Class IX Notes for swat Board Includes Compehresion review questions, and important board questions Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter 1 to 15.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #1
Q.1) What does Quran say about tolerance?
Answer: The Holy Quran says, “O you who have believed, seek help through patience and prayer. Indeed, Allah is with the patient.” (Al-Baqarah 2:153)
Q.2) The Holy Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was a man of extraordinary endurance? Explain.
Answer: The Holy Prophet was a man of extraordinary endurance and tolerance. It is his tolerance that let him forgive his worst enemies. He is an epitome of tolerance, forgiveness, endurance, and compassion. The Holy Quran describes him as Rehmatul-Lil-Alameen, which means ‘a mercy unto the whole mankind and the universe’.
Q.3) How did the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) treat the people of Makkah after victory?
Answer: After the conquest of Makkah, when everyone gathered in Khana-e-Ka’aba, the Holy Prophet asked the people of Quraish what they expected at the Prophet’s SAW hands. They asked for kindness and pity, and the Prophet (SAW), using the forgiving words of Prophet Yousuf AS and forgave his brothers. He (SAW) even forgave Abu Sufyan and his wife, who were his worst enemies.
Q.4) Why was the Rabbi asking for the repayment days before to loan was due?
Answer: The Jewish Rabbi, Zaid ibn Sanah, was asking for repayment from the Holy Prophet (PBUH) days before the loan was due because he wanted to test the Prophet’s (PBUH) tolerance.
Q.5) What does the tolerance of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) teach us?
Answer: The tolerance of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) teaches us that we should always treat people with kindness and compassion. Violence, anger, and rudeness were never a part of the Prophet’s (PBUH) personality, and neither should they be a part of ours. He showed tolerance in the face of adversity and kindness in the face of harsh treatment.
Q.6) What was the effect of Hazrat Muhammad (SAW) kindness on the Rabbi?
Answer: The effect of the kindness of the Holy Prophet’s kindness on the Rabbi was that he immediately renounced his religion and accepted Islam before the Holy Prophet (PBUH).
Q.7) What is the main idea of the lesson?
Answer: The main idea of the lesson, “Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the Model of Tolerance” was that we, like the Prophet (PBUH), should always be kind, forgiving and tolerant. Patience is a true virtue and the Prophet (PBUH) is the perfect example of what a good human should be like.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #2
Q.1) How is the youth standard bearer of a nation?
Answer: The youth of any nation are its standard bearers, as their energy, if channelized in a proper direction, can bring a great change in the social, economic, and political condition of the nation.
Q.2) According to Iqbal how can the youth change themselves?
Answer: According to Iqbal, the youth can change themselves by becoming their own emperors. He expresses that if a man becomes emperor of himself then he can lead the world in his own direction. He was aware of the fact that if the youth of the Ummah had structured their real destiny, then they could have led the Muslims of the Subcontinent out of the pit earlier than they did.
Q.3) Read the 3rd paragraph and write down the key idea.
Answer: The youth of Iqbal is a man of great character. He is determined and straightforward. He is like the Shaheen (eagle). He is an explorer, an adventurer, and seer. Iqbal’s Naujawan pursues intellect and is willing to explore undiscovered areas of life. His youth is a man of independence and self-awareness.
Q.4) What is the main idea of the lesson?
Answer: The main idea of the lesson, Iqbal’s Message to Youth, is the description of the kind of youth Allama Iqbal wished to see for the Muslim nation. His youth possesses the traits that the Shaheen (eagle) symbolizes.
Q.5) According to Iqbal, the youth shouldn’t confine to material achievement? Express your view on this statement.
Answer: Allama Iqbal is correct about youth confining to material achievement. In order to live the best life, to serve one’s nation, the youth must be dynamic. He must not limit himself to material achievement and the joys of it.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #4
Q.1) Is there any personification in this poem? If yes, where?
Answer: Yes, there is an example of personification in the poem. In the first stanza of the poem, the last line describes the daffodils “fluttering and dancing in the breeze”, which means they are moving back and forth because of the gentle wind.
Q.2) Write at least two lines showing similes.
