English notes class 12th federal board Chapter #7

English notes class 12th federal board Chapter #7 Lesson from The Battle of Uhud (FBISE English Notes) solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, Study Questions Recalling, Interpreting, Extending, Writing Skills, Language Study Exercise 1, and Language Study Exercise 2.

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Lesson from The Battle of Uhud English notes class 12th federal board Chapter #7

Study Questions Recalling

Q 1. What was the composition of the army of the Qureish that marched to Madina?

Answer:
After the humiliating defeat at the battle of Badar, the Qureish wanted to take revenge for their earlier defeat in order to teach a lesson to the Muslims. For that purpose, they composed an army of 3, 000 warriors who marched towards the sacred city of Madina. Abu Sufyan served as their leader. The force was not only armed with war weapons but their women also accompanied them to raise their morale by singing inspirational songs. Along with the wisest warriors, every adult was also the competent part of the force.

Q 2. What, in the opinion of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), was the best course of action with regard to the strength of the enemy?

Answer:
Although Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was the wisest among all but he always preferred to take advice from his companions on most of the matters. When he (S.A.W.W) heard the news of the multitude of Qureish approaching Madina, he consulted his companions of war strategy. With regard to the best course of action to be taken against the strength of the enemy, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was of the opinion of staying in Madina and let the enemy besiege the city.

Q 3. What strategy did the Holy Prophet (SAW) have in mind when he thought of allowing the enemy to besiege Madina?

Answer:
By proposing the strategy of enemy besieging the city of Madina, it was in the mind of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) that the Muslims were far shorter than the huge army of Qureish, so if the city would be besieged by the enemies, they must have to split their force in order to deploy at various places. As a result of this, it would place Muslims at a better position to attack at the place where the concentration of the enemy was the weakest.

Q 4. What were the two opinions regarding facing the army of the Qureish?

Answer:
In order to give a relentless blow of defeat to the Qureish once again, the Muslims formed two groups possessing and presenting their own opinions. One group comprising of Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) and some other wiser ones were of the opinion to stay in Madina and let the Qureish besiege the city. On the other hand, the second group was of young enthusiastic individuals who wanted to save the city and stop the army outside Madina and let the war initiate at the open place.  

Q 5. What did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) decide finally?

Answer:
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) knew it quite well that regarding the defensive strategy, his point of view would prove to be the best one in favor of the Muslims to defeat the army of Qureish. Although he (S.A.W.W) was reluctant to leave Madina but just to give weight to the decision of the fervent young ones to keep the army away from Madina, he made the final verdict to confront the enemy in the open field outside Madina.  

Q 6. How did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) arrange his army at Uhud in preparation for the battle?

Answer:
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) congregated 1,000 persons to take part in the battle of Uhud. When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) gave orders to his soldiers to march towards the battlefield, 300 of the individuals proved to be the hypocrites so they refused to take part in the fight. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) then had the strength of 700 persons only. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) wisely arranged the army in such a manner that Muslim warriors took positions on the rising top at Uhud. He also ordered a band of archers to take a position at a joining mound and do not leave the position at any cost without taking permission from him.

Q 7. What instructions did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) give to the band of archers who were ordered to take up position on a mound?

Answer:
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was only a great ruler but also proved to be an excellent commander and war planner. After giving the description of their places, Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) elucidated the duty and responsibility to the warriors and band of archers that had to take up positions on and at the adjoining mound of Uhud. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) instructed the band of archers not to leave their posts under any circumstances; they win or lose, without his consent.

Read more: English notes class 12th federal board Chapter #6

Q 8. What did the archers do when they saw the enemy retreating in defest?

Answer:
Wealth has such a charisma that sometimes it just makes the person blind. In other words, one can say that greed is a lust. The same happened with the obedient Muslims too. On observing the Qureish retreating in defeat they forgot the orders and instructions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) to stay at their place. The archers left their posts hurriedly in order to collect booty with other Muslims.

Q 9. What changed the course of the battle of Uhud?

