Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education English 10th Notes Chapter 13 Faithfulness

Class X English Notes Chapter 13 Faithfulness Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Islamabad.

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English 10th Notes Chapter 13 Faithfulness

Vocabulary

Q.1) ‘To endanger’ is a verb from danger. Write down five verbs with the prefix “en” and use these words in sentences.

Answer:

  1. Enable:  The evidence would enable us to arrive at firm conclusions.
  2. Enact:    The King enacts more wonders than a man.
  3. Enrage:   The students were enraged at these new rules.
  4. Endure:  The old man endured years of pain but never complained. 
  5. Engage:   The new novel engaged his attention and interest.

Q.2) Give the meaning of the following phrasal verbs and use these phrasal verbs in sentences.

  • With all my strength
  • to call to account
  • to hand over
  • as usual
  • no sign of
  • to have its course

Answer:

meaningsentences
with all my powerI lifted up the heavy metal box with all my strength.
to hold answerable forSoon, they will call us to account for the behavior of children.
pass responsibility to someone else.The suspect has now been handed over to the authority.
as commonly or habitually happensAs usual, I slept late that Saturday morning. 
does not show or appearThe train was on time, but there was no sign of my friend in it.
to continue along its wayThe law will have its course and the wrongdoers will be punished. 

Q.3) Use the following in sentences as verbs and nouns.

  • fall
  • lead
  • control
  • grant
  • stand
  • mind
  • demand

Answer:

fallHer hair were allowed to fall to the shoulders. (v.)I witnessed the fall of darkness, as I reached the shore. (n.)
leadA path through the park leads to the beach.(v)The runner took his lead from first. (n.)
controlHe controlled the company’s marketing strategy quite responsibly. (v)He lost control of his car and ran over a tree. (n) 
grantHe was granted permission to open a store in school.I got a grant from the government to study history in Egypt. (n)
standThe building stood upright on the hill. (v)They took a firm stand against copyright infrigments. (n)
mindI don’t mind admitting I was worried.(v)A lot of thoughts ran through my mind.(n)
demandThey demanded for the arrest of criminals on early priority.(v)He’s got enough demands on his time already.(n)

Q.4) Translate paragraph 5 into Urdu.

Answer:

Translate paragraph 5 into Urdu

Reading Comprehension FBISE Notes Faithfulness

Q.1) Answer the following questions.

What case did the young men bring to Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم?

Faithfulness

The young man brought a case to Hazrat Umar (R.A) by holding a strong and well-built countryman. He complained to Hazrat Umar (R.A) that the person had murdered his old father. They asked the Caliph to decide the case in favour of him and put forward a demand to punish the murderer for his crime with justice.

Why did the old man hurl a stone at the camel?

Faithfulness

When the villager reached the garden along with his camel. The camel ate a few hanging leaves from the branch of the tree. When the old man saw that, he hurled a stone with all his might at the camel and that severely hurt it on its head and the camel died.

Why did the villager ask Hazrat Umar Farooq رضي الله عنهم to delay the execution?

Faithfulness

The villager asked Hazrat Umar (R.A) to delay the execution because his father left some gold that he buried in the earth in the fields and no one knows the place. He had to give his younger brother his due share that’s why he wanted to go back and hand over that gold to a trustee so his brother would get his due share after his death otherwise if his brother did not get then he would get punishment on the Day of Judgment.

On what condition was the criminal allowed to leave?

Faithfulness

The criminal was allowed to leave on a condition that he had to appoint someone as his surety, a person who would be willing to suffer death if he failed to return. The criminal selected Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as his surety. On getting acceptance from Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) for standing as a surety for the criminal, he was allowed to leave.

Why were Sahabas رضي الله عنهمworried?

Faithfulness

The Sahabs (R.A) were worried because of Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he became the surety for the villager. The villager requested for three days delay in his execution. It was the third day when the villager didn’t return. At that moment, all the Sahabas (R.A) became anxious for the life of their beloved friend Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffari (R.A) as he had to give his life if the villager was unable to reach that day on time.

Why did the accusers forgive the villager?

Faithfulness

When the villager returned to the court of the Caliph in time, everyone was astonished at the honesty and faithfulness of the villager as he had a golden chance to run away to save his life but he came back. Being impressed by the good moral character, honesty, and faithfulness of the villager, the accusers forgave him wholeheartedly and also refused to take the blood money from him.


Grammar FBISE Class X Notes Cha 13 Faithfulness

Q.2) Combine the following sets of simple sentences to make compound sentences.

1. It rained for three days. The streets in my neighborhood flooded.
2. Kareem completed his homework. He put it in his binder.
3. Haris mowed the lawn. He earned hundred rupees.
4. Neelum doesn’t like seafood. She doesn’t like cabbage.
5. My pencil was broken. I borrowed one from Bushra.
6. I like apples. I like pears more.
7. Eight people got into the elevator. It was crowded. Three people got off.
8. Sara gathered the pictures. She could arrange them in a special album for her family.
Answer:

1.       It rained for three days, so the streets in my neighborhood flooded.
2.Kareem completed his homework and he put it in his binder.
3.Haris mowed the lawn and he earned hundred rupees.
4.Neelum doesn’t like seafood, nor does she like cabbage.
5.My pencil was broken so I borrowed one from Bushra.
6.I like apples, but I like pears more.
7.Eight people got into the elevator, but it was crowded, so three people got off.
8.Sara gathered the pictures so she could arrange them in a special album for her family.

Q.3) Combine the following sets of simple sentences to make complex sentences.

