Question 1. Why does filtration take place only at the glomerular part of the nephron and nowhere else?
Question 2. Which technique ue is used for the removal of kidney stones?
Question 3. What regulatory mechanism is used by terrestrial mammals for warm temperatures?
Question 4. What are vasodilation and vasoconstriction?
Question 5. What are the vasa recta?
Question 6. What is urethra?
Question 7. What is ureter?
Question 8. What is uremia?
Question 9. What is the urea cycle?
Question 10. What is the role of cold receptors in cold temperatures?
Question 11. What is the most common way of lithotripsy?
Question 12. What is the isotonic environment?
Question 13. What is the Hypertonic environment?
Question 14. What is the difference between the excretory system of insects and other animals?
Question 15. What is shivering thermogenesis?
Question 16. What is the role of aldosterone and antidiuretic hormones in the kidney?
Question 17. What is renal failure?
Question 18. What is protonephridium?
Question 19. What is the percentage of the incidence of different types of stones?
Question 20. What is non-shivering thermogenesis?
Question 21. What is nephron?
Question 22. What is hemodialysis?
Question 23. What is glomerulus?
Question 24. What is glomerular filtrate?
Question 25. What is excretion?
Question 26. What is evaporative cooling?
Question 27. What is ebony?
Question 28. What is dialyzer?
Question 29. What is dialysis?
Question 30. What is the counter-current multiplier?
Question 31. What is brown fat?
Question 32. What is Bowman’s capsule?
Question 33. What is blubber?
Question 34. What is bilirubin?
Question 35. What is a hypotonic environment?
Question 36. What do you know about homeostasis?
Question 37. What are xerophytes?
Question 38. What are structural adaptations for temperature regulation in animals?
Question 39. What are pyrogens?
Question 40. What are poikilotherms(cold-blooded)?
Question 41. What are peritubular capillaries?
Question 42. What are osmoregulators?
Question 43. What are osmoconformers?
Question 44. What are nephridiopores?
Question 45. What are metanephridium?
Question 46. What are metabolic wastes?
Question 47. What are mesophytes?
Question 48. What are malpighian tubules?
Question 49. What are juxtamedullary nephrons?
Question 50. What are hypercalcemia and hyperoxaluria?
Question 51. What are Hydrophytes?
Question 52. What are homeotherms(warm-blooded)?
Question 53. What are heterotherms?
Question 54. What are heat-shock proteins?
Question 55. What are flame cells?
Question 56. What are excretophore?
Question 57. What are endotherms?
Question 58. What are ectotherms?
Question 59. What are cortical nephrons?
Question 60. What are ammonotelic, ureotelic, and uricotelic?
Question 61. Name the excretory structures in the animal kingdom that are associated with the digestive tract.
Question 62. Mention two metabolic altered states that generally cause kidney stone formation.
Question 63. In what form nitrogen is excreted by animals?
Question 64. How thermoreceptors are involved in high-temperature regulation?
Question 65. How plants respond to cold stress?
Question 66. How plants are distributed on the basis of osmoregulation?
Question 67. How peritoneal dialysis is done?
Question 68. How marine mammals regulate the temperature in the warm season?
Question 69. How land mammals respond to cold weather?
Question 70. How do ascend and descending loop of Henle differ in their physiology yet contribute to sustaining a high concentration of kidney interstitium?
Question 71. Define thermoregulation.
Question 72. Define osmoregulation?
Question 73. Define excretion.
Question 74. Define anhydrobiosis.
Question 75. Account one main adaptation in plants to high and low temperatures.
Question 76. What is the thermostat of the body in humans?
Question 77. List the substances synthesized by the liver.
Question 78. Water, salts and sebum are excreted by skin but still, it is not considered as an excretory organ. Why?
Question 79. Write the position and function of sphincter muscles in the excretory system.
Question 80. How do bony fishes maintain osmoregulation?