Chapter 13 Shopping
Why did Mother ask Najma and Ajmal to go with her shopping?
Mother asked Najma and Ajmal to go with her for shopping as their father was not at home and their groceries and provisions were near to end. Therefore, they had to do the shopping for themselves due to the absence of their father as he used to do all the shopping for them.
How much fare did the taxi-driver demand?
When mother and children hired the taxi, on asking the taxi driver demanded a high fare from them i.e. twenty-five rupees to the market.
What did Mother tell the taxi-driver?
Mother told the taxi driver that he was demanding quite a high fare as the market was not too much far from there, it was just two kilometers away from that place. She further told him that she would not give him more than fifteen rupees to take them to the marketplace.
Where did Mother and children go first for shopping?
Mother and children went to the mutton market first.
What is the difference between beef and mutton?
Beef is the meat of cows whereas mutton is that of goats and sheep.
What did Mother buy at the butcher’s shop?
Mother bought one kilo of leg and one kilo of minced meat and for each kilo of meat she paid one hundred and ten rupees.
Where did Mother go after making purchases at the butchers?
After making purchases at the butcher’s, Mother along with Najma and Ajmal decided to go to the vegetable and fruit market so to buy some fresh vegetables and fruits from there.
How did Mother buy bananas and apples?
Mother bought ten bananas at the cost of twenty rupees and one kilo apples by paying twenty-four rupees to the fruit retailer.
What did Mother buy last of all?
Mother went to the poultry shop last of all as she had to buy eggs and dressed chicken from there. Mother purchased two dozen eggs for thirty rupees a dozen and one kilo dressed chicken for ninety rupees a kilo.
How far is the market from the house of Najma and Ajmal?
The market was not far away from the house of Najma and Ajmal, it was just two kilometers away. They hired a taxi to reach the market and gave fifteen rupees as fare.
What did Mother ask the children to do when they had reached back home?
Mother asked the children to get busy as they had spent a number of hours out for shopping. She asked Ajmal to polish his own and Najma’s shoes and ordered Najma to iron the clothes.
B. Learn the spellings and meanings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own:
gulped; beef; butcher; cabbage; calves; carton; cauliflower; chillies; dressed; freezer; grocer; hire; kilogram; kilometre; spices; spinach; live; meter; mutton; onion; potato; poultry; provisions; turnip; drums; choked
|gulped||swallow (drink or food) quickly or in large mouthfuls, often audibly.|
|beef||the flesh of a cow, bull, or ox, used as food.|
|butcher||a person whose trade is cutting up and selling meat in a shop.|
|cabbage||a cultivated plant eaten as a vegetable, having thick green or purple leaves surrounding a spherical heart or head of young leaves.|
|calves||Plural of calf; the young of the domestic cow or other bovine animal.|
|carton||a small, light box or container in which drinks or foodstuffs are packaged.|
|cauliflower||a cabbage of a variety which bears a large immature flower head of small creamy-white flower buds.|
|chillies||a small hot-tasting pod of a variety of capsicum, used in sauces, relishes, and spice powders|
|dressed||put on one’s clothes.|
|freezer||a refrigerated cabinet or room for preserving food at very low temperatures.|
|grocer||a person who sells food and small household goods.|
|hire||employ (someone) for wages.|
|kilogram||a unit of mass equal to 1000 grams: the basic unit of mass in the International System of Units (SI),|
|kilometer||a metric unit of measurement equal to 1,000 metres (approximately 0.62 miles).|
|spices||an aromatic or pungent vegetable substance used to flavor food, e.g. cloves, pepper, or cumin.|
|spinach||an edible Asian plant of the goosefoot family, with large dark green leaves which are widely eaten as a vegetable.|
|meter||a device that measures the amount of something that is used:|
|mutton||the flesh of fully grown sheep used as food.|
|onion||a swollen edible bulb used as a vegetable, having a pungent taste and smell and composed of several concentric layers.|
|potato||a starchy plant tuber which is one of the most important food crops, cooked and eaten as a vegetable.|
|poultry||the flesh of chickens and other domestic fowl as food.|
|provisions||the action of providing or supplying something for use.|
|turnip||a round root with white or cream flesh which is eaten as a vegetable and also has edible leaves.|
|drums||a percussion instrument sounded by being struck with sticks or the hands, typically cylindrical, barrel-shaped, or bowl-shaped, with a taut membrane over one or both ends.|
|choked||(of a person or animal) have severe difficulty in breathing because of a constricted or obstructed throat or a lack of air.|
|beef||Yesterday my mother gave me deliciously cooked beef slices in lunch.|
|butcher||The butcher’s dress was splashed with chicken’s blood.|
|cabbage||I love cabbage soup in summers.|
|carton||Please help me in placing the carton in the storeroom.|
|kilometer||My school is almost a kilometer away from my home.|
|spices||Spices are the main ingredients in Asian foods.|
|spinach||Eating spinach is good for purifying our blood.|
|meter||One meter cloth is not enough for making an adult’s shirt.|
|mutton||Mutton is much expensive than beef and chicken in Pakistan.|
|potato||Potato is all time favorite vegetable of most of the people all over the world.|
a) Find words similar in meaning in the two lists given below.
b) Find in list B the opposite of words in list A:
a) out of order, out of date, in force, in order, up-to-date, to date.