Answer: Following are the lines showing similes: – “I wandered lonely as a cloud” – “Continuous as the stars that shine”
Q.3) What does the word “crowd” exactly mean?
Answer: The word “crowd” means a large number of the daffodils; the countless daffodils spread in a long line along the basin.
Q.4) Why does the poet compare himself to a cloud?
Answer: The poet compares himself to a cloud that floats over valleys and hills because he was walking around alone aimlessly.
Q.5) Write the main idea of the poem.
Answer: The main idea of the poem is the value of moments that seem insignificant when they are happening but are actually profound for us. Those are the moments our mind recalls when we are by ourselves in a gloomy mood, cheering us up.
Q.6) Do you like this poem? Why?
Answer: Yes, I like this poem. I like it because the poet, William Wordsworth, expresses the feeling of reminiscing about a meaningful moment perfectly. His thoughts about the beautiful daffodils represent our memories of events and sights in life that brought us great joy.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #5
Q.1) Why did the Holy Prophet (SAW) abolish the tribal distinction in Medina?
Answer: The Holy Prophet ﷺ abolished the tribal distinction in Medina in order to create harmony and co-operation.
Q.2) What did UN adopt unanimously?
Answer: The General Assembly of the United Nations unanimously adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
Q.3) How do we know that Islam is the protector of Human Rights?
Answer: We know that Islam is the protector of Human Rights as the clauses of the Madina Charter were incorporated in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights by the UN.
Q.4) Define the tolerance and give examples from the text.
Answer: Tolerance is the ability to accept and be kind to those who possess different qualities and lead a different lifestyle from us. Following are the examples of tolerance from the text: – The Madina Charter, because of its rule of accepting people of other religions and letting them practice their faith freely. – Quaid-e-Azam’s quote, in which he said that all people of Pakistan are equal citizens of the state regardless of their caste or creed. – The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, with its emphasis on freedom to practice one’s own religion and the right to live a life without being discriminated against.
Q.5) We must always honor our words. Why?
Answer: We must always honor our words because they are a promise. They represent who we are and gives a measure of our trustworthiness.
Q.6) Write an account of an act of tolerance you have shown/seen.
Answer: An account of tolerance that I have seen was when I was on my way to school on a summer morning. The day was quite hot, and everyone was frustrated and irritable. Our car stopped at a signal. Suddenly, I heard a loud crashing noise. Alarmed, I turned to look out the window and discovered that the car beside ours had been crashed into by another one. The rear bumper of the first car was quite damaged. The owner of the car was somewhat upset at first – an older man, likely on his way to work — but he forgave the driver of the other car. It was a young man who apologized profusely for his mistake. The older man patted the other man on his shoulder and just told him to be careful in the future. It was an astonishing act of forgiveness and tolerance that I probably will never forget.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #6
Q.1) What are Nasiruddin’s stories famous for?
Answer: Nasiruddin’s stories are famous for the humor. They became popular because they deal with the experiences of day to day life.
Q.2) Which anecdote from the lesson you liked the most? Why.
Answer: I liked the second anecdote, the one about the farmer, the most. I liked it because Nasiruddin’s response to the farmer’s comment on his turban and illiteracy was quite witty.
Q.3) Explain the point of laughter in the last story?
Answer: The point of laughter in the last story was Nasiruddin’s smart reply at the end. When the neighbor noticed Nasiruddin’s donkey braying in the stable, he pointed it out to Nasiruddin, who had said that he had lent it out already. He shut the door in his neighbor’s face and said that a man who believed the word of a donkey instead of his did not deserve to be lent anything.
Q.4) How were thieves treated by Nasiruddin?
Answer: When the thieves ransacked Nasiruddin’s house and asked him why he was hiding in a cupboard, Nasiruddin treated them with unexpected respect by saying he was hiding out of shame for having nothing worthy of them in his house.
Q.5) What was Nasiruddin’s explanation to the gardener?
