Sindh Class 10 English Notes Mcqs, question, answer, Translate, application, and, essay.
Class 10 English Notes Mcqs
i) Select the correct present indefinite tense:
Aslam was singing a song
A. Aslam is singing a song. B. Aslam sang a song. C. Aslam sings a song. D. Aslam can sing a song. Answer: C. Aslam sings a song
ii) Choose the correct interrogative form:
The sweeper swept my room.
A. Do the sweeper sweep my room? B. Did the sweeper sweep my room? C. Is the sweeper sweeping my room? D. Does the sweeper sweep my room? Answer: B. Did the sweeper sweep my room?
iii) Select the correct negative form:
I have been living here since 1960.
A. I have not been living here since 1960. B. I have not living here since 1960. C. I did not have been living here since 1960. D. I do not have been living here since 1960. Answer: A. I have not been living here since 1960.
iv) Select the correct assertive form: (Mark 1) We did not go to Murree last summer.
A. We go to Murree last summer. B. We have gone to Murree last summer. C. We went to Murree last summer. D. We had gone to Murree last summer. Answer: C. We went to Murree last summer.
v) Choose the correct passive voice: (Mark 1) I will invite them.
A. They are invited by me. B. They will be invited by me. C. They would be invited by me. D. They have been invited by me. Answer: B. They will be invited by me.
vi) Select the correct active voice: (Mark 1) Taxes are paid by us regularly.
A. We pay taxes regularly. B. We paid taxes regularly. C. We should pay taxes regularly. D. We paid taxes regularly. Answer: A. We pay taxes regularly.
vii) Choose the correct preposition: (Mark 1) Trust —– God and hope for the best.
A. to B. in C. on D. into Answer: B. in
viii) Choose the correct article: Money cannot buy —– happiness.
A. the B. an C. a D. none of these Answer: D. none of these
ix) Select the correctly punctuated sentence: Most festivals in Sindh as in the Punjab are of a religious nature
A. Most festivals in Sindh as in the Punjab are of a religious nature. B. Most festivals in Sindh, as in the Punjab are of religious nature. C. Most festivals in Sindh as in the Punjab, are of religious nature. D. Most festivals, in Sindh as in the Punjab, are of a religious nature. Answer: D. Most festivals, in Sindh as in the Punjab, are of a religious nature.
x) Select the correct form of the verb: She —— her homework regularly.
A. did B. done C. does D. has done Answer: C. does
xi) Choose the correct word: I did well among the people. In this line “I” is used for
A. The poet B. People C. God D. Angel Answer: A. The poet
xii) The poem “A Nation’s Strength” is written by:
A. Louis I. Newman B. Julia Carney C. M. H Gates D. Ralph Waldo Emerson Answer: D. Ralph Waldo Emerson
xiii) Choose the correct meaning of the following idioms: In black and white.
A. in writing B. verbally C. in colours D. property Answer: A. in writing
xiv) Select the correct direct narration: They said that they did not like meat.
A. They said, “We did not like meat.” B. They said, “We have not liked meat.” C. They said, “We do not like meat.” D. They said, “They do not like meat.” Answer: C. They said, “We do not like meat.”
xv) Select the indirect narration: He said to me, “Please lend me your book.”
A. He asked me to lend him my book. B. He asked me that I lend him my book. C. He ordered me to lend him my book. D. He requested me to lend him my book. Answer: D. He requested me to lend him my book.
Q.2 a) i. What did the rich man do in the court after the settlement of the case?
Answer: The rich man was a kind and generous person that’s why after the settlement of the case in the court by the Caliph, he forgave the beggar and gave him a handful of gold coins to help him.
Q.2 a) ii. How does the teacher fulfill God’s command? (Marks 3)
Answer: A teacher fulfills God’s command by sharing his learning and experiences sincerely with his students. Teaching is a sacred profession of the prophets so it should be performed with great honesty and devotion. A teacher fulfills God’s command expressed in the first word of the revelation which says, “Read.”