With the help of the phrases given above, complete the following sentences;
1. The old system of weights and measures is no longer _______ .
The old system of weights and measures is no longer in force.
2. You must revise your book and bring it _______ .
You must revise your book and bring it in order.
3. The shopkeeper told him that their weighing machine was ________ .
The shopkeeper told him that their weighing machine was out of order.
4. I have received no letter from him _________ .
I have received no letter from him to date.
5. This rule is ______ ; we must follow it.
This rule is up-to-date; we must follow it.
6. That book was published ten years ago; it is completely _______ .
That book was published ten years ago; it is completely out of date.
b) Cake, bar, jar, carton, bag, roll, packet.
Complete the following sentences using the words given above:
1. A _____ of soap -cake contains 144 soap-cakes.
A cake of soap -cake contains 144 soap-cakes.
2. Please bring a ______ of Swat honey for me.
Please bring a jar of Swat honey for me.
3. What is the price of one _____ of flour?
What is the price of one bag of flour?
4. The price of a _____ of soap has increased by one rupee.
The price of a bar of soap has increased by one rupee.
5. The shopkeeper charged me five hundred rupees for this ______ of cloth.
The shopkeeper charged me five hundred rupees for this roll of cloth.
6. This chocolate is cheap at ten rupees a ____ .
This chocolate is cheap at ten rupees a packet.
7. This _______ contains 25 biscuits.
This carton contains 25 biscuits.
c) Fill in the blanks with appropriate prepositions:
1.The driver brought the taxi ______ a sudden halt.
The driver brought the taxi with a sudden halt.
2. He took ______ his old coat and put ______ the new one.
He took off his old coat and put on the new one.
3. Please turn ______ the radio and turn ______ the TV
Please turn off the radio and turn on the TV
4. Before leaving the kitchen she put _______ the fire.
Before leaving the kitchen she put off the fire.
5. She turned _____ the cat and shut the door.
She turned out the cat and shut the door.
6. My friend turned ______ late _____ the cinema.
My friend turned out late at the cinema.
7.The watchman turned _____ to be the thief.
The watchman turned out to be the thief.
8. The plane took _______ at 10 o’clock.
The plane took off at 10 o’clock.
d) a. Change the following into active voice:
1. He was robbed and beaten by some unknown persons.
Some unknown persons robbed and beat him.
2. The field was ploughed, the seed was sown and the crop was harvested by the farmer himself.
The farmer himself ploughed the field, sow the seeds and harvested the crop.
(b) Change the following into passive voice:
1. She brushed, cleaned and ironed her coat.
Her coat was brushed, cleaned and ironed by her.
2. I brought this news to him.
This news was brought to him by me.
You go shopping for cloth for your school uniform. Write a dialogue with the shopkeeper of 10-15 lines.
You: Good evening.
Shopkeeper: Good evening. What do you want?
You: I want to buy cloth for my new uniform.
Shopkeeper: Ok! You are in which school?
You: I study at Jamshoro High School.
Shopkeeper: Look at this? Isn’t it the exact cloth you are looking for?
You: Oh! Yes it is exactly what I want. How much is this?
Shopkeeper: The full uniform costs you Rs. 1,000.
You: It’s too expensive uncle.
Shopkeeper: But look at the material, it’s very good and comfortable too. I’ll make it Rs. 900 just for you.
You: Thanks. Do you know any good tailor in the market?
Shopkeeper: Yes. Go straight and take left turn at the end there’s a tailor shop.
You: Thanks a lot for your guidance.
Shopkeeper: No problem. Come again, you’ll find every kind of good stuff at this shop.
You: Sure. Thanks.
- To have the lion s share: to take the biggest share of something.
Example:The stronger person generally gets the lion’s share.
Exercise:Divide the cake into equal slices and don’t keep the biggest part for yourself.(Substitute the idiom).
Divide the cake into equal slices and don’t have the lion’s share.
- To save something for the rainy day: to keep for some future necessity which may arise.
Example: Don’t spend all your money. Keep something for a rainy day.
Exercise: He wasted all his savings and has kept nothing for any unforeseen need which may arise.(Substitute the idiom).
He wasted all his savings and has kept nothing for the rainy day.
- To cry over spilt milk: To grieve over something uselessly.
Example:There’s no sense in crying over spilt milk. If the glass is broken, just buy another one.
Exercise:The damage has been done, but instead of wasting time feeling sorry, do something to repair it.(Substitute the idiom).
The damage has been done, but don’t cry over spilt milk, do something to repair it.
- It’s high time: the moment has already come.
Example:The movie will start in fifteen minutes so it’s high time we left.
Exercise: The exams begin next month so you should have begun studying seriously by now.(Substitute the idiom).
The exams begin next month so it’s high time for studying seriously by now.