Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 3 Professions

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 3 Professions Sindh Textbook board Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, and Reading Comprehension.

Comprehension-A Professions

What does “akhund” mean?

Akhund is a Sindhi word and it stands for “teacher”. It comes from a Persian word “Khandan” which means” to read.”

How does a teacher fulfill God’s command?

A teacher fulfills God’s command by sharing his learning and experiences sincerely with his students. A teacher is the one who can read what Allah writes on the human heart. Teaching is a scared profession of the prophets so it should be performed with great honesty and devotion. A teacher fulfills God’s command expressed in the first word of the revelation which says “Read.”

What are the qualities of a teacher?

There are a number of qualities which a teacher should possess in order to give the best to the students. A teacher should be good to explain the things in easy, understandable way to the students. He / she should give respect to the profession of teaching and loves to enjoy the company of a wide range of people. A teacher should be enthusiastic and must have passion to learn and grasp new things that would enhance his/her teaching methodology. A good teacher should have strong knowledge in particular subject areas. He/she must be a good time manager and should know how to manage discipline in the class without hurting the feelings and emotions of the students. A teacher should have the ability to work in a team as well as using own initiative. He/she should know how to remain calm under stress situations and work efficiently under pressure by meeting deadlines.

Why is fish important for us?

Fish is important for us because it provides a source of food; it contains protein and omega 3 which lowers the possibilities of memory loss, colon cancer and strokes. Humans use them for medicines and vitamins such as fish oil. Fish is healthy, easy to digest and with a high level of precious proteins, fish is considered an important part of a healthy diet.

What are the different modes of fishing?

Like any other profession; in fishing too different modes are adopted to catch maximum fish not only for personal use but from the business point of view too. Two basic modes of fishing include individual vs. group fishing. In individual fishing, fishermen work alone, catching fishes by using their small boats. On the other hand, group or professional fishing means fishermen working together in the form of groups and use of large boats with machinery needed to catch fish from deep waters. These ships are not only huge in size but are well equipped with proper arrangements for storing fish to save them from spoiling before reaching the marketplace.

Why do people like freshwater fish?

There are two major types of fish available in the market i.e. freshwater fish and seawater fish. People like freshwater fish most because they are usually small and tastier as compared to seawater fish.

Where is marine fishing done in Pakistan?

Along the southern border of Pakistan lies Arabian Sea, it is the point along the coast that is famous for marine fishing in Pakistan.

What are the dangers of marine fishing?

Weather seems unpredictable in the profession of marine fishing and it plays a vital role too. The dangers of marine fishing are the storms that sometimes appear all of a sudden thus making the fishermen helpless and let them at the mercy of the ruthless storms. They are not only responsible for bringing wild winds with them but create terrible disturbance in the water of the sea.


Comprehension-B

Q.1) Explain any one quality of a teacher in your own words.

Answer:
Teacher is a symbol of honesty, dedication, cooperation, sincerity, sympathy and kindness. The one quality that differentiates a good teacher from rest of the others is the factor of integrity or honesty. It is all due to his or her honest nature that motivates a teacher towards his or her work, students, learning process, colleagues and environment. If a teacher is not honest enough, it’s not possible for him to give the desired output in the field of education. ]

For instance, if he is in a habit of reaching late at school or his class, definitely he is stealing the precious time of his students who come to school to gain and learn. Secondly, if a teacher reflects dishonesty in his behavior and attitude, he would never be able to gain his colleagues’ trust and companionship. Honesty makes a teacher perfect as he involves not only himself but his students in the process of learning and growing.  Due to his honesty, he would love to prepare himself well before going to class or delivering his lecture so as to clear the concepts according to the need and requirement of the subject matter.

Therefore, one can say that honesty smoothens the path leading to achievement in any walk of life.

Read more: Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 2 The Wise Caliph


Comprehension-C

Q.1) Fill in the blanks with suitable words from the list given below: tasty, by-product, reservoir, carefully, hobby, off-shore, modernizing.

1. The teacher examined each student carefully
2. River Indus is an important reservoir of water for irrigation.
3. Stamp collecting is a good hobby
4. Lunch was very tasty
5. They are modernizing their mill by importing new machinery.
6. Manora is an off-shore island.
7. Coal-tar is a by-product of petrol.


Comprehension-D

Q.1) Change into active voice

1. Freshwater fish are caught from rivers.
Rivers provide freshwater fish.
2. This is done with nets of various sizes. (begin with They…… )
They use nets of various sizes to do that.
3. Freshwater fish are considered more tasty. (begin with People ….)
People consider freshwater fish tastier.
4. They are sold locally as well as sent to nearby towns. (begin with Fishermen…)
Fishermen go to nearby towns and sell them locally.
5. Fishermen have been given loans to buy bigger and better boats. (begin with The government…)
The government provides loans to fishermen to buy bigger and better boats.