Q.2 a) iii. What did King Faisal do for the education of his people?
King Faisal keenly focused on the education sector of his country thus a number of schools were opened where education is free for all. That’s not all; various universities were set up where apart from free education, awards and stipends were also granted to meet the growing needs of the students.
Q.2 a) iv. What is tent pegging? (Marks 3)
Answer: Tent-pegging is one of the famous sports people used to play at fairs and festivals. In it, wooden pegs are fixed in the ground and the riders have to pull them out with their lances as they ride by at a gallop.
Q.2 a) v. Why do the bush dwellers of Nigeria use wood at night? (Marks 3)
Answer: Being an underdeveloped country, Nigeria still has no facility of electricity especially in the remote and far-flung villages of the country that’s why the bush dwellers use wood at night for lighting and heating purposes.
Q.2 a) vi. What did mother ask the children to do when they had reached back home? (Marks 3)
Answer: The mother asked the children to get busy as they had spent a number of hours out shopping. She asked Ajmal to polish his and Najma’s shoes and told Najma to iron the clothes.
Q.2 a) vii. Why did Azam give up cheating Moazzam? (Marks 3)
Answer: Azam gave up cheating his younger brother as Moazzam started teasing him in various ways. When Azam was milking the cow, he started hitting the cow at the front part as it was his possession, in order to disturb her. Secondly, when Azam was busy picking fruit from the tree, Moazzam started cutting the tree with his axe. Thirdly, Moazzam soaked the blanket in water when it was time for Azam to use it at night. After bearing all of this, Azam thought that he had badly treated his younger brother by giving him unequal share in their father’s property. So, Azam decided to give Moazzam his due share by getting the milk and dates and sharing the blanket at night time.
Q.2 a) viii. Where is Torkham? What did the students see there? (Marks 3)
Answer: Torkham is the border between Pakistan and Afghanistan. The students saw a chain stretched across the road and the Pakistan flag, swaying at a hilltop.
Q.2 a) ix. What does the kit for mending the puncture contain? (Marks 3)
Answer: The best kit for mending the puncture must contain a wrench, a piece of old cycle tube, a pair of small scissors, sandpaper, a colour pencil, and sticking solution.
Q.2 a) x. What is an urs and how it is celebrated? (Marks 3)
Answer: Urs is basically a religious festival that is celebrated in most regions of Punjab and Sindh. It is celebrated by the devotees of famous saints, Sufis, and poets such as Hazrat Shahbaz Qalandar and Shah Abdul Latif Bhitai. People want to show their respect, love, and reverence through Urs which they hold for these special people who devoted their lives for the welfare and betterment of the masses, and for the spread of Islam. People sing folk songs at Urs in the memory of great Sufis and saints.
Q.2 b) i. Who wrote the poem “From a Railway Carriage”? What pleasure does the railway journey give to the poet? (Marks 3)
Answer: As the poet is traveling in a railway carriage so it is the railway journey that becomes a true source of pleasure for the poet. He is quite pleased to see the exceptional beauty of the natural world throughout his railway journey.
Q.2 b) ii. What is the main idea of the poem “A Nation’s Strength”? (Marks 3)
Answer: The poem “A nation’s strength” gives a clear message to its readers that a nation can never stand on firm ground without the sincere efforts of its people. For the solid foundation of a progressive nation; courage, determination, integrity, great thought, patience, and hard work is a must. A nation can never be strong based on its wealth alone, but with the devotion and passion of its people it can stand out in the world. The nation’s pillars can only be built deep and rise to the sky due to the daring, courageous, and determined acts of its people. Hence, all of a nation’s strength, progress, and development rest on the shoulders of its people’s sincerity and affection towards their motherland.
