Selecting the Right Career FBISE Notes Chapter 9

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Notes Class X Chapter 9 2021

Vocabulary

Q.A) Give meaning of each word as used in the lesson.

  • disciplines
  • flooded
  • scope
  • significance
  • trends
  • pathway

Answer:

  • a branch of knowledge, typically one studied in higher education.
  • fill or suffuse completely
  • the opportunity or possibility to do or deal with something.
  • the quality of being worthy of attention; importance.
  • general development in a situation and the way people are thinking. 
  • a way of achieving a specified result; a course of action

Q.B) Use these words in sentences.

  • advantageous
  • innovative
  • rewarding
  • aptitude
  • considerations

Answer:

  • Our scheme of study has a wide scope, and it is advantageous for many students. 
  • They always appreciate innovative ideas in their work.
  • Book writing can be an intellectual and financially rewarding activity.
  • They always prefer students with an aptitude for painting and drawing.
  • These basic considerations serve to explain the moon and other satellites.

Q.C) Identify the difference between these terms after consulting the dictionary.

  • degree
  • certificate
  • diploma
  • course

Answer:

  • An academic degree is the state of recognized completion of studies at a school or university. i.e bachelors degree, masters degree, medical degree, law degree etc. 
  • An academic certificate is a document that certifies that a person has received specific education or has passed a test or series of tests. i.e, Secondary School Certificate, Certificate of Higher Education etc.
  • diploma is generally issued in recognition of having satisfactorily completed the prescribed course of studies. i.e diploma in TEFL, diploma in House management etc.
  • Course is a complete series of studies. i.e. laboratory course, English course etc.

Q.D) Give a name to each of the following persons.

1. A person who reports for a newspaper.                        ________
2. A person who introduces performers at a concert.  ___________
3. A person who takes charge of a school.                    __________
4. A person who gives evidence in the court.                 __________
5. A person who repairs boots and shoes.                     __________
6. A person who is skilled in the science of plants.      ____________
7. A person who designs buildings.                            ____________

Answer:
1. A reporter
2. A compere/host
3. A headmaster/ headmistress/ principal
4. A witness
5. A cobbler
6. A botanist
7. An architect


Reading Comprehension Fbise English Notes X 2021

Q.A) Answer the following questions.

What were some famous careers for young people in the past?

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Noes Chapter 9

People in past were more attracted towards medical, engineering and becoming pilots. These jobs were thought to be rewarding both in terms of respect and money. This was the only reason, students were not exploring other opportunities.

Nowadays non-traditional careers are more appealing to young minds? Why?

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Noes Chapter 9

Nowadays, non-traditional careers are more appealing to young minds because young generation is quite eager to have new challenges and experiences in their life that’s why they want to pursue such careers which give them inner satisfaction according to their interest and at the same time offer them a profitable livelihood too in the life to come.

What is meant by the “right profession”?

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Noes Chapter 9

Right profession means a career that is not only selected by keeping in view the interest, aptitude or abilities of an individual but it should meet market demand and trends too. In this way, it gives a sense of inner satisfaction to a person as well as becomes a source of perfect earning for the individual.

Why is it important to consider the scope of any field?

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Noes Chapter 9

It is very important to consider the scope of any field before opting for it. The reason behind is the market demand and hiring trends. If a person selects such career that is not in demand in the market then it is quite difficult for him to get a good job as his education or qualification is outdated or not according to the latest trends of the market.

Is there any need of proper career counselling department? Why?

Selecting the Right Career FBISE Noes Chapter 9

Yes, there is a genuine need for proper career counseling department as this provides the appropriate guideline to the students as well as to their parents about selecting the right career according to the interest, aptitude, and abilities of the student and also by focusing on the scope of that specific profession in the years to come. In this way, time, energy and resources of the students and their parents are not wasted in case of students’ failure in any of the unwanted or forced discipline.

How can career counsellors help young people?

