Class 11 English Notes Chapter 6

Class 11 English Notes Chapter 6 for Punjab and Rawalpindi board, MCQs, True / False, Match the Columns, Grammar, Questions Answers, and 1st Year FSc Part-1 notes.

Class 11 English Notes Chapter 6

i. What was the subject discussed at the Club?

Answer:
The subject discussed at the Club was opportunity and determination. Some of the people held the view that determination alone could pave the way to success, while others believed that opportunity was also needed.

ii.  What did Terbut think of Jorkens’ argument?

Answer:
Tubert opposed the view of Jorkens according to whom determination was required for success. Tubert held the view that determination without opportunity is fruitless. He believed that a person cannot be successful if he is determined but does not get the right opportunity at the right time.

iii. How did Jorkens convince that a man can become a skating champion of the Sahara?

Answer:
Jorkens held the view that if a person was determined, he could work hard and devise ways for creating opportunities for himself. He convinced Tubert that a man could become a skating champion of Sahara even if he was short of money, provided he was determined and worked out to create an opportunity, making money for himself.

iv.  How did Gorgios persuade his people to make his country strong?

Answer:
After years of struggle, Gorgios acquired a strong position in politics which enabled him to preach his ambition openly by making fine speeches. He persuaded the people to make their country strong by emphasizing how the glory of their country and its ancient throne could be multiplied if they agreed to the creation of the post of Court acrobat.

v.  What was the viewpoint of the parents of Gorgios?

Answer:
Gorgios’ parents were of the view that determination alone was not the key to success and in order to achieve ones’ goals a lot of time and persistent hard work are required, while he was very ambitious at such an early age. He was able to understand their verdict and realised that “his parents were right after all” later in life when he had to strive for a long period of time in order to accomplish his ambition of the creation of a seat for Court acrobat.

vi. What were the arrangements made for the function of inauguration?

Answer:
In order to conduct the function of the inauguration, the great throne-room was turned into a gymnasium. Sitting arrangement for members of the Royal House was made along a raised platform. Red and gold coloured curtains were hung along the walls and high swings of acrobats with gilded ropes from the ceiling. A row of neat hurdles was arranged on the polished floor.

vii. Describe the scene of inauguration. Write five sentences.

Answer:
The inauguration took place at the throne-room which had been transformed into a gymnasium and the arrangements made for the event were spectacular. When the doors opened with a flood of golden light, Gorgios entered the hallway in his brilliant tight-fitting, red uniform of the Court acrobat. He , leaning on a gilded-stick, wearing pointed shoes and it appeared as if he was exhausted. He looked at the Royal platform with a sad expression. Gentle applause broke assuring him that no activity was expected of him as he tried to touch the swings that were hung from the ceiling. 

viii.  What were the feelings of Gorgios on the occasion?

Answer:
The arrangements also made him feel nostalgic as they reminded him of the time when Gorgios had won the race in his school days and looked at the royal platform with a slightly sad expression because it reminded him of his lifelong struggle.

ix. Did Gorgios use any shortcut to achieve his ambition?

Answer:
No, Gorgios did not follow any shortcut to achieve his ambition. He achieved his position of a Court acrobat after persistent hard work of sixty years. He joined politics and gained enough power, be able to convince people for the creation of the seat of Court acrobat through his speeches.

x. How long had Gorgios to stick to get his ambition achieved?

Answer:
Gorgios had to struggle and stick to get his ambition achieved for lifelong period of more than sixty years.

Q 4. Answer the following questions in 50-100 words.
i.  Discuss the political views of Jorkens.

Answer:
Jorkens was of the view that a career in politics could pave the way to the accomplishment of the goals of a person, so if someone wanted to achieve his ambition, he should go into politics. By making fine speeches, a person could gain the support of people in order to achieve his agenda. Although he might face opposition in the beginning and it might take a lot of time to convince them, but determination could lead to success.

ii.  How did Gorgios achieve his ambition?

Answer:
Gorgeous achieved his ambition after a long struggle of over sixty years. He had to get into politics in order to acquire a strong position so that he could deliver fine speeches by which would be able to convince people of the importance of having a Court acrobat for the prosperity of their country and glory of their ancient throne. At first, he had to face opposition but with time he was able to convince people what difference would the presence of a young athlete in the Court “exhibiting perfect physical fitness” make to a nation. Such a person would be an exemplary athlete who would strengthen their soldiers. He remained determined for a long time until he was able to create the seat of a Court acrobat.

iii.  Do you agree or disagree with the viewpoint of the writer? Give five reasons.

Answer:
Yes, I agree with the point of view of the author. If a person is determined, he can create opportunities for himself even if he does not have them at hand. It is rightly said that “if the opportunity doesn’t knock, build a door” and so did Gorgios, who is the protagonist of the story. He paved the way to the accomplishment of his goal by getting into politics, making fine speeches and convincing people for the creation of the seat of a Court acrobat until he was able to achieve his purpose. Moreover, as Jorkens says, “life is like a race… the man who keeps on wins the race.” So, it is the law of nature that a man who strives for the fulfilment of his ambition through continuous struggle is rewarded on account of his efforts in the end.

iv. Why were the brilliant dresses put in the shade at the inauguration?