1.  I did not go to the meeting. I was sick.
2. You may be wrong. I cannot say.
3. He worked hard day and night. He did not wish to fail.
4. The examination ended. The students went home.
5. Their progress was slow. They were tired.
6. You should overlook his fault. It would be an act of generosity on your part.
7. We found him in the house. He had formerly lived in that house.
8. The boy gave an explanation of his misconduct. The explanation was not accepted by the headmaster.
Answer:

1.         I did not go to the meeting because I was sick.
2.You may be wrong eventhough I cannot say.
3.He worked hard day and night because he did not wish to fail.
4.The examination ended so they students went home.
5.Their progress was slow because they were tired.
6.You should overlook his fault as it would be an act of generosity on your part.
7.We found him in the house because he had formerly lived in that house.
8.The boy gave an explanation of his misconduct but his explanation was not accepted by the headmaster.

Q.4) Read the following sentences. Circle subordinating conjunctions, underline independent clauses and put commas after dependent clauses.
Example: (Although) I hate tea parties, I went to please my mother.

1. While I am attending school I can work part-time so that I can save money.
2. So that I could go to college my parents worked hard and saved money.
3. If the motor will not start we will have to find a mechanic as soon as possible.
4. Although the blue jacket was on sale I did not buy it.
5. When the school bell rang the children left the classroom.
6. Since he had no luggage with him it seemed odd for him to be on the road.
7. Even after the fire was out there was a great deal of cleanup to do.


Answer:
1. (While) I am attending school, I can work part-time so that I can save money.
2. (So) that I could go to college, my parents worked hard and saved money.
3. (If) the motor will not start, we will have to find a mechanic as soon as possible.
4. (Although) the blue jacket was on sale, I did not buy it.
5. (When) the school bell rang, the children left the classroom.
6. (Since) he had no luggage with him, it seemed odd for him to be on the road.
7. (Even) after the fire was out, there was a great deal of cleanup to do.

Q.5) Change from the direct into the indirect speech.

“I was leading my beloved camel …………  and I surrendered myself to them.”

Answer:
The man said that he was leading his beloved camel. When he had reached a garden and halted to rest, the camel nipped a few leaves off the hanging branch of the tree. The old man on seeing that , had hurled a stone at the camel with all his might. The stone had caught the camel on the side of the the head. It had reeled and fell down dead. The camel had been very dear to him. He could not control his anger, so he took a stone that had killed his dear camel and hurled it at the old man with all his strength. The stone had hit the old man on the head and subsequently killed him. At that, those two young men had come to him and he surrendered himself to them.

Q.6) Rewrite each sentence. Put quotation marks at appropriate places.


Example:  Spring, Sohail said, is my favorite time of year. “Spring,” Sohail said, “is my favorite time of year.”

1. Do you think it’s okay, asked Ali, if I wear this dress to school tomorrow?
2. If you had to guess, said Mr. Tariq, who would you say is my favorite author?
3. I will call you after I get home, Irum said, and we can discuss our science experiment together.
4. We’ll be eating supper in about an hour, said mother, so don’t eat any more snacks.
5. We need to fertilize the lawn today, said father, since it’s supposed to rain tomorrow.


Answer:
1. “Do you think it’s okay,” asked Ali, “if I wear this dress to school tomorrow?”
2. “If you had to guess,” said Mr. Tariq, “who would you say is my favourite author?”
3.” I will call you after I get home,” Irum said, “and we can discuss our science experiment together.”
4. “We’ll be eating supper in about an hour,” said mother, “so don’t eat any more snacks.”
5. “We need to fertilize the lawn today,” said father, “since it’s supposed to rain tomorrow.”


Writing Skills FBISE Notes Class X Faithfulness

Q.1) Write the character sketch of the villager.

Answer:
The villager was an honest man, different from the others. He was the man of his words. He had returned to the court in time, fully knowing that he could be killed. He not only risked losing his life, but also saved life of Hazrat Abu zar Ghaffar (R.A). He showed his honesty by returning precious gold to his brother. He wanted to die in honor.

Q.2) Summarize the story with the help of mind map given below.

Summarize the story with the help of mind map given below

Answer:
Two men brought a villager to Hazrat Umar (R.A). He was accused of killing their father. They wanted to seek justice. Hazrat Umar (R.A) listened to both the parties. It was decided to sentence the villager to death on fair grounds, as the killer himself had confessed his crime.  

The villager accepted the penalty and requested to delay the execution for three days. He gave explanation for his request of the delay, as he had to return the gold to his brother left by their father after his death. He promised that he would return as soon as he hands over the gold. Hazrat Umar (R.A) accepted the request on a condition to stand someone as surety who will be willing to suffer death if he failed to return.

The villager pointed Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) to stand as a surety who agreed to the condition. He was allowed to leave after the accusers accepted the condition as well. It was on the third day that the accuser and surety were presented in the mosque of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) but the villager had not returned yet. Only an hour was left that the accusers came to Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar and demanded to produce the villager. He (R.A) assured them of the return of the villager but in case if he failed, he was ready to face the death.

The court was anxious as the time was coming nearer. It was then, that the villager reached the court all perspiring and demanded to be slayed down. All the people in the court were astonished by the honesty of the villager. Hazrat Abuzar Ghaffar (R.A) then addressed the Caliph how could he not refuse to the villager to stand as his surety when he had selected him. Everyone in the court witnessed villager’s honesty that the accusers in the court forgiven the criminal and let him live.


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