Answer:
The course of the battle changed quite dramatically and unexpectedly. When the band of archers showed their greediness towards wealth or weapons by leaving their positions without the approval of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), Khalid bin Waleed (commander of the Qureish army) took advantage of this situation. He rushed with his cavalry and attacked from behind killing ten of the Muslims. They were now in a better position to surround and attack the Muslims not only from the rear but from the front too.

Q 10. What was the confusion regarding the companion who bore resemblance to the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W)?

Answer:
Among many others, a sahabi Mas’ab bin Omair (R.A) fought bravely with the enemies but fell at last. He had some physical resemblance with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). When the Qureish saw him dead, they shouted ecstatically that Muhammad (S.A.W.W) had been killed. On the other hand, Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) while fighting with the army was wounded and fell in a pit where other dead bodies of his followers were lying too. This was the confusion that generated due to the resemblance of Ma’sab bin Omair (R.A) with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). 

Q 11. Who took the wounded Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) out of the pit to a safer place?

Answer:
Hazrat Ali (R.A) the son-in-law, cousin and passionate companion of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was the one who noticed the absence of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) first from the battlefield. He started searching him around the place where he saw the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) last. When he reached there, he saw Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) lying in a pit. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was wounded during the fight that’s why it was quite difficult for him to come out of the pit by himself so Hazrat Ali (R.A) with the help of Hazrat Abu Bakr (R.A) and Hazrat Umar (R.A) took him out of the pit. Then the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was safely lead to a safer place away from the battlefield.

Q 12. Who did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) charge to launch a counter attack?

Answer:
After getting hurt, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) had to take a decision to send someone for the counter-attack as the battle was still going on between the Muslims and the army of Qureish. Hazrat Ali (R.A) received the honor for performing that job and showing his passion for the grandeur of Islam. Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) gave him the responsibility as he knew it well that Hazrat Ali (R.A) was not only ardent to have a fight with the enemy but had the valor to bash the army courageously too. 

Q 13. Who did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) send his own sword to continue fighting?

Answer:
While combating violently with the force of Qureish with full zeal and zest, Hazrat Ali (R.A) broke his sword. On knowing this, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) ordered someone to take his sword and give it to Hazrat Ali (R.A) to continue the fight. From then onwards, the fierce attack of the Muslims forced the enemy to move back from the battlefield.  

Q 14. What did Abu Sufyan boast about when leaving the battleground?

Answer:
Abu Sufyan who was the commander of the army of Qureish although felt ashamed by the defeat but he tried to conceal his disgrace of crush by giving it another look. At the time of leaving the battlefield, he showed off by saying that we have taken our revenge from the Muslims for the defeat at the battle of Badar and he gave threat too that next time when we face any confrontation with the Muslims, we would completely obliterate them.

Q 15. How was the mistake of the archers a tactical mistake?

Answer:
The blunder of the archers was a tactical mistake from the strategic point of view. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) deployed the band of archers at the mound which was an important post for their defense from the enemy. They had to stay there under all circumstances as per directions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). The act of leaving of their post till next order from the commander resulted in a heavy loss which changed the outcome of the battle.

Q 16. What did the companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) learn from the battle of Uhud?

Answer:
It is not a wise act to disobey the instructions of your leader; otherwise, sometimes you have to face unfavorable outcome. After leaving the post and observing its result in the form of chaos, the companions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) learnt from the battle of Uhud a valuable lesson not to disobey the instructions of their leader whatever the circumstance is. They never even think of disobeying the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) in the future.


Interpreting

Q 17. How was the battle of Uhud an extension of the battle of Badr?

Answer:
The Qureish, one of the notable tribe of Arab were against the propagation of Islam since its emergence. They were not only against the principles of Islam but also tried to create problems for the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) and his companions in the spread of Islam to the other parts of Arabia. The battle of Badr was the first battle which was fought between the Muslims and the Qureish in 2 Hijri. In this battle, the Muslims got victory over the Qureish. Seventy warriors of Qureish were killed by the iron hand of the Muslims. It was quite difficult for the Qureish to forget that crushing defeat in the battle of Badr and they were burning over it. In order to take revenge from the Muslims, the Qureish launched a war against the Muslims which was fought at the place of Uhud.

Q 18. The wiser ones were in favour of staying in Madina while the younger ones wanted to meet the enemy in the open. What light do these strategies throw on the nature of the old and the young in war?

Answer:
It is a common saying that young blood is always enthusiastic and emotional. The same happened at the time of the battle of Uhud. When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) took advice from the council of war about the war strategy, two different groups were formed on the basis of opinions. The old and wise including the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was of the opinion to stay in Madina and let the army besiege the city. On the other hand, the young ones being poignant and passionate about taking part in the battle put forward their opinion of stopping the enemy outside Madina and must have a battle at an open place. These strategies show that the young are always eager and sometimes they take emotional decisions which lack in attaining high objectives. The old and wiser ones always take the decisions after much deliberation and consultation. The old ones are the experienced people, who have an extensive approach to life’s up and down. Their views always carry weight.

Q 19. Why did the Holy Prophet (S.WA.W.) command his companions to occupy the high ground at Uhud?

Answer:
Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was an excellent commander who possessed the quality of planning well for not only the peace times but under the circumstance of imposed war too. He (S.A.W.W) commanded his companions to occupy the high ground at Uhud because it was the best place from the strategic point of view. They could easily hit the enemies and defend themselves. The whole movement of the enemy soldiers could easily be noticed. A band of archers was deployed at the mound for defending Muslims at the back.

Q 20. Why were the Muslims demoralised at one stage of the battle?

Answer:
A fierce battle took place at Uhud between the massive army of Qureish and the shorter number of the Muslims. In the early stage the battle was in favor of the Muslims, but because of the tactical mistake made by the archers, the battle turned in reverse, and the Qureish came to have the upper hand for a while. They attacked the Muslims from all sides and many of them were martyred. The Muslims got demoralized when they heard that Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) had been killed. They lost courage and were not willing to fight anymore as it was considered of not much importance.

Q 21. Why were the Qureish unable to take advantage of their short-lived victory?

Answer:
The Qureish when attacked the Muslims from the rear as well as front, they were quite sure to win the battle. But Hazrat Ali (R.A) commanded the Muslims with such fervor that the Muslims regained their lost hope and fought vigorously with him. At that moment, the Qureish were unable to take advantage of their short-lived victory because they didn’t get enough time to collect booty from the battlefield and they were forced to leave the battlefield and run back to Makkah empty-handed.

Q 22. Why is the battle of Uhud called a drawn battle?

Answer:
In the beginning, the Muslims fought bravely and got victory over the Qureish. The Qureish had to flee from the battlefield. Seeing the Qureish running in defeat, a band of archers, contrary to the instructions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), left their post in order to collect booty. The Qureish came back and attacked the Muslims from all sides. There were casualties on both sides. No party could get clear victory. Thus, it may be called a drawn battle.


Extending

Q 23. If the archers had not left their high post, the Qureish would have been handed another humiliating defeat. What far-reaching consequences could it have had for the future of the Muslims?

Answer:
The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W), Sahaba and the Muslims faced a number of difficulties in propagating Islam on the land of Arabia. Qureish one of the leading and influential tribe of Arabs was against Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) and Islam that’s why on and off they tried to put Muslims and their leader the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) into trouble either physically or morally.


The Muslims were forced to have fights or battles with the ones who oppose Islam. After the crushing defeat at the battle of Badr, the Qureish wanted to teach a lesson to Muslims at the holy city of Madina. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) appointed a band of archers at the mound of Uhud and advised them not to leave their post without his approval. But the archers left their position in order to collect booty and in this way the Qureish inflict heavy losses to Muslims. If the archers had not left their high post, the Qureish would have been handed another humiliating defeat which definitely has had far-reaching consequences on the future of the Muslims in certain ways as follows:

  • The Muslims would have an upper hand on the Qureish and other tribes who had a desire to crush Islam and its followers.
  • It would make the Muslims more strong and confident in terms of wealth and moral support.
  • The Muslims would tell the tribes that even having less force or weapons they were strong enough to fight against a massive army just because of their trust and faith on Allah Almighty and his Prophet (S.A.W.W).