Answer: When Nasiruddin was stealing from someone’s kitchen garden, the man demanded what he was doing here. Nasiruddin explained that a wind blew him here. When asked who uprooted the vegetables, he replied that he grabbed a hold of them to stop himself from being swept along in the wind. Finally, the gardener asked him how the vegetables ended up in Nasiruddin’s sack, he said that that was what he was wondering about when the gardener interrupted him.
Q.6) Have you ever come accross a humorous person like Nasiruddin? Compare the character of Nasiruddin with that real life person.
Answer: Yes, I have come across a humorous person like Nasiruddin. That person was our neighbor until recently. He was in his early thirties, unlike Nasiruddin, who seems to be older in the stories. The greatest similarities between Nasiruddin and our old neighbor are their quick wit and ability to find humor in grave situations. Like Nasiruddin, our old neighbor made unexpected jokes. People either really enjoyed his presence or disliked him greatly, because he spared no one with his quick answers. Reading stories about Nasiruddin reminded me of our old neighbor a lot.
Q.7) Write a note on the character of Nasiruddin using evidence from the lesson.
Answer: In the tales about Nasiruddin, we can see that he had been many different things — a tailor, a merchant, a doctor, and judge. He had also traveled widely. He was an eccentric person, with a sharp wit and unconventional actions. In the first story, he lent his cloak to his friend and somehow always managed to bring attention to it despite his friend asking him not to. In the second story, Nasiruddin wore a turban although he was illiterate. When the farmer pointed that out, Nasiruddin placed his turban on the farmer’s head and told him to read. These two stories show that he never failed to prove his point, even if the way he did so was strange. In the third story, with his daughters, Nasiruddin’s witty comment on their situation shows that he said things that were on everyone’s mind without hesitation. Similarly, in all the stories, his responses have been quick and sharp. He always found a way to do what he wanted to. Stories about him are very amusing to read. Nasiruddin was a hilarious person, always finding himself in unexpected situations and giving surprising responses to the people around him.
Swat Board Class 9 English Notes Chapter #7
Q.1) Why did Hazrat Umar (RA) weep?
Answer: Hazrat Umar (RA) wept because he was so touched by the generosity of Hazrat Usman (RA).
Q.2) Why did the Jew agree to Hazrat Usman’s (RA) offer?
Answer: While the Jew did not agree to Hazrat Usman’s (RA) offer at first, he realized that it would be more profitable to make Hazrat Usman (RA) a partner as he was a rich businessman.
Q.3) What simple steps can you incorporate into your life to foster generosity?
Answer: Some simple steps we can incorporate in our lives to foster generosity include being generous with our time and energy as well as our money. Offering help to those in need, even in the smallest things, can make us generous people. Giving money to the needy and performing small acts of kindness for the people around us while expecting nothing in return are steps we can include in our lives to become generous people.
Q.4) How did the Jew learn a bitter lesson?
Answer: The Jew learned a bitter lesson when he sold half of the share of Baire Roma to Hazrat Usman (RA). Hazrat Usman offered that share to the Holy Prophet (PBUH) and it was declared in Madina that everyone could carry as much waster they needed, free of cost, on the day appointed for Hazrat Usman (RA). Both the Jews and Muslims made full use of Hazrat Usman’s (RA) generosity and carried enough water to last for the next day as well, leaving the Jew unable to earn any profit on his days.
Q.5) What is the role of generosity in Islamic history?
Answer: The role of generosity is extremely significant in Islamic history. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) and companions have displayed incredible generosity on countless occasions throughout history and have been kind to even those who wronged them.
Q.6) Service to humanity is liked by Allah. Elaborate.
Answer: In Islam, great importance is placed on service to humanity. Service to humanity is indeed service to Allah, as Allah loves humanity. Those who love and are generous to their fellow humans – believers or unbelievers – are dear to Allah. It is one of the basic commandments of Islam that we should help and serve others. This is what we have been ordered by Allah Almighty and His Prophet (PBUH) to do, and this is what we have been taught by the Holy Quran. It is our duty to help a person who is in difficulty, whether he be a Muslim or a non-Muslim.
Q.7) What did Hazrat Usman (RA) do when the Holy Prophet (SAW) said, “Is there anyone here who would like t purchase paradise for himself in return for Bