Class 11 English Notes Chapter 7

Class 11 English Notes Chapter 7 for Punjab and Rawalpindi board, MCQs, True / False, Match the Columns, Grammar, Questions Answers, and 1st Year FSc Part-1 notes.

Class 11 English Notes Chapter 7

i. What was the condition of the parents on the arrival of the doctor?

Answer:
When the doctor arrived, he noticed that the parents were disturbed about the health of their daughter. Her mother looked upset and her father was also worried.

ii. What was the behaviour of the child with the doctor?

Answer:
The child’s behaviour with the doctor was quite rude and unfriendly. She looked at him with cold, steady eyes and expressionless face. She behaved like an indecent child who needed control and training.

iii. She had a fever for three days, hadn’t she?

Answer:
Yes, the girl had had a fever for three days. Her face showed that she was still having fever.

iv. Did the girl change her expression when the doctor said, “Does your throat hurt you?”

Answer:
No, the girl did not change her expression when the doctor asked if her throat hurt. She kept staring at him with a cold expression in her eyes.

v. Why did the doctor call the sick girl by her first name?

Answer:
The doctor called the girl with her name in order to convince her of his politeness. He addressed her in a kind and friendly manner so that she might open her mouth and let him examine her throat.

vi. Did the sick girl promptly respond to the instruction of the doctor?

Answer:
The sick girl did not respond to the instruction of the doctor promptly. She did not open her mouth and continued to remain motionless with a still expression on her face until the doctor employed the technique of throat culture in order to examine her throat.

vii. Why did the parents rebuke her?

Answer:
The parents of the sick girl rebuked her because she was reluctant to open her mouth to let the doctor examine her throat. She resisted aggressively and even broke his glasses as he approached her. They were ashamed of her this misconduct and disobedience of hers.  

viii. What was the threat of the doctor to the child if she did not show her throat?

Answer:
The doctor warned the girl that if she did not let him examine her throat, she could possibly die if she had diphtheria. He also threatened her that he would have to make the use of force to be able to examine her throat if she did not open her mouth herself.

ix. Why did she break the wooden blade?

Answer:
Mathilda gripped the wooden blade between her molars and broke it into pieces because she was afraid it might hurt her throat. She resisted the doctor in order to escape the painful treatment.

x. What was the condition of the tonsils of the sick girl? 

Answer:
The condition of the tonsils of the sick girl was chronic. Both her tonsils were covered with the membrane. This made it clear that she was suffering from diphtheria.

Q 4. Answer the following questions in 50 – 100 words.
i.  How did the child look by appearance?

Answer:
The child was “fully dressed” and had been portrayed as an introvert who was “inwardly, quiet”. She was an attractive little kid who had beautiful blond hair and was “as strong as heifer” in appearance. She appeared like one of those pictures of children that featured in advertising leaflets and photograph sections of Sunday newspapers.

ii.  Why did the parents keep the sick child in the kitchen?

Answer:
The parents kept the sick child in the kitchen in order to keep her warm because their house was damp sometimes. Since she was having fever since three days, they had to keep her in a warm place so the girl was resting in her father’s lap in the kitchen when the doctor arrived.

iii. How did the doctor succeed in examining her throat?

Answer:
The doctor succeeded in examining the throat of the child after a lot of effort. Firstly, he had to insert a wooden spatula in the sick girl’s mouth which she broke into pieces and later he made use of a silver spoon at the back of her teeth in order to force her mouth open wide. Finally, he was able to see her tonsils covered with membrane.  

iv.  Describe the feelings of the doctor in his struggle to diagnose the disease.

Answer:
Although the doctor exhibited his best professional behaviour in the beginning of the story, but his behaviour changed as he struggled to diagnose the disease that the child was suffering from. Lack of cooperation from the child’s side and her continuous resistance towards the medical examination aggravated the doctor’s anger. He had to make use of force eventually in order to open the mouth of the child to be able to examine her throat. 

v.  Compare and contrast the conduct of a healthy child and a sick child.

Answer:
The conduct of a healthy child is usually in complete contrast to the conduct of a sick child. A healthy child is usually friendly and obedient and remains active whereas a sick child becomes stubborn, unruly, and rude at times and misbehaves with people around him because he is unable to play and enjoy. A healthy child, if well-kept is usually comfortable with routine medical examination as opposed to a sick child who often gets upset and is reluctant to have a medical examination. The former exhibits gentle behavior most of the time whereas the latter is often moody, sensitive, and prone to aggression.

vi. Under what circumstances can the use of force be justified?

