of the sentences are quite supportive of the main idea as they are: “All of his brothers and sisters had already flown away. He felt certain that his wings would not support him. He failed to muster up courage to take that plunge. His parents are upbraiding him for he would not move.”

Q.9) Read the second paragraph of the text to identify transitional devices and state their functions.


The transitional devices that have been used by the writer in the second paragraph of the text are since, then and in fact. All these transitional devices are used to maintain coherence in the idea and to convey the message smoothly from one sentence to another.


Writing English notes for class 11

A. Write down your own narrative using human characters by including their actions, spoken words, observations, thoughts and feelings.

An Unpleasant Incident of My Life

One of the unpleasant incidents of my life happened three months back. My father was not feeling well, so I took him to the hospital.

The hospital was full of patients. First, I took the token and then both of us sat on the seats in the waiting area. My father closed his eyes to relax and I took out my mobile to check the messages. In the meanwhile, an elderly man entered the waiting room, there was no place for him to sit so I quickly got up and offered him my own seat.

After five minutes, it was our turn so I held my father firmly and took him to the doctor’s room. After a thorough medical check-up, the doctor said that there was nothing to worry about. He handed me the prescription and suddenly his mobile rang. That reminded me of my mobile. My hands involuntarily searched my pockets but couldn’t find it. My face turned pale as it was the new mobile that I bought just a day before that incident. I hurriedly ran to the place where I was sitting with my father in the waiting room but it was not there. I searched my mobile everywhere but all in vain. My father asked me, “Dear Son, why are you in panic?” First I decided to hide the truth and then I replied and said, “Dad, I have lost my mobile somewhere.”

With a heavy heart, we moved towards the exit door and there I saw the same elderly man again coming towards us. I noticed that he was holding a mobile in his hand that he gave me and said, “Young man, you should take care of your belongings otherwise you have to face losses in your life.” I thanked him with tears of happiness in my eyes. My father too became very happy. From that incident, I learnt a lesson that I should be very cautious about my things


B. Write the summary of the story ‘His First Flight.’

His First Flight Class 11 Summary, Explanation, Questions, and Summary in English by Liam O’Flaherty

The whole story revolved around the young seagull who was left behind on the ledge all alone by his parents, brothers, and sister. They all were flying and diving but he was afraid of flying and couldn’t get the courage to make his first flight. He was quite hungry, he searched for some food but didn’t find anything to eat. At last, he saw his mother with a piece of fish in her beak.

He became excited as if she would be giving him that piece to satisfy his hunger. But her mother sat on the ledge opposite to him, then she flew and came nearer to him. She halted, with her limbs hanging, and wings motionless. The young seagull let out a cry of joy as he thought he would be getting the food. The piece of fish was now within the reach of the seagull. He waited for a moment and then maddened by hunger, he dived at the fish. As soon as he realized that he was in the air, not falling down rather he was soaring gradually downwards and outwards. He was not afraid at that moment, just felt a bit dizzy.

He then flapped his wings again and soared upwards. With that feeling, he uttered a joyous scream to cherish his first flight. On witnessing the effort and courageous act of the young seagull, his parents and siblings too became happy at the first flight of the seagull. All the family members screamed and praised him and offered him scraps of dogfish too as an act of celebration and joy.


A. Use a dictionary to identify the pronunciation of the following words with pronunciation key and then use in sentences.

gnaw/nɔː/My dog likes to gnaw on a bone.
monstrous/ˈmɒnstrəs/In the movie,the monstrous dinosaur trampled through the jungle crushing everything in its path.
derisively/dɪˈrɪzɪvli/Many people were talking derisively about the recent incident.
plateau/ˈplatəʊ/The plateau extends for many miles in the West.
devour/dɪˈvaʊə/The shark devoured the little fishes in the ocean.

B. Write the words related to cooking in front of their meanings.

Sr. NoMeaningsWords
1.mark with knife without cuttingscore
2.take skin off fruit/vegetablepeel
3.cut into cubesdice
4.shake powder through a fine mesh/netsieve
5.massage with handsknead
6.cook in hot waterboil
7.turn heat down to heat slowlysimmer
8.use implement to cut food into shredsgrate
9.cook using hot oil in a panfry
10.cut very roughlychop
11.stir ingredients togethermix
12.cut into thin slices like paperslice
13.cook in oven without oilbake
14.cook in oven with oilroast


A. Write the correct collective noun in front of its meaning and then make sentences.

Sr. No.MeaningsCollective NounsSentences
1.many insectsswarmswarm of bees flew into the nearby garden.
2. many peoplecongregationThe congregation bowed their heads in prayer.
3.many fishshoalshoal of fish swam past the boat.
4.many shipsfleetMy uncle owns a fleet of ship.
5.many papersbundleThe little child tied the papers in a neat bundle.
6.many roomssuiteHe has a suite of rooms in one of the finest hotels of the town.
7.many cardsdeckMy brother gifted me a new deck on my birthday.
8.many knivessetYesterday my mother bought a set of knives for the kitchen.

B. Choose the correct verb. Mind the noun (singular or plural)

1. Ladies and gentlemen. Here is/are the news.
2. Where is/are my shoes?
3. Further information is/are available in the office.
4. The stairs is/are over there.
5. The furniture in our classroom is/are uncomfortable.
6. Pakistan is/are a very nice country.
7.Your sunglasses is/are on the table.
8. Homework is/are boring.
9. The scissors on the table is/are mine.
10. Physics is/are not easy.


1. is
2. are
3. is
4. are
5. is
6. is
7. are
8. is
9. are
10. is

C. Use the following words in sentences. Once as a singular nouns and then as a plural nouns.

WordsSentences with Singular NounsSentences with Plural Nouns
oxThe ox is grazing in the field.The farming is ploughing his land with his oxen.
roofThe roof of the house is painted red.The earthquake collapsed the roofs of many houses.
potatoPotato is the most liked vegetable of the children. I like to have mashed potatoes with chicken steak.
partyYesterday, I attended the birthday party of my cousin.Many political parties are in opposition to the government policies.
deerThe lion hunts the poor deer.He owns three deers and two ponies.
chiefThe chief of the tribe is an arrogant man.The meeting is attended by the chiefs of all the departments.
photoI pasted the photo in my scrapbook.I like to take photos of natural scenery.
seriesThe new drama series is based on children rape incidents.
wifeHis wife is a graceful lady.The king had four wives and twenty concubines. 
brother-in-lawMy brother-in-law lives in Sweden.Out of his three brothers-in-law, the eldest one died last year. 
lifeMy mother’s life is an example of courage and hard work.A cat has nine lives.
familyMy family comprises of six members. Many Muslim families migrated to Pakistan after partition.
boyThe little boy plucks the flowers.The boys like to play football in the rain. 
houseMy house has four rooms.All the houses in my street has fruit trees.
cityKarachi is the biggest city of Pakistan.People are migrating to the cities due to more facilities.
manMy father is a man of principles. All men are equal in the eyes of Allah.
childThe little child fell in the well.Children are singing a merry song. 
sandwichI like to eat chicken sandwich.We ordered sandwiches with coffee.
nurseMy sister-in-law is a nurse.The doctors and nurses of the general hospital are on strike.
shelfMy mother arranged the books in the shelf.Please dust the shelves properly.

Chapter 1 Responsibilities of the Youth

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