Q.2 b) iii. Why does the poet say that the prayer for mothers on the earth mingles with the said in heaven? (Marks 3)
Answer: The poet says that the prayer for mothers on earth mingles with that said in Heaven as it is the same prayer that angels are busy in saying up above the sky. It is a ritual for almost every mother to start her dua with her asking for her children’s welfare, betterment, health, and success. In turn, it is the duty of all children to pray for their mothers. If we pray for our mothers with utmost sincerity and honesty, there is a possibility that God may forgive all the sins or wrongs done by our mothers intentionally or unintentionally in this world.
Q.2 b) iv. Which poem Eliza Cook wrote? What does she teach the reader through this poem? (Marks 3)
Answer: Eliza Cook wrote the poem “King Bruce and the Spider.” Through this poem, she gives a very strong message to her readers that one should never lose hope and whatever the circumstances, he/she should behave courageously. The one who keeps trying to reach his/her goal by hard work, Allah Almighty will help him/her and grant success sooner or later.
Q.2 b) v. What does the line, “These hands must folded be”, mean? (Marks 3)
Answer: In this line, the poetess means by “these hands must folded be” that her mother has reached quite an old age and she must die soon. It is this thought that makes the poetess sad and gloomy imagining her mother lying in her grave beneath the ground with daisies above with her beautiful wrinkled hands that must be folded on her chest serenely.
Q.3) Write an essay of about 120 – 150 words on any one of the following topics: i) Need and importance of Muslim Unity
Answer: Need and Importance of Muslim Unity Since the 9/11 attacks, Muslims have been targeted with hate crimes, often held responsible for heinous acts of violence carried out by others in the name of Islam. Ever since the fall of the twin towers, Muslims have had their reputation maligned in the news everytime a bomber has been identified as belonging to the same religion. Now, more than ever, there is a need for the Muslim community to band together, to understand what is happening inside of it in order to address genuine internal problems and to put together a strong front against those who seek to paint us all with the same, unforgiving brush.
First of all, we must have a conversation with our fellow Muslims and build a stronger sense of community in order to understand cause s for radicalization within us. We need to know what the youth is going through, in particular, in order to make it clear that we really are a religion of peace. Unity can hence let us have important conversations about our shared values and strengthen our sense of identity as Muslims. The result of this is that once we are clear in ourselves about what we do and do not stand for, we can talk to those outside of our faith about what our values are, how we are different from those who commit violent acts, and how we will not tolerate hate crimes or racism against us.
Muslim leadership has a very important role to play, given how many leaders have failed to make a positive difference for their communities in the past. From the civil war in Syria, to the bloodshed in Yemen by the Saudis, there is too much in-fighting among Muslim leadership. This causes enmity and mistrust among people, making us out to be confused and violent in front of the whole world. We must care for another if we are to truly make a difference in the lives of our fellow Muslims all over the world.
Just because someone is Iraqi or Palestinian does not make them any less Muslim than us. We must strive to have peace within the Muslim world, have a conversation on what our values are, and stand up against the parasite that is extremism, which is entering our ranks and giving us all a bad name. Once we have done this, can we stand up for ourselves in front of the whole world, knowing who we are, feeling pride in our belonging to the Muslim community.
ii) The Role of Electronic Media
Answer: The Role of Electronic Media The world we are living in is called a ‘digitized modern world’ due to a number of scientific inventions and discoveries. Among all, media comes out on top for the vital role it plays in our lives. Not only is electronic media used for the purpose of gaining knowledge, but it is also a captivating source of entertainment. Electronic is continually shaping our thoughts and perspectives. It is no surprise that advertisers flock to it to deliver their message to the world. Electronic media includes radio, television, computers, and of course, the Internet. Various forms of e-media are used by people of all ages. TV has revolutionized the way in which we get news, through the plethora of national and international channels keeping us informed on the latest updates, 24/7. Without having to leave the comfort of their homes, people can get cheap and easy entertainment. No one needs to go to a cinema or theatre unless they really want to, now. The internet, in particular, is hugely important for students. With all the learning resources it offers, the internet is a great way to learn things, practice skills, take online course, and more. In addition, internet-based social media like Skype, Twitter, Facebook etc. are fundamentally shifting the ways in which we interact with one another, as well with changes in the world. Anyone can get their opinion out in the world, and be a citizen-journalist of sorts, with the vast opportunities for connection now available. The world has now become a global village where distance does not mean the end of a conversation or friendship. Of course, while electronic media is playing a positive and constructive role in the lives of millions, it is, at the same time, used by some in rather destructive ways. The honus to monitor ourselves and seek out help when we need it falls on us so that we do not find ourselves under the total control of what these latest technologies have to offer.