Answer:
The hall was decorated beautifully to recognize the great efforts of the Court acrobat. Gorgios was that one person for whom the stage was set. People arrived in bulk to cherish the heroic achievement of Gorgios. The uniforms and the brilliant dresses were all put in the shade when the doors opened with a flood of golden light in order to give a warm welcome to the old man who was dressed in his brilliant uniform would appear to receive the crown for his life’s hard work.

v.  What is the lesson that the story teaches?

Answer:
The story “The Reward” by Lord Dunsany revolves around the idea that if a man is determined to accomplish his life goals, he can make it possible no matter how hard it may be. To achieve his goals, he should strive to create opportunities for himself. It is rightly said that hard work pays off in the end and same was the case with Gorgios who was able to accomplish his ambition by persistent hard work, undying patience and firm determination. It took him a time span of over sixty years in order to create the position of a Court acrobat.


Grammar & Composition

Q 6. Punctuate the following lines.

life is like a race jorkens went on in which they tire after a while and sit down or get interested in something else instead the man who keeps on wins the race

Answer:
“Life is like a race,” Jorkens went on, “in which they tire after a while and sit down or get interested in something else instead. The man who keeps wins his race.”

Q 7. Complete these sentences with the correct forms of the verbs in brackets.

i. Jorkens said that if a man (be) determined to get anything, and (stick) to it long enough, he (get) it.
ii. If a man (want) to be a skating champion of the Sahara, and (can) not afford the money to get there, he’d (make) the money.
iii. He (be) skating champion if he really (give) all his time to it.
iv. It was thought that the glory of the country (be) increased if the post of Court acrobat (he) created.
v.  It was decided that if a good athlete (can) be found, they (make) him Court acrobat.

Answer:
i. Jorkens said that if a man was determined to get anything, and stuck to it long enough, he got it.
ii. If a man wanted to be a skating champion of the Sahara, and could not afford the money to get there, he’d make the money.
iii. He would be a skating champion if he really gave all his time to it.
iv. It was thought that the glory of the country would be increased if the post of Court acrobat was created.
v. It was decided that if a good athlete could be found, they would make him Court acrobat.

Q 8. Use the following phrasal verbs in your sentences.

a) get in                b) get out
c)  get on             d)  get off

a) How did u get in here without taking our permission?
b) The Traffic police officer asked the young boy to get out of his car and show his license.
c) She was supposed to get on the train to Karachi at 9:00 am in the morning but she was late.
d) The street is narrow so we need to get off the car and walk on foot.

Q 9. Read the passage and answer the questions given at the end.

‘Simply by sticking to it,’ said Jorkens. ‘He went into politics. They all do in that country. But he went into them harder than anyone else, and never gave up his ambition. Of course, he made speeches, and fine ones, on many other subjects; but all the while he stuck to his one idea. The years went by, and the day came when he had power enough to preach his ambition openly, and he told them how the glory of their country and of its ancient throne would be increased if the post of Court acrobat were created. He gave examples of other Courts and greater ones. Of course many opposed him: that is politics. Of course, it took a long time: that is politics too. But as the years went by he wore down the opposing arguments, till he had taught people what a lesson it would be to all the nations to have a young athlete at Court exhibiting perfect physical fitness and how such an example would strengthen their soldiers and enable them finally to win the just rights of the nation in victorious battle against their accursed neighbours. And so the idea caught on; and to make a very long story short, the post of Court acrobat was duly created.’


a) Who joined the politics?
b) How can the glory of the country be increased?
c) How was the post of a Court acrobat created?
d) Write down the main idea of the paragraph.

Answer:
a) Gorgios who was a young athlete joined politics.

b) The glory of the country and of its ancient throne could be increased if the post of Court acrobat was created as he would be a man of exemplary physical fitness who would not only inspire the soldiers but also strengthen and enable them to win the rights of the nation in a victorious battle against their neighbours.

c) In order to create the post of Court acrobat, Gorgios made his way into politics. He made fine speeches in order to convince people of the importance of having the position of a Court acrobat. He had to face opposition in the beginning until after a long period of time he was able to persuade them that the creation of the position of a Court acrobat could contribute towards an increase in the glory of their country and an exemplary athlete would strengthen the soldiers and enable them to win the rights of the nation.  

d) This paragraph is an excerpt from the story “The Reward” by Lord Dunsany. It revolves around the idea that a man can achieve his goals if he is determined and determination can lead him towards the creation of an opportunity. In this paragraph, Gorgios’ achieves his purpose of being able to create the position of a Court acrobat through continuous struggle in the field of politics. He joins politics, makes fine speeches and convinces people of the significance of having the position of a Court acrobat who can inspire and strengthen their soldiers and enable them to win the rights of the nation.

Read more: