Cha 8 Stopping Woods Snowy Evening Federal Class 9 English Notes 2021
Unit 8 Stopping Woods Snowy Evening Federal Class 9 English Notes 2021, Comprehension – A, Grammar, Writing Skills, Review exercise, Summarize the poem, stanza, paraphrase, and short long question.
stopping by woods on a snowy evening poem
Table of Contents
Comprehension – A
Q.1) Who is the speaker in the poem ?
Answer: The speaker in the poem is the poet himself, who is riding the horse.
Q.2) Whom does the speaker refer to in the first stanza of the poem ?
Answer: The speaker refers to the owner of the wood in the first stanza.
Q.3) Why does the speaker stop on ‘the darkest evening of the year’?
Answer: The speaker stops on ‘the darkest evening of the year’ because the woods look dark, deep, and lovely on a snowy evening.
Q.4) Why does the horse impatiently await the next move of his master?
Answer: The horse impatiently awaits the next move of his master as there is no farmhouse nearby. It would not get any food or rest. It is also afraid that he might have made some mistake.
Q.5) The speaker in the poem is captivated by the beauty of nature. Why doesn’t he stop for long to enjoy nature’s beauty?
Answer: The poet in the poem is captivated by the beauty of woods. They are dark, deep and lovely. Although the poet enjoys the beautiful scene but he cannot stay there for long because he has made promises. He has some tasks to accomplish before he goes to bed.
Q.1) Underline the words and phrases that depict clear imagery in the poem
Answer: Visual: woods, his house is in the village, fill up with snow, between the woods and frozen lake, darkest evening of the year, lovely, dark and deep. Auditory: harness bells, of easy wind and downy flake.
Q.1) Identify alliterations and metaphors in the poem
Answer: Alliteration: Whose woods these are I think I know His house is in the village though He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer He gives his harness bells a shake The only other sound’s the sweep The woods are lovely, dark and deep
Metaphors: Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow. My little horse must think it queer To stop without a farmhouse near Between the woods and frozen lake The darkest evening of the year. He gives his harness bells a shake To ask if there is some mistake. The only other sound’s the sweep Of easy wind and downy flake. The woods are lovely, dark and deep, But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep, And miles to go before I sleep. In lines 1, 4, 7, 13 the woods are considered as an extended metaphor for death and end of life. In line 4 of the poem, the same woods can be seen as a clear and crisp image as the speaker describes them filling with snow.
Q.1) Paraphrase the following
The woods are lovely, dark and deep But I have promises to keep, And miles to go before I sleep. And miles to go before I sleep.
Answer: Although the woods are pretty and pleasant to him he has to keep going because of his responsibility to fulfill his promises before the day ends.
Grammar Stopping Woods Snowy Evening
Q.A) Replace each of the following underlined Adjective Phrases by an Adjective
1. He wore a turban made of silk. 2. He is a man without a friend. 3. Nobody likes a person with a bad temper. 4. It is of no use. 5. He is a man of sense.
Answer: He wore a silk turban. He is friendless. Nobody likes a bad-tempered person. It is useless. He is a sensible man.
Q.B) Replace each of the following underlined Adverbs with an Adverb Phrase.
1. The pigeon flies swiftly. 2. He built his house there. 3. He tried hard. 4. He spoke eloquently. 5. Did Sara behave well?
Answer: The pigeon flies at a swift speed. He built his house at that place. He tried with all effort. He spoke with eloquence. Did Sara behave in a good manner?
Q.C) Make three sentences using adjective phrases and three sentences using adverb phrases.
Answer: Adjective Phrases: A person smarter than me needs to figure this out. That complex has quite small but cheap apartments. The extremely tired kitten fell asleep by her food dish.
Adverb Phrases Meet me at the mall. They have a house by the ocean. She slammed the door in a huff.
Q.A) Summarize the poem “ stopping by the woods on a snowy evening”
Answer: This poem was written by Robert Frost on the theme of winter associated with loneliness, peace, and death. The speaker was traveling with his horse and then he stopped by the woods close to the neighbor’s house. He was quite enchanted with the snowflakes and the tranquility of his surroundings. All of a sudden his horse became curious about their stay as he found no farmhouse nearby. According to the speaker, it was the darkest evening of the year between the woods and the frozen lake. The horse rang his harness bells so to ask a question from his master.
