Tipu Sultan, Conqueror of Mysore,
Martyrdom is not the death of a perfect man, but the birth of human life. The annihilation of life becomes the survival of the universe. Those who die of bravery and honor for the sake of the country and the nation live in the hearts and minds of their nations and become a beacon for those who yearn for freedom. Tipu Sultan was not only a mujahid but also a true believer of Iqbal. He was also a scholar and a devotee.
He was also an excellent general and an excellent administrator. He was also an experienced politician and a public leader and leader with extraordinary insight. The Lion of Mysore, the eldest son of Sultan Haider Ali, the reformist and freedom-loving ruler of India. A living example of harmony was the inventor of the Tughraq (military rocket). At a time when the British were increasing their holdings in Bengal and northern India, two mujahids were born in southern India whose names will live on in history. These were Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. Bengal And in northern India, the British did not face any fierce competition from the Muslims. No one could stand in front of their organized forces and superior weapons, but this was not the case in southern India. Here Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan fought the British aggression step by step. He proved his unparalleled political ability and resourcefulness and defeated the British many times on the battlefield. The kingdom he founded is remembered in history as the Khudadad Empire of Mysore.
Tipu Sultan Nov 20, 1750 AD (according Fri 20 Hijjah 1163 AH) was born in dyuanhaly. At present it is located in the Bangalore rural district, located 33 km (21 miles) north of Bangalore city. Tipu Sultan is named after Tipu Mastan Auliya, an elder of Arkat. He was also called Fateh Ali after his grandfather Fateh Muhammad. Haider Ali paid special attention to Tipu Sultan’s education and included him in military and political affairs at a young age. At the age of 17, Tipu Sultan was given independent control over important diplomatic and military affairs. He was considered the right hand man of his father Haider Ali who emerged as the most powerful ruler of South India.
Tipu Sultan’s full name was Fateh Ali Tipu. He was born on November 20, 1750 in Bangalore, India to Haider Ali. His father Sultan Haider Ali held the British in power in South India for 50 years and defeated the British forces many times.
Tipu Sultan said:
“A day in the life of a lion is better than a hundred years in the life of a fox.” “
You provided a strong resistance to British imperialism and took serious and practical steps to liberate the people of the subcontinent from foreign domination. The Sultan implemented far-reaching military reforms, promoted industry and trade, and reorganized the administration. The Sultan agreed that the first problem for the people of the subcontinent was the British expulsion. The Nizam and the Marhats saw Tipu’s power as a threat to their survival and allied themselves with the British.
Tipu Sultan tried to get help from Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan and France but was unsuccessful. During the last battle of Mysore, when the defeat of Sarangapattam was certain, Tipu resisted the besieging British and closed the fort, but the treacherous comrades opened the gates of the fort to the enemy and a fierce battle broke out on the fort grounds. ۔ A fire at the ammunition depot weakened the resistance. On this occasion, the French officer advised Tipu to flee to Chitradarga and save his life, but Tipu did not agree and was martyred on May 4, 1799 while fighting the enemy on the battlefield. Done.
Haider Ali started his career as a soldier in the army of the Hindu Raja of Mysore, but thanks to his bravery and ability, he soon became the commander of the Raja’s army. Fearing Haider Ali’s growing power, the Raja and his minister plotted to assassinate him, and Haider Ali seized the throne of Mysore. He still retained the Raja, but took full control of the power. His rule dates back to 1761.
Allama Iqbal has written the following verse in Zarb-e-Kaleem under the title of Sultan Tipu’s Will.
If the navigation hobby, accept no floor
Leila also note that you will not accept litter to
the casino now moving river sharper
if granted coast you accept no coast
can not be lost Sanam Top universe
Warcraft dissolved heat Warcraft Don’t accept
The angel Gabriel told me at the beginning to
be a slave to understand the heart not accept
false duality like to bring partners
participate moderate right and not void accept
Haider Ali in his 20 years of rule had to face the Marhats, Nizam Deccan and the British. Although it failed in these battles, it nevertheless established a vast state from the banks of the Malabar to the Krishna River, including the Deccan system, the Marhats and the areas snatched from the British. He defeated the British several times in the First Battle of Mysore (1767-1769) and the Second Battle (1780-1784). In the Second World War, Haider Ali united the Deccan and the Marhats to form a united front against the British, and if the Marhats and the Nizam had not betrayed him and left at the right time, at least خاتمہ کردیتا۔ The main reason for Haider Ali’s success was that he organized his forces in the most modern way with the help of the French and equipped them with the latest weapons.
Simab Akbarabadi has paid homage through the following poem.
The dead man, the faithful greet you
upon thee of mercy infinitely pay you
to humiliate me in the fate of India
or the covenant was a title of liberty
lost his hands to thee of the people
ah how bagban evening Chaman Lost
prove the idolaters it in the
Muslim Hindi Judgment Hijazi color
is just awakening dream hard for you
to witness a life eternal for you,
I still still alive veil cover
on be absorbed entity In noise
Haider Ali died suddenly while the second battle of Mysore was going on. His son succeeded Fateh Ali Tipu Sultan. Tipu Sultan was 32 years old when he ascended the throne. He was an experienced general and had fought in all the battles of Mysore in his father’s time. After the death of Haider Ali, he continued the war alone as the Marhats and the Deccan system had fallen victim to the British conspiracy and separated from the alliance. Tipu Sultan defeated the British several times and was forced to make peace with the Sultan in 1784.