Answer:
The use of force is justified only in case of certain circumstances when the gravity of the situation rises to such an extent that the life of a person is at stake. In the story, “The Use of Force”, the doctor employed the technique of “throat culture” as the last resort after making several attempts to convince the sick girl to open her mouth, but she continuously resisted to get herself examined. The girl’s life was in danger as the doctor and her parents were apprehensive that she might be suffering from the deadly disease which was very common among the students of her school. So we can say that use of force is not justifiable in general but when the life of a person is in potential danger, use of force becomes inevitable.


Grammar & Composition

Q 5. Write down the correct form of the verb in each sentence.

i. When I (arrive) I (meet) my mother.
ii. I (motion) for him not to bother.
iii. I (move) my chair a little nearer.
iv. She (knock) my glasses flying and they (fall).
v. I (explain) the danger.
vi. They (grow) more and more (crush).
vii. Then she (shriek) terrifyingly.
viii. Then I (grasp) the child’s head with my left hand.
ix. She (open) up her mouth for an instant.
x. She (reduce) it to splinters before I (can) get it out again.

Answer:
i. When I arrived I met my mother.
ii. I motioned for him not to bother.
iii. I moved my chair a little nearer.
iv. She knocked my glasses flying and they fell.
v.  I explained the danger.
vi. They grew more and more crushed.
vii. Then she shrieked terrifyingly.
viii. Then I grasped the child’s head with my left hand.
ix. She opened up her mouth for an instant.
x. She reduced it to splinters before I could get there. 


Q 6. Punctuate the following lines.

does your throat hurt you added the mother to the child but the little girl s expression didn’t change nor did she move her eyes from my face.

Answer:
 “Does your throat hurt you?” added the mother to the child. But the little expression didn’t change nor did she move her eyes from my face.

Q 7. Use the following words in your sentences.

start, motion, trust, magnificent, leaflet

Answer:
i. We should start preparing for the English test as soon as possible.
ii. After seeing the traffic sergeant, he started driving the car in slow motion.
iii. Whoever is careless with small matters cannot be trusted on important matters.
iv. He was mesmerized by the sight of the magnificent architecture of the mosque.
v. Information leaflets were distributed among the audience in the theater before the play began. 

Q 9. Use the following phrasal verbs in your sentences.

i. sit on

ii. sit in
iii. come from

iv. come off

Answer:
i. He has sat on the finance committee since the company started.
ii. The students sat in the library as a protest against the increase in tuition fees.
iii. Sarah comes from a noble background of a family of aristocrats.
iv. I was surprised when the plan came off so easily. 

Q 10. Answer the questions given at the end of the paragraph.

Then I grasped the child’s head with my left hand and tried to get the wooden tongue depressor between her teeth. She fought, with clenched teeth, desperately! But now I also had grown furious – at a child. I tried to hold myself down but I couldn’t. I know how to expose a throat for inspections. And I did my best. When finally I got the wooden spatula behind the last teeth and just the point of it into the mouth cavity, she opened up for an instant but before I could see anything she came down again and gripped the wooden blade between her molars. She reduced it to splinters before I could get it out again.


i. Why did the doctor become furious?
ii. What instrument did the doctor use to open her mouth?
iii.  Why did she grip the wooden blade between her molars?
iv.  Write down the main idea of the paragraph.

Answer:
i. The doctor became furious because of the resistance of the child as she would not let the doctor examine her throat. She was making the job of the doctor difficult by keeping her teeth clenched tightly.
ii. The doctor used a wooden spatula in order to open the mouth of the patient.
iii. She gripped the wooden blade between her molars to clench her teeth tightly because she was scared and did not want the doctor to examine her throat.
iv. This excerpt has been taken from the story, “The Use of Force” by William Carlos Williams. It revolves around the idea that when children resist getting themselves examined, the use of force becomes necessary to save their lives. Otherwise, it can even lead to their death in case of severe health issues for not getting medically treated. Although the doctor remains patient at the beginning of the story, later he had to make the child open her mouth forcefully by placing a silver spoon at the back of her mouth for her own good.  


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