Answer: Patriotism A man is ruled by a number of emotions, feelings, thoughts and ideas. Feelings of love, attachment, and caring for one’s birth nation fall under ‘patriotism.’ Patriotism is simply a sense of deep loyalty and commitment to one’s country. Healthy patriotism means to show the utmost love and respect towards one’s nation and to do everything in our power to make our country prosper. Of course, this means looking out for our people and striving to make all our lives better. However, patriotism does not mean blind support of your country, even when it is doing the wrong thing; instead, it entails being so loyal to your country’s welfare that you are willing to stand up against injustice and fight for what is right.
There are many ways in which we can express our patriotism. For instance, we may attend a sports game where our national team is playing and cheer them on. We may work hard to improve some area of life for our people (e.g., by working in health or education). We can express patriotism by keeping our country clean, educating ourselves on our history as a nation (and a people), in order to better understand the problems we face and be positioned to solve them.
As patriots, we must play our part in supporting our democracy. This may mean always going to vote, staying politically involved, or raising critical issues that need to be heard by those in power. Patriots are able to keep their representatives accountable by staying engaged as citizens. As students, we can be patriotic by working hard at school and deciding how we want to contribute to the world. By polishing our skills, we can make sure that we are able to make a real contribution not only to our own lives but to the lives of our fellow citizens.
Patriotism can give us a sense of identity and strength. Knowing our roots, and being committed to making our home better, are both things that can offer deep fulfillment. We must strive to make a positive difference, as citizens, and as patriots.
iv) An Evening at the Seaside
Answer: An Evening at the Seaside It was a pleasant day in March when my aunt and her family knocked at our door. We were all quite surprised and happy to see them there. My aunt had come from Islamabad after her children’s final examinations. Her family and she were only to be with us for a week, so, after serving lunch, we decided to take them all out to the seaside; the most demanded picnic spot among all our cousins. We reached there at about 5 o’clock. Lots of people were already there enjoying the sea breeze. Most were playing in the waves, a few families were sitting on sheets that had been laid out, sipping their tea with hot freshly-made pakoras and samosas from a stall closeby.
First, our cousins took a camel ride, clearly enjoying themselves based on their shrieks of excitement and wild arms movements. Then we went near the shore to have fun splashing water on one another. We took a lot of photographs to save these happy moments for times to come. Our cousins enjoyed the fresh sea breeze, pure and clean as it was. Next, we stopped goofing around and had coffee at a famous bar by the seaside. While we waited for our order, one of my cousins pointed to the window through which we collectively beheld the awe-inspiring sight of the setting sun, with its last few rays of light shimmering atop the waves. I will never forget what that looked like. After finishing our coffee, we decided on going back home, given how exhausted we felt. On the way back, everyone was busy making plans for the remainder of the week, hoping for as much fun as we had had that day.
Q.4) Write an application to the Headmaster/Headmistress of your school requesting him/her to provide better security.