Tipu Sultan was not only a good general but also a reformer. Haider Ali was illiterate but Tipu Sultan was an educated and pious man. He used to offer regular prayers and reciting the Holy Qur’an was his favorite pastime. Tipu Sultan carried out reforms to remove the moral and social evils of the people of his state. Alcohol and drugs were banned, and extravagant wedding ceremonies were banned, and Pierre Muridi was banned.
Tipu Sultan also abolished zamindari from the state and gave the land to the farmers which greatly benefited the farmers. Tipu Sultan tried to ensure that everything was ready in the state and did not have to be imported. For this purpose he set up several factories. Weapons of war also began to be manufactured in the state. During his tenure, banks were established for the first time in the state.
Although these reforms harmed the vested interests and many people turned against the Sultan, the prosperity of the people increased and the pace of development accelerated. Mysore’s prosperity has been acknowledged by an Englishman of the time in these words:
Mysore is the greenest region in India. Here is the rule of Tipu. The people of Mysore are the most prosperous in India. In contrast, English occupation is a disgrace on the face of the earth, where citizens are in a state of turmoil.
This development of Mysore under Tipu Sultan was very offensive to the British. He considered Tipu to be the biggest obstacle to his rule over South India. Hardly six years had passed since the reconciliation between the British and Mysore. Happened Tipu Sultan could not compete with this united force, so after fighting for two years, he was forced to make peace and give up half of his state.
This failure in the war proved to be very painful for Tipu Sultan. He gave up all luxuries and devoted all his attention to finding ways to save the country from the threat of the British. Disappointed by the Deccan and the Marhats, he sent ambassadors to Afghanistan, Iran and Turkey, seeking to form a united Islamic front against the British, but willing to cooperate with anyone other than Zaman Shah, the ruler of Afghanistan. Did not happen The King of Afghanistan could not go beyond Peshawar. The British had provoked Iran and invaded Afghanistan, so Zaman Shah had to return to Kabul. The Ottoman Sultan Salim III could not help Tipu Sultan against the British because of the British help in ending the occupation of Napoleon, the French conqueror from Egypt.
The British presented Tipu Sultan with conditions for peace that no respectable ruler could accept. Nawab Odh and Nizam Deccan had accepted these conditions and accepted the supremacy of the British but Tipu Sultan rejected these conditions. In 1799, the British launched the Fourth Battle of Mysore. This time the British army was commanded by Lord Wellesley, who later became known as General Wellington after defeating Napoleon in the famous Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
The Sultan was defeated in this battle by the treachery of Prime Minister Mir Sadiq and Ghulam Ali and other officials, and he was martyred on May 4, 1799, fighting valiantly outside the gates of the capital, Sarangapatnam. How glorious was his death in comparison to Siraj-ud-Daulah, Wajid Ali Shah and Bahadur Shah Zafar. When British General Harris was informed of the Sultan’s death, he shouted, “Now India is ours.” ۔ The British celebrated the Sultan’s death by ringing church bells and performing religious rites, and the East India Company rewarded its employees. It was an announcement that British power in India was now stable and no longer a threat.
Tipu Sultan’s life was the life of a true Muslim. He was free from religious prejudice. That is why non-Muslims held high positions in his army and state. Tipu Sultan named his kingdom the Kingdom of God. Despite being rulers, they considered themselves ordinary people. Ablution and recitation of the Qur’an were among your routines. Avoid appearances. He used to start every royal edict with Bismillah-ur-Rehman-ur-Rehman. They used to sleep on the ground.
There is no doubt that after the death of Aurangzeb Alamgir, there is no third ruler in Islamic India like Nizam-ul-Mulk Asif Jah, Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan. Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan in particular have a high place in Islamic history because they fought the British in the fall with unparalleled courage and wisdom. Both father and son are among the rulers of the Fall who benefited from new inventions. He tried to understand the demands of the time and felt the need for military, administrative and social reforms in his country.
He organized his forces in a modern way with the help of the French, which enabled him to compete with the British continuously for 35 years and defeat them many times. This feat was not accomplished by any other ruler in the second half of the eighteenth century. The fact is that Haider Ali and Tipu Sultan fought as successfully as the British in the subcontinent No other Muslim or non-Muslim ruler has done so. Tipu Sultan was a contemporary of Saleem III of the Ottoman Empire.
Tipu Sultan is called the ruler of seven languages. You had access to many languages, including Arabic, Persian, Urdu, French, and English. He was very keen on reading and owned a private library which contained about 2000 books. In addition, he was very interested in science. You are called the inventor of rocket making in the subcontinent.
Tipu Sultan died on May 4, 1799 in Saranga Patam, India while fighting against the British. And while reciting a verse from the Qur’an, the young lion, the heroic soldier of Islam who fought the British under the broken wall of Saranga Patam on May 4 and was martyred, our great hero whom we have forgotten.
If Iqbal’s man of faith has to see the statue, then Tipu Sultan Shaheed can be seen.
The history of the world will hardly be able to offer a precedent for this determined Sultan