So, the Muslims should get a lesson from this battle that whatever the circumstance be they should follow the instructions of their beloved Prophet (S.A.W.W) to get success and peace in not only this impermanent life but in the life hereafter too.

Q 24. Recalling your knowledge of the Muslim history, which battle proved that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was right in proposing to stay in Madina and let the Qureish besiege the city?

Answer:
Muslim history is full of the tales of battles, wars or fights which were fought by the Muslims for the spread of Islam. Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) has the ability to foresee the events that’s why whatever decision he makes is just for the betterment of the Muslims and for the spread of Islam in a peaceful way.
It was the battle of Uhud that proved the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) right in proposing the stay in Madina and let the Qureish besiege the city. If the Muslims especially the younger elements of the council agreed upon the advice of their leader the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) then definitely the Muslims would not face such a defeat. As the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) advised to stay in the city so the Qureish had to scatter their army personnel all around the city and it would be easy for the Muslims to attack at the place where the enemy’s force would be weak. 


Writing

The students will be asked to write in their own words the summary of the lesson.

Answer:
Summary

After the humiliating defeat at the battle of Badr, the Qureish wanted to take revenge from the Muslims. To fulfill their desire, they marched towards the holy city of Madina with the armed force of 3000 warriors. Abu Sufyan was the commander of that massive army. On hearing the news of Qureish approaching towards Madina, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) took advice from the council of war. The older ones along with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) were of the opinion to stay at Madina and let the enemy besiege the city. On the other hand, the younger elements wanted to have a fight at an open place outside Madina.

Although Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was reluctant to take up this decision but he agreed upon it. A total number of 1000 Muslims were assembled by the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) for the war but almost 300 hypocrites stepped back from taking part in the battle. Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) appointed a band of archers at the mound of Uhud to have an eagle’s eye view on the move of the enemy force. They were advised not to leave their post without getting the approval from the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). With the force of 700 people, the Muslims fought bravely and forced the enemy to move back. After realizing their defeat, the Qureish fell back and the Muslims started collecting the booty. On seeing this, the archers also left their place. When the Qureish saw the Muslims busy in collecting the booty, they attacked from the rear as well as the front, killing 10 Muslims.

This changed the altogether look of the battle. Hazrat Hamza (R.A) was also martyred in the fight. A sahabi, Mas’ab bin Omair (R.A) had resemblance with the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). On seeing him dead, the Qureish thought that they had killed the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W). They announced it loudly with the element of joy. When the Muslims heard this, they lost their hope. During the fight, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was also severely wounded and fell in the pit. When the Muslims came to know that Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) was safe and alive, they regained their strength and counter-attacked the enemy with full zeal and zest under the command of Hazrat Ali (R.A) and became successful in driving back the Qureish. The battle of Uhud is one of the important battles in the history of Islam. The Muslims learnt a lesson from it and they never disobeyed the instructions of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.W) in the future.

The students will be asked to write a short essay on “It is wise to act upon the advice of the leader”.

Answer:
“Leader”, a title that if owned by a person reflects a number of qualities such as visionary power, trust, passion, confidence, tolerance, timely decision making, sincerity, and analytical thinking.  
If someone is crowned with this title, it means that people have firm belief in him, the characteristic traits he possesses and the qualities which he holds.
One can say that yes it is wise to act upon the advice of the leader but according to me it is not always right and just, it varies according to the situation, vicinity and the consequence of the decision.
For instance, the leader of the terrorist groups led their followers towards suicide bombings, mass killings, destruction, and chaos. For having such kind of a leader, is it wise to act upon the advice of the leader? The answer is “No”.
In a nutshell, I must say Allah Almighty made human beings “Ashraf-ul-Makhlooqaat” just because of the power to contemplate and take the decision. So, it’s my recommendation to every one of us to make use of the brainpower towards optimism and precise way of living with prime focus on peace and justice.


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