The surrounding was engulfed with so much serenity that one could only hear the sound of the chilly wind and the snowflakes falling down from the gloomy sky. The speaker found himself in love with the beauty and calmness of the ambiance around him but he had to keep his promise to return back to his home before sleep time and he knew the fact very well that it will take miles to reach his home so he made a decision with a heavy heart to go back to his home.
Q.B) Write an essay contrasting living in the city with living in the country
Answer: One can simply say that there is no match between city and country life. If you are a nature lover, you would definitely prefer to live your life in a peaceful, serene and beautiful scenario of the countryside. On the other hand, if you have a desire to have facilities, luxuries, and hustle-bustle in your life, you must go-ahead for the city life. First keeping city life in mind, money is considered the most important thing for the people leading a city life as they have to fulfill their worldly desires and requirements. In this race, sometimes they leave behind their relationships as well.
In cities, people can easily get a quality education and can have better job opportunities. People living in cities are more prone to catch diseases because of pollution, noise, and unhealthy foodstuff. Country life focuses more on relationships than on money. People are simple in nature and love to do farming and cattle breeding. They have no lust for facilities and luxuries that’s why the crime rate is quite low in the countryside. The dark side of country life is the non-availability of quality education, fewer medical facilities, and fewer job opportunities.
Although both lives have their own advantages and disadvantages, one cannot deny the strong bonding between the two.
Review exercise(Comprehension – A)
Q.1) What do the daffodils represent in the poem?
Answer: Daffodils represent nature and its impact of human beings.
Q.2) How has the poet heightened the impact of the poem by using figurative language?
Answer: The poet has used figurative language in the poem. “They stretched in never-ending line” and “Ten thousand I saw at the glance” are beautiful uses of exaggeration.
Q.3) What was Quaid’s concept of our nation?
Answer: Quaid-e-Azam talked about Pakistan in clear terms. He called Pakistan, “Our Nation”. He said that the Muslims of the subcontinent were a nation with distinctive culture, civilization, language, and literature with their own distinctive outlook.
Q.4) How can we become a strong nation?
Answer: We can become a strong nation by acting upon the golden rules and principles given to us by our Quaid, Muhammad Ali Jinnah. We need to remember his advice, “It is now up to you to work, work and work and we are bound to succeed”.
Q.5) What does love of our country demand from us?
Answer: The love for our country demands us to be sincere to ourselves, to our country and to our nation. We have to work hard and struggle for its integrity and safety.
Q.6) How does the interior of the mosque look?
Answer: The interior of the mosque is embellished with blue tiles, which gives it a magnificent view.
Q.7) Why was a separate royal room attached to the mosque?
Answer: The royal room was attached never-ending the mosque which had its own pulpit that used to be decorated with jade and roses.
Q.8) Why does the horse impatiently await the next move of his master?
Answer: The horse impatiently awaits the next move of his master because there is no farmhouse nearby where he can eat and take some rest.
Review exercise(Comprehension – B)
Q A) Paraphrase the following lines.
Whose woods these are I think I know. His house is in the village though; He will not see me stopping here To watch his woods fill up with snow.
Answer: He is wondering about the owner of the woods, who must be living in the village. He will be not able to see him watching his woods as they engulf in the snow.
Review exercise(Writing Skills)
Q.1) Write a paragraph on any social issue/topic.
• Show a clear topic sentence. • a • Appropriate pronoun-antecedent relationship and transitional devices within the paragraph. • Order of arranging details, e.g. general to specific, sequential, etc.
Answer: 1) Land pollution Mixing harmful substances with soil is called land pollution. When we hear a person describing a place as ‘dirty’, what usually comes to our minds is the bad condition of the place. The place, which could be your bedroom, is imagined to have clothes scattered on the floor and books unarranged on the shelf. However, I define the word ‘dirty’ in a more specific manner. ‘Dirty’ in my definition, means that there is rubbish or litter on the floor. This makes the atmosphere of that certain place unpleasant not only to the eye but also to the mind.