Answer: Application: To the Headmaster/Headmistress, Government School, A.B.C. Subject: Request To Provide Better Security At School Respected Sir/Madam, On behalf of my fellow students, I am writing to you about the growing risks posed to educational institutions following the terror attack at the Army Public School. It is more important than ever that we have strong security systems in place, to make sure that a tragedy of the sort is not repeated. Our families are, understandably, concerned about our safety, given the rise in threats made to schools and colleges after the attack in Peshawar. A lot of students’ families actually want to stop their children from going to school altogether, at least for a while. I speak for my fellows when I say that we can not just drop out of school and let the terrorists win. I believe we should be taking pre-emptive measures, to make sure that our school is able to withstand such a threat, and our learning is able to continue, undisturbed. To this end, I humbly request that you meet with school staff whoever is relevant in the Ministry of Education. Please have a conversation about increasing security. We need to have a budget allocated to upgrading our existing systems, which are simply outdated. Boundary walls need to be fenced off, with electric currents to prevent intruders for cutting through them. We also need CCTV cameras and alarm bells to alert the authorities (as well as students and teachers themselves, in case we need to suddenly go into lockdown). Of course, we must also have trained security guards armed with weapons around our boundary wall. These are just some suggestions for now. I am sure that your team will be able to pre-empt a lot more of our needs, and will do everything necessary to immediately tighten security around here. I hope that you will respond on an urgent basis, given the nature of this request. I look forward to hearing back. Thanking you in advance. Yours obediently,
X.Y.Z February 8, 2017
OR Write a letter to your father telling him about what you would do after passing the SSC examination.
Examination Hall, City A.B.C. February 8, 2017
My Dear Father, I received you letter and money yesterday, I am quite satisfied to know that everything is going well at home. I know that you are worried about my preparation for the forthcoming SSC II Annual Examination so I want to tell you that I have prepared well for the exam and only your prayers are needed in this respect. I have high expectations of getting good marks to make you, my parents, proud. Last night, while lying in bed, I was thinking about my future; my career, in particular. I know you may be thinking that it is too early to dwell on these thoughts, but my dear father, I need to be clear about my purpose in life. I want to pursue a career in the field of medicine, serving the ailing of my nation. To aquatint myself with a little with this field before formally applying to medical college, I want to join a clinic or hospital close by and work there as a part-time compounder learning basic skills of the profession. Through this, I will also be able to finance some part of my future education myself, thereby lessening the burden on your shoulders. I am sure you will approve of my plan. However, I hope we talk this matter over in detail when we meet during the vacations. I am expecting high marks in my upcoming exam. Overall, I am living a comfortable life here in the hostel, so please do not worry about me. Take good care of mother and yourself, and please pay my regards to everyone at home. Also, as ever, please remember me in your prayers!
Your loving daughter, X.Y.Z
Q.5) Translate any five of the following sentences into English.
ہم اپنے وطن سے محبت کرتے ہیں۔ (2) کیا آپ کبھی اسلام آباد گۓ ہیں؟ (3) مجھے افسوس ہے کہ میں تمہاری مدد نہ کر سکا۔ (4) جب میں ائیر پورٹ پہنچا تو جہاز اڑ چکا تھا۔ (5) اگر آپ ورزش کرتے تو کبھی بیمار نہیں پڑتے۔ (6) وہ کل صبح تک یہاں پہنچ جاۓ گا۔ (7) آج کل موسم خوشگوار ھے۔
(1) We love our country. (2) Have you ever been to Islamabad? (3) I am sorry I could not help you. (4) When I reached the airport, the airplane flew. (5) If you exercise, you do not get sick. (6) He will reach here by tomorrow. (7) Nowadays the weather is pleasant.
OR Make a summary of the following passage. (Marks 5) A mother renders the best services for her children without any expectation for a reward or a return. She expects and wants to reward for her services and sacrifices. A mother is no doubt the noblest creature on the earth. An ideal mother has all the qualities of an ideal human being. Sincerity, faithfulness, sense of service and sense of duty are the most salient features of a mother.
Answer: Translation: (1) We love our country. (2) Have you gone to Islamabad? (3) I am sorry that I couldn’t help you. (4) When I reached the airport the plane had taken off. (5) If you had done exercise, you would not have been ill.. (6) He will reach here by tomorrow morning. (70 Now- a –days weather is pleasant. Summary: Mother is the noblest individual on this earth. She performs all her duties and responsibilities well for the betterment and welfare of her children without expecting any reward from them.
