Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 21 How to Do Things

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 21 How to Do Things Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, and Reading Comprehension.

How to Do Things

Why was the party arranged?

The party was arranged as it was Shahnaz’s birthday and she wanted to celebrate it along with her friends and relatives.

What was the menu of the party?

Shahnaz along with her dearest friend talked about the menu and decided to serve kababs, samosas, sandwiches, fruit-chat, sweetmeat and cake with the tea to the guests at the party. They wanted to prepare kababs, sandwiches and fruit-chat at home and the rest of the eatables they would buy from the market.

What games were arranged for the guests?

Shahnaz and her friend planned some games as well to entertain the guests such as passing the parcel, treasure hunt and musical chairs. The basic aim of these games was to provide fun and laughter to the guests at the maximum so it would become a memorable party for all.

What was written on the cake?

Shahnaz father brought a big marvelous cake for Shahnaz on which her name was written along with a wish for a happy birthday.

When is a bicycle-ride a joy?

Riding a bicycle is a joy, when one is young as the individual is active, energetic and enthusiastic at that time period of life.

Why was Shahnaz happy at the end of the party?

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 21 How to Do Things

Shahnaz was happy at the end of the party as everything happened according to the expectation of Shahnaz and all the guests had enjoyed the party at the fullest.

When does this joy vanish?

This joy vanishes all of a sudden, when the cycle gets punctured on the way.

What does the kit for mending the puncture contain?

The best kit for mending the puncture must contain a wrench, a piece of old cycle tube, a pair of small scissors, sandpaper, a colour pencil and sticking solution.

What happens when the punctured part of the tube goes underwater?

As soon as the punctured part of the tube goes under the water, one can see the air bubbles coming out of the small hole with a hissing sound just similar to that of a snake.

What do we use to make the tube rough by rubbing?

The one who wants to fix the problem of puncture perfectly, he has to use sandpaper in order to make the tube rough by rubbing it.


Comprehension-B

Q.1) Learn the meanings and spellings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own:
crockery; cutlery; honor; eatables; parcel; layers; containing; wrapped; treasures; served; menu; riding; joy; suddenly; vanish; puncture; whizzing; tightness; press; frighten; passers-by; emergency.

Answer:

WordsMeanings
crockery plates, dishes, cups, and other similar items,  especially ones made of earthenware or China
cutlery knives, forks, and spoons used for eating or serving  food
honour high respect; great esteem
eatables items of food
parcel an object or collection of objects wrapped in paper  in order to be carried or sent by post
layers a sheet, quantity, or thickness of material, typically  one of several, covering a surface or body
containing have or hold (someone or something) within
wrapped overjoyed; delighted
treasures a quantity of precious metals, gems, or other  valuable objects
served perform duties or services for (another person or an  organization)
menu a list of dishes available in a restaurant
riding the sport or activity of riding horses
joy a feeling of great pleasure and happiness
suddenly quickly and unexpectedly
vanish disappear suddenly and completely
puncture a small hole in a tyre resulting in an escape of air
whizzing move quickly through the air with a whistling or  buzzing sound
tightness fixed or fastened firmly in place
 press move or cause to move into a position of contact    with something by exerting continuous physical force
frighten make (someone) afraid or anxious
passers-by people who happen to be going past something,  especially on foot
emergency a serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation  requiring immediate action

Read more: Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 19 The Khyber Pass

WordsSentences
crockery My mother went to the crockery shop to buy a new dinner set.
parcel I want to send a parcel to Turkey.
containing The basket is containing fruits as well as vegetables.
served She served me hot coffee that relaxed me a lot.
menu We ordered chicken broast from the menu card along with cold  drinks.
riding Yesterday my brother fell down from the horse while riding it.
suddenly Suddenly someone knocked at the door and that scared me.
frighten The shriek of the cat at night frightened the sleeping child.
vanish The sun vanished behind a cloud.
emergency I am well prepared to face any emergency.

Comprehension-C

Q.1) Make nouns from the following.
invite, busy, prepare, discuss, decorate, punish, collect, sing, decide.
Example: invite: invitation.

Answer:

WordsNouns
inviteinvitation
busybusiness
preparepreparer, preparation
discussdiscusser, discussion
decoratedecoration
punishpunisher, punishment
collectcollection
singsinger
decidedecision

Comprehension-D

Q.1) Complete the spellings of the following:
rem…ber, b … ght, cro … ery, ki … hen, fr … t, ve…………………. table, tr…sure,
wra … ed.

Answer:
remember, bright, crockery, kitchen, fruit, vegetable, treasure, wrapped.


Comprehension-E

Q.1) Fill in the blanks.
1.Shahnaz was very………………….. because it was her birthday.
2.She had ………………….. her friends to a party.
3.The two friends talked……………………. the menu.
4. Now they got…………………… in the kitchen.
5. They decided to…………………….. the rest of the things from the market.
6. Riding a bicycle is a……………………………………………………. when one young.
7. You are…………………… back home merrily.
8.Suddenly a……………….. sound comes from your…………………….. wheel.
9. You…………………… your bicycle on the ground.
10. You…………………… out your kit for…………………… the puncture.
11. …………….. there is a tyre burst…………………… you and the passers-by.
12. This………………. should not worry you if you are……………………. for it.

Answer:
1. Shahnaz was very happy because it was her birthday.
2. She had invited her friends to a party.
3. The two friends talked about the menu.
4. Now they got busy in the kitchen.
5. They decided to buy the rest of the things from the market.
6. Riding a bicycle is a joy when one is young.
7. You are riding back home merrily.
8. Suddenly a whizzing sound comes from your hind wheel.
9. You lay your bicycle on the ground.
10. You take out your kit for mending the puncture.
11. Sometimes there is a tyre burst frightening you and the passers-by.
12. This emergency should not worry you if you are prepared for it.


Comprehension-F

How is the ‘parcel’ prepared for the ‘parcel game’?

Shahnaz and her friend arranged some games to entertain the guests of the birthday party and one of them was the parcel game. The parcel was prepared quite technically. A piece of toffee was put in a small box which was then wrapped with many layers of coloured paper. Each layer of the parcel concealed a slip of paper which bore one of such commands like: ‘sing a song’, ‘crow like a cock’, ‘bleat like a goat’, ‘bray like a donkey.’ The parcel was to be passed from one guest to the other, whosoever got the parcel had to remove only one layer of the wrapping and get the punishment that fell to her lot. The one who got the parcel last would ultimately receive the prize in the form of a toffee for winning the parcel game.

How is the game ‘treasure hunt’ played?

As the name indicates “Treasure Hunt” game is played by hiding treasure in the form of a small or big item such as candy, toffee etc. All the participants have to find the hidden treasure and the game would end when all the hidden items are found by the participants of the game. In Treasure Hunt Shahnaz and her friend hid small packets of sweets wrapped in paper at different places in the room and the guests had to find them everywhere. The game would come to end till all the treasures were found.

Describe the process of mending a puncture.

The process of mending a puncture is not a difficult one, it just needs skill and the proper tools to fix the problem. First of all, one should get some water in a large shallow pot. Then he has to take one edge of the tyre off the rim and take out the tube to inflate it. After that, the inflated tube has to be dipped into the pot of water bit by bit. As soon as the punctured part of the tube goes under water, air bubbles will easily be seen coming out of the small hole with a hissing sound similar to a snake. The person who is busy in mending a puncture has to mark the spot with a coloured pencil. The whole of the tube is tested in this way, and thus all the punctured parts of the tube have to be marked. The deflated tube is left to dry. Then the person has to take the sandpaper and rub the tube at the punctured spot, till the surface gets rough. Then he has to cut a piece from the old tube according to the size of the puncture. The surface should be made rough with the help of sandpaper. After that, the sticking solution must be applied some to the tube and some to the piece of rubber by rubbing it with the finger. After sometime the solution dries a little and then the person has to place the piece of rubber on the puncture and must press it tight so it sticks to the tube. In this way, the puncture has been mended. Finally, the person should put the tube back into the tyre, pump air into it and then he is ready to enjoy a perfect ride on the bicycle.

What is the process of mending a puncture at a bicycle repair shop?

The process of mending a puncture at a bicycle repair shop is a bit different from the one that is done by someone using a kit for mending it. At the repairing shop, a kind of half solid rubber solution is applied to the punctured part of the tube. It is then heated at a certain temperature for sometime in a machine which is a sort of press. The solution melts and sticks to the tube so that both are inseparable.


Comprehension-G

Q.1) Idioms:
1. Odds and ends: a collection of objects not belonging to any group or order; leftover and discarded.
Example: I have no complete sets of text-books, only odds, and ends.
Exercise: That shop does not sell anything in particular. It has only stray pieces of furniture, but no sets.
(Instead of the italicized words, use the idiom).
2.Under ones’ nose: immediately within reach.
Example: He searched all over for it, though it was lying under his nose all the time.
Exercise: You don’t have to go far. It’s immediately within your reach.
3. To poke one’s nose into to meddle or interfere.
Example: Don’t poke your nose into other people’s affairs.
Exercise: She has the bad habit of interfering in matters that are not her concern.
4. To kick up a row: to make a noise or disturbance.
Example: You need not kick up a row. Ask politely.
Exercise: If you don’t agitate, you will not be paid attention to.
5.To wind up: to bring to an end.
Example: That company is winding up its affairs.
Exercise: I’m using my last week in the country to finish all my business here.

Answer:
1. That shop does not sell anything in particular. It has only odds and ends.
2. You don’t have to go far. It’s under ones’ nose.
3. She has the bad habit of poking her nose into matters that are not her concern.
4. If you don’t kick up a row, you will not be paid attention to.
5. I’m using my last week in the country to wind up my business here.


Non-Textual Exercise

Q.1) Match a sentence of Column A with the right one from Column B.

S.NO Column AColumn B
1.These books belong to me.1.Hers are new.
2.She has new ones.2.They are mine.
3.They won’t lend their car.3.I want yours.
4.Give me your bicycle.4.Theirs cannot be borrowed
5.Their car has broken down.5.His are sold out.
6.He sold all the books he had.6.Theirs is out of order.

Answer:

Column AColumn B
These books belong to me.They are mine.
She has new ones.Hers are new.
They won’t lend their car.Their cars cannot be borrowed.
Give me your bicycle.I want yours.
Their car has broken down.Theirs is out of order.
He sold all the books he had.His are sold out.

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 21 How to Do Things  Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, and Reading Comprehension.

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