Land pollution is, therefore, the filthiness of the land. It comes due to inconsiderate dumping of waste, littering, and ineffective waste disposal methods. When the natural soil gets mixed with harmful and toxic elements due to various means, it pollutes the soil and alters its original physical and chemical characteristics. Animals’ waste pollutes the land. People across the globe have been facing several health problems caused due to the pollution of land. Talking about land pollution,
it has some of the most devastating effects on both nature and living beings. Soil pollution is quite harmful and dangerous for human life as well as on plants and animals. Soil pollution slowly and steadily causes environmental and air pollution as well by vaporization of various harmful chemicals from the contaminated land. Polluted land results in further pollution of plants and groundwater resources which ultimately leads to polluting entire the entire food web in the ecosystem. Human intake of these substances causes many harmful diseases that are incurable at the time: for example, cancer and hepatitis.
Land pollution indirectly affects the respiratory system of human beings. Breathing in polluted dust or particle can result in several health problems related to the respiratory system. Skin problems are often diagnosed due to land pollution. It is said that the improper disposal of household wastes leads to allergic reactions on the skin. Land pollution should be overcome to avoid such diseases. Awareness programs and participation of the layman in the cleaning process play a vital role in the process. Every person should be made responsible for the damage to the earth.
Q.2) Write any expository composition showing comparison and contrast between things, events, situations, places, actions, ideas or problems.
2) Which is better— Movie or Book? The world we are living in is no doubt a world of interaction, communication, and technology. The more you get into the latest techniques or use gadgets of modern life, the more you are considered to be a knowledgeable or up-to-date individual. There are numerous ways of gaining knowledge and information, but the most eminent are books and movies. It is not an easy task to select the best one for you but, in my point of view, it is the book that has undeniable benefits.
The first and the foremost advantage of reading books is the improvement of your vocabulary. This not only helps you in writing but gives a marvelous boost to your articulation skills as well. Secondly, if you are feeling stressed because of any reason, the swiftest, most economical and straightforward way to release your tension is reading a book, because it transports you to a world of dreams and fantasy thus helping you forget your tension, problems, and worries for a while.
Coming towards the next point, it is an ultimate path towards the destination of intelligence and prudence. A good book provides you a vast canvas to think artistically and imagine vividly. Last but not least, the fact which makes books a better choice for acquiring knowledge is that it is an inexpensive approach and does not depend on place or electricity.
Q.3) Write an essay on a general subject:
I. With a clear introductory paragraph. II. Provide key ideas that prove explain or support the central thought. III. Use separate paragraphs for each key idea. IV. Incorporate evidence (facts, quotations), examples (analogies, anecdotes, etc), or different points of view (elaborating an idea/opinion) to support each key idea. V. Use appropriate transitional devices to connect ideas within and between paragraphs. VI. Add a closing or summary paragraph with a synthesis of the central idea, synthesis of each supporting idea, a general concluding statement. VII. Use correct conventions of grammar and punctuation. VIII. Use appropriate vocabulary.
Answer: 3) Education Problems in Pakistan Pakistan is a solitary state that is achieved on the name of Islam and its principles of life and Islam is the only religion that gives utmost significance to education with the use of the word ‘Iqra’, meaning ‘knowledge’. The Holy Prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H) had enjoined his followers to go to the greatest mile in the pursuit of knowledge. In other words, we can simply say that Education should be considered as the right arm for the development, progress, and prosperity of Pakistan but we are the people who invited hard luck to strike us with our negligence and informal mindset in the field of Education.
In my opinion, there are no education problems in Pakistan other than “Education is a problem in Pakistan.” Let me elaborate on my point of view. The first thing that rings a bell in the mind of any sensible person is that why there is clear discrimination in the system of education in Pakistan with the titles of “English medium” and “Urdu medium” schools? There should be one system that has to be followed throughout the country to prove equality. Secondly, the politicians just see Pakistan with the eyes of their regional supremacy other than national integrity. That’s why one can see an obvious difference between the education systems of the provinces.
Now, coming towards the third point is the fund allocation by the government to the educational sector. It is only 1.5 to 2.0 percent of the total GDP whereas it should be around 7% of the total GDP. Sometimes funds are allocated even than they are not utilized for the betterment of the concerned sector because of the corruption factor which is, unfortunately, prevailing in every department of the country.
Education is one of the top list businesses of Pakistan. The reason behind this is the fee structure that is developed by the private schooling system. There is no check and balance by the government on this aspect of such schools. “The higher the fees, the better the school” is the wrong criteria in the minds of the people of Pakistan which should be changed on an urgent basis. Although it is quite difficult to conclude such an alarming issue of Pakistan, it should be given top priority by the government officials to raise the standard, equality, and literacy in the country.