Q.6) Read the following passage and answer the questions given below: A man may usually be known by the books he reads as well as by the company he keeps, for there is a companionship of books as well as of men; and we should live in the best company whether it be of books or of men. A good book may be among the best friends. It is the same today as it always was and it will never change. It is the most patient of companions. It does not turn its back upon us in time of adversity or distress. It always receives us with the same kindness, amusing and instructing us and comforting and consoling us in old age. i) How can a man be known?
Answer: A man is usually known by the books he reads or by the company he keeps.
ii) What sort of company is good for a man?
Answer: The company of a good book is the best for man.
iii) What is the quality of a good book?
Answer: The quality of a good book is that it always shows patience as it never gets bored of us, or turn its back upon us, in times of adversity or trouble.
iv) How does a good book serve us in youth and in old age?
Answer: A good book serves us in quite a positive way both in youth as well as old age. It welcomes us with the same kindness and affection; provides proper instruction along with comfort and pleasure.
v) Write the noun of the verbs ‘know’ and ‘receive.’
OR Write a note on any one of the following: i) A Village Fair
Answer: A Village Fair The life of a village is quite simple and without much activity when compared to the hustle and bustle of the city, where every moment is filled with excitement or pleasure, especially for young people. The village fair is one of the most exciting and fun events for villagers. Not only does it garner villagers’ own attention, but it is also attended by guests from other far-off places. A village fair has a unique combination of delicious foods, pleasure, and shopping; it’s like a shopping mall catering to the needs of all, under one roof. A typical village fair has a number of stalls selling a variety of goods such as pottery, wooden decoration pieces, farming tools, women accessories, toys, garments, shoes, etc. Due to a wide range of goods and entertainment activities, a village fair attracts people of all ages. Apart from stalls, there are various swings like merry-go-rounds for children. Different games and sports are enthusiastically played by the villagers and at the end, prizes are distributed among winners. Horse racing, dog racing, tent-pegging, and drum beating are some of the most famous games and competitions at the fair. Sometimes, acrobats at the circus capture villagers’ attention also. Musical and dance performances are also quite common. Various singers sing folk songs in their melodious voices, playing traditional musical instruments. A village fair is mostly organized by local authorities but the government should also consider organizing better, more organized ones, once in a while.
ii) The Sindhi Embroidery
Answer: The Sindhi Embroidery Sindh or the Valley of Mehran is quite historic and rich in its culture and civilization. One can feel and sense the delight in the lives of Sindhi people due to their specific customs and traditions. Sindhi embroidery is quite traditional. Not only is it liked by people from various Pakistani cities, but it is also admired by citizens of other nations too. Sindhi embroidery reflects the awesome taste of the people of Sindh who always use vibrant, attractive colors in their embroidery. Both men and women’s dresses are exquisitely embroidered. The specialty of Sindhi embroidery is the use of different materials that give it a unique touch. Basically, Sindhi embroidery amalgamates mirror, silk thread, and beads, artistically and beautifully. Embroidered dresses are not only worn by people on weddings or festivals, but routine dresses of men and women are also embellished with heavy Sindhi embroidery. This special kind of embroidery is not only limited to dresses, but it is incorporated in other accessories, such as purses, cushions, wall hangings, bags etc, also. The government should take steps to promote Sindhi embroidery by showcasing dresses featuring this style in fashion shows both inside and outside the country.
Casablanca Casablanca was a name that truly and perfectly represented patriotism and bravery. He was young, passionate, energetic, and nationalistic too. Although quite young, he was still a disciplined soldier who fervently sought to serve his nation under any circumstance. He sacrificed his own life while proficiently performing his duties and responsibilities without even thinking about his breath and soul. He did not care to save his life although he knew it well that death was following him and soon it would stand in front of him without giving him any chance of survival. He set an exceptional example of gallantry for all soldiers of the world.
Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 01 to Chapter 26