Career counselors help the young people in selecting the best possible career for them by giving proper guidelines about the market demand and trends that would be helpful for young people in getting a suitable job after finishing their professional education.

Which career do you want to opt for? Give reasons.

My favorite profession is teaching as it is saints’ job. The profession of teaching not only grooms the personality of a person but offers a wealth of knowledge and information to the teacher. Another reason is that I am a social animal and like to communicate with others, therefore, I believe that the teaching profession gives a chance to fulfill this need of mine along with gaining professional expertise.

Read more: Peace Federal G10 English Notes Chapter 8


Grammar FBISE Notes Class Matric

Q.A) Pick out the noun clause in each sentence.

1. I often wonder how you are getting on.
2. She replied that she would come.
3. I went to see what had happened.
4. He noticed that the dock had stopped.
5. He could not decide whom he should address first.

Answer:
1. I often wonder how you are getting on.
2. She replied that she would come.
3. I went to see what had happened.
4. He noticed that the dock had stopped.
5. He could not decide whom he should address first.

Q.B) Rewrite each sentence, changing the noun clause into a noun phrase introduced by an infinity.

Example
I know where I can find it.
I know where to find it.

1. They warned him that he should not deceive them.
2. We discuss how we could improve matters.
3. She learnt how she should use the machine.
4. The child did not know how he can reach home.
5. The class discussed what they should make for the fun-fair.


Answer:

  • They warned him not to deceive them.
  • We discuss how to improve matters.
  • She learnt how to use the machine.
  • The child did not know how to reach home.
  • The class discussed what to make for the fun-fair.

Q.D) Answer these questions using the present perfect continuous tense.

Example: Why are you so tired?
I am so tired because I have been working for hours.

1. Why are you wearing joggers?
    _______________________________________.
2. Why haven’t you finished your work yet?
    _______________________________________.
3. Why are you looking pale?
    _______________________________________.
4. Why hasn’t he seen you for so long?
   ________________________________________.
5. Why are you yawning so much?
   _________________________________________.
6. Why are you working so hard?
   _________________________________________.

Answer:

  1. I am wearing joggers because I have been facing pain in my heels. 
  2. I haven’t finished my work yet because I have been working on some other project.
  3. I am looking pale because I have not been taking medicines regularly.
  4. He hasn’t seen me for so long because I have been studying for my examination.  
  5. I am yawning so much because I have not been taking proper sleep for a long time.
  6. I am working so hard because I have been planning to get admission in the top medical college.

Writing Skills FBISE Notes Part- 2 10th

Q.B) Write a precis of paragraph 5.

Answer
Career counselors are well informed of the existing trends in education so they guide student towards a rewarding profession. They give their best suggestion to the students, keeping in view the caliber and aptitude of the students. This is profession of high demand especially in schools, where a 14-15 years student cannot decide the subject he wants to opt is appropriate for him or not. These counselors help students in making future decisions.

Q.C) Write an essay on “My Favourite Career”. (220-250 words).

Answer
“Science is about knowing, engineering is about doing”.
I am impressed by the feats of engineers since my young age. I want to become an engineer because my interest lies in physics and mathematics. Problem-solving is an integral element of engineering, and one of my major strength. It is a versatile profession, working for the betterment of life and has a better career prospect than any other profession.
The things that seem to fascinate me to be an engineer is the complexity of the problems and the way they provide the solution to the problems. They provide what method to apply in order to produce the most elegant solution. They have to think creatively. These sorts of problems exist all over the place and consequently, my interest in problem-solving and creative thinking goes well beyond the walls of the classroom.


There are amazing job options and employment prospects. Using the knowledge of engineering, I want to solve and analyze different problems. I have chosen this field because I want to use my skills for the benefits of society. They have an influence on every field of work. They invent medical tools to facilitate in surgeries and different types of machinery to speed up the industrial work. Engineers open the door to a better future.