Comprehension-E

Q.1) Put the verbs in parentheses into the correct tense:

1. I (stay) here until he (come) back.
I will stay here until he comes back.
2. If you (speak) the truth, 1 (not punish) you.
If you speak the truth, 1 will not punish you.
3. When he (reach) the station the train (arrive).
When he reached the station, the train arrived.
4. I (find) the book which I (lose).
I found the book which I lost.
5. If you (not hurry) you (miss) the train.
If you will not hurry, you will miss the train.
6. If it (not rain) we (go) out for a walk in the evening.
If it will not rain, we will go out for a walk in the evening.
7. If he (study) regularly he (pass) the examination.
If he will study regularly he will pass the examination.
8. He (go) to the market and (buy) two exercise books yesterday.
He went to the market and bought two exercise books yesterday.
9. I (go) abroad for higher studies as soon as my result (announce).
I will go abroad for higher studies as soon as my result will be announced.
10. The teacher (punish) the boys who (not do) the homework.
The teacher will punish the boys who will not do the homework.


Comprehension-F

Q.1) Use “since” or “for” in the following sentences:

1. It has been raining since morning.
2. They have been playing football for one hour.
3. I have been living in this house since January.
4. She has been suffering from fever for two days.
5. I have been preparing for the examination since Sunday last.
6. He has been building a house for six months.
7. The girl has been making a doll since noon.
8. He has been studying in this school since 1998.


Comprehension-G

G. Idioms:

1. To back out of something: to withdraw from an agreement. 
Example: Once you have made an agreement, you should not try to back out of it.
Exercise: Rewrite, using the above idiom in place of the phrase in italics. You gave your word that you would help. Don’t change your mind now. (Substitute the idiom). 

Answer:
You gave your word that you would help. Don’t back out of it now.

2. To beat about the bush: to go around the topic in order to avoid the point.
Example: If you‘ve got bad news, don’t beat about the bush come straight to the point.
Exercise: Say exactly what you mean and stop talking about irrelevant points.(Substitute the idiom). 

Answer:
Say exactly what you mean stop beating about the bush.

3. To have a bone to pick with someone: to have a grievance about something.
Example: He has a bone to pick with you.
Exercise:I have a small dispute to settle with you.(Substitute the idiom). 

Answer:
I have a bone to pick with you.

4. To break the ice: to overcome shyness and put people at ease with one another.
Example: Both persons kept quiet, each waiting for the other to break the ice.
Exercise: Each felt shy to talk till one of them offered tea to the other and thus began talking. (Substitute the idiom).

Answer:
Each felt shy to talk till one of them offered tea to break the ice.

Read more: Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 1 The voice of God


Comprehension-H

H. Idiomatic Structures explained:

  1. ” The rain came down steadily” means “The rain poured steadily.”
  2. “Prices never come down” means “Prices never decrease.”
  3. “He came down from Quetta” means “He arrived from Quetta.”
  4. “Folk stories have come down to us from our ancestors” means “Folk stories have been handed down to us by our ancestors.”
  5. “Stop day dreaming and come down to earth” means “Be realistic and stop imagining things.”

Comprehension-I

I. Learn the spellings and meanings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own.
source; engaged; hobby; individually; recognized; spoilt; marine; various; tasty; locally; warning; keen; modernizing; available; off-shore; Institute; by-products; obtained; glue; liver.

Answer:

WordsMeanings
source a place, person, or thing from which something originates or can be obtained
engaged busy; occupied
hobby an activity done regularly in one’s leisure time for  pleasure
individually one by one; singly; separately
recognized identify (someone or something) from having  encountered them before; know again.
spoilt (past and) past participle of spoil
marine relating to or found in the sea.
various different from one another; of different kinds or  sorts.
tasty (of food) having a pleasant, distinct flavor.
locallywith respect to a particular place or situation
warning a statement or event that warns of something or that serves as a cautionary example
keen having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm
modernizing adapt (something) to modern needs or habits,  typically by installing modern equipment or  adopting modern ideas or methods
available able to be used or obtained; at someone’s disposal.
off-shoresituated at sea some distance from the shore
institute an organization having a particular purpose,  especially one that is involved with science,  education, or a specific profession.
by-products an incidental or secondary product made in the  manufacture or synthesis of something else
obtained get, acquire, or secure (something).
glue an adhesive substance used for sticking objects or  materials together
liver a large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of  vertebrates, involved in many metabolic processes
WordsSentences
sourceWind is now the world’s fastest growing source of power.
hobbyMy hobby is collecting foreign stamps.
individuallyEach chocolate is individually wrapped in a colorful foil package.
marineThe sinking of the Titanic is perhaps the most famous marine disaster in the world.
tastyTinned foods are not very tasty and are harmful for health too.
keenThe dog has a very keen sense of smell. 
availableThere is a room available for our party next Friday night.
instituteThere are number of reputed institutes throughout the country that offer degree in Geo-Physics.
glueYou have to glue your photograph to the application form.
liverAlcohol severely damages the liver of the user.

Comprehension-J

J. Select words from List A which are similar in meaning to words in List B.

AB
reflectionpreserved carefully
enshrinedimage
divinehonour
dignityof God
par excellencedeveloping
cultivatingthe best
professionalopinion
regardconcerning one’s job.

Answer:

AB
reflectionimage
enshrinedpreserved carefully
divineof God
dignityhonor
par excellencethe best
cultivatingdeveloping
professionalconcerning one’s job
regardopinion