Federal 10th English Notes Chapter 2 Chinese New Year.
Vocabulary Chinese New Year FBISE Notes 2021
Q.1) Give the meaning of each word as used in the lesson.
- a meeting or get-together; a party or social function
- commonly practiced, used, or encountered; usual.
- completely and absolutely
- anything common or ordinary; customary
- to participate
- an identifying characteristics, habits or trends
- to give new life, energy or strength to someone or something
Q.2) Form a noun from the given words and use the nouns in sentences.
celebrate – celebration
gather, symbolic, prosper, decorate, encourage
- gather- gathering
I met her at a gathering of engineers and scientists.
- symbolic- symbolism
Students discussed the importance of symbolism in work of arts.
- prosper- prosperity
He will have an excellent prosperity ahead of him if he becomes a brain surgeon.
They have made their walls with beautiful decorations from abroad.
He needs a little encouragement to improve his writing.
Q.3) Translate the following paragraph into Urdu.
It is a traditional practice for adults to give children little red envelopes filled with money in order to symbolize wealth and prosperity for the coming year. It is also common for elders to present red packets to unmarried members of the family. Envelopes are not to be opened until the recipient has left the home of the giver.
Reading Comprehension FBISE
Q.2) Answer the following questions.
When does Chinese New Year start?
Chinese year never falls on the same day every year as it follows the lunar calendar that is based on the phases of the moon. It typically falls somewhere between January 21st and February 20th.
ii) Why do Chinese families do a thorough cleaning of their houses before New Year’s Day?
Chinese families do a thorough cleaning of their homes before the New Year day to eradicate any bad luck from the previous year and clear the way for good luck from the New Year.
iii) Which colour is not allowed and which colour is encouraged on Chinese New Year? Why?
The black colour is not allowed on the New Year, due to its associated with scarring and warding off bad spirits. Whereas, red colour is encouraged due to its association scaring and warding off bad spirits.
iv) What do decorations on doors and windows symbolize?
The decoration on doors and windows for the Chinese New Year is customary. It is associated with welcoming good luck, prosperity and good fortune. The word fu is inscribed on them, which refers to luck and glorious future wishes.
v) What is the significance of New Year’s Eve Dinner?
New Year dinner is of great significance in Chinese customs as it symbolizes bringing good luck. Large dinners typically eight or nine in number, are served to the guests. These numbers signify “prosperity” and “long-lasting”.
vi) What do the little red envelopes filled with money symbolize?
The red colour is very significant in Chinese traditions as it is closely associated with good fortune and good spirits. Customarily, on Chinese New Year, little red envelopes filled with money are given that symbolizes wealth and prosperity for the coming year.
vii) What is the importance of Chinese New Year for Chinese families?
Chinese New Year is of great importance for Chinese families as it is a call for families to come together and welcome the good spirits for the coming year. They give thanks for the year that has passed. It is time for families to strengthen themselves for the coming year.
Writing Skills FBISE English Class X Notes 2021
Q.1) Summarize the lesson by arranging the celebrations of “Chinese New Year” chronologically.
“Chinese New Year”
Chinese New Year is celebrated according to the lunar year usually starts from 21st of January till the 20th of February. It is customary to clean the houses thoroughly before the beginning of the New Year which is of great significance. It is associated with warding off bad spirits. These days, the black colour is not allowed.
People can wear red colour as it is appreciated due to its association with happiness. Houses are decorated with red colour wall hangings, and a word FU is written over it which means luck and happiness. They buy flowers to welcome the spring and new beginning.
On the eve of Chinese New Year, families visit each other’s places to meet and share happiness. It is customary to prepare eight to nine dishes. It is a common practice around the country which is customary to be followed. Numbers are associated with their significant characteristics. Eight symbolizes “prosperity” and “nine” symbolizes “long-lasting”. Elders give red envelopes to the children with money in it which are not allowed to open until the guests have left the house.
Every year has an association with twelve animals of the Chinese zodiac which is represented in decorations as well. According to their belief, a person born in a specific year bore characteristics of the respective animal.
Families get together and give thanks to the year passed. Chinese New Year celebration has significance as it welcomes the good spirits and wards off the bad spirits.
Q.2) Write an essay on “our cultural festivals”. (220-250 words)
Society is based on a set of culture and norms. It is a way of living life. Pakistan has a very unique and mixed culture in which various cultures from different provinces combine to form an amalgamation of ethics, norms, values and beliefs which together form our charming and attractive national culture. People celebrate festivals according to their cultures that include Eids, weddings, celebrations, births and other social events like Basant.
These festivals are great tools to represent these typical cultures which reflect the history and ethnicity of a particular area. And one of the most important significances of these festivals is families get together and share meals on these special occasions.
Different festivals are celebrated in Pakistan which has great importance in the lives of inhabitants of Pakistan. The whole country celebrates these festivals with great excitement. And these festivals are usually observed the same in the whole country.
The main two Islamic festivals are Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Azha. Eid-ul-Fitr is celebrated after observing the one-month of fasting. It is the day of the first Shawwal. After Eid prayer, people exchange sweet dishes and meet with their relatives and friends. They exchange their happiness with others. This event helps the people to make their relations more powerful, loving and caring.
Eid-ul-Adha is celebrated in the regard of the great sacrifice offered by Prophet Abraham and his son Prophet Ismail. Muslims celebrate the event on 10th of Zil Hajj in every Islamic year. Animals are sacrificed and meat is distributed among relatives, friends and the poor.
Another important social festival which has great importance in the history of Pakistan is Independence Day observed on the 14th of August. The whole country pays homage and tribute to the people who gave many sacrifices for the built upcountry. Many people decorate their houses with flying flags. Apart from that spring arrival is celebrated with a Basant festival that has been adopted from India which does not follow our culture code. But still, people consider it very important.
These festivals represent our mindset and our code of conduct. It is better if we stick to our culture and promote it by being its brand ambassador which will give us our unique identity and grandeur around the world.