Another major drawcard of being a professional engineer is that engineering is a global profession. It is needed everywhere in the world, hence provides a great opportunity to get jobs anywhere around the world.
Engineers are meant not to just please themselves but also others – since they are the one who will help people towards a better life. Therefore, to be an engineer would be a great honour for me.

Read more: Little By Little One Walks Far FBISE Notes Chapter 7

Q.D) Complete the following statements by choosing the appropriate words from the box.

Q.D Complete the following statements by choosing the appropriate words from the box.
  1.   __________  is the place for the writer to handwrite their name.
  2.  The recipient’s name, company name, and address are called ________________.
  3.  The purpose of the letter is included in the___________ ,
  4.   ‘Sincerely’ is an example of a__________ .
  5.  The last line in a business letter is the___________ .
  6.  The__________ shows when the letter is written.
  7.   The___________is the address of the letter writer.
  8.   Dear Mr. Rehman is a___________ .

Answer:

  1. signature
  2. inside address
  3. body
  4. complimentary closing
  5. write’s name
  6. date
  7. return address
  8. salutation

Q.E) Identify parts of the formal letter given below.

Sample formal letter house No.5, Street No.10
Johar Town, LahoreMarch 20, 20132
Mr. Abdul Rehman
10-H Blue Area, Islamabad
Dear Mr. Rehman,I am applying for the Technical Writer’s position advertised in June 2012, Magazine. My relevant experience is diverse and establishes me as a first-class candidate for this opportunity.
My writing experience is extensive. I am currently employed as a staff technical writer for a local company. My past work experience includes business and freelance writing and editing. At my current employer, I draft technical descriptions of products for the company website. Additionally, I edit fiction manuscripts for an online e-book publishing company. Specifically, I edit for overall flow, content, grammar and spelling. In my editing role, I have regular interaction with authors and the publisher. I am available for an interview scheduled at your convenience.
Thank you for your consideration.
Sincerely,
Saeed Zafar


Answer:
i) House No.5, Street No.10
    Johar Town, Lahore  (Returning Address)
ii) March 20, 2013 (Date)
iii) Mr. Abdul Rehman  (Address of recipient)
 10-H Blue Area, Islamabad
iv)Dear Mr. Rehman, (Salutation)
v) I am applying for the Technical Writer’s position advertised in June, (Body of letter)
2012, Magazine. My relevant experience is diverse and establishes me as a first-class candidate for this opportunity. My writing experience is extensive. I am currently employed as a staff technical writer for a local company. My past work experience includes business and freelance writing and editing. At my current employer, I draft technical descriptions of products for the company website. Additionally, I edit fiction manuscripts for an online e-book publishing company. Specifically, I edit for overall flow, content, grammar and spelling. In my editing role, I have regular interaction with authors and the publisher. I am available for an interview scheduled at your convenience.
Thank you for your consideration.
vi) Sincerely,  (complimentary close)
vii) Saeed Zafar  (your name) 

Q.F) Write an application to the Managing Director of a firm for the post of Manager.


Answer:

                                                                                                           Block 6C,
                                                                                                           Feroozsons  Plaza
                                                                                                           F-6 Markaz, Islamabad
September 06, 2015
Block 23, Street 41
G-8 Markaz, Islamabad

Subject:  Application for the Post of Manager
Dear Sir,
With reference to your job advertisement, published in The News on 6th September 2015, I have come to know about the vacant post at your firm. I would like to express my interest in applying for your vacant managerial position.  I have done my Masters in Management Science from Quaid-e-Azam university in 2009. I have attended workshops organized by AIOU regarding management plans. I have done my internship at the same university and currently working as an Assistant.
The vacancy has a definite correlation with my practical knowledge and experiences as a manager. I am a driven and focused individual who knows how to set goals and achieve them. I possess an excellent track record of motivating and supervising staff, managing performance, controlling expenditure and running efficient administrative systems.
In view of the above, I will be highly gratified if you consider me for this important position.

I thank you for your time and I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours Sincerely,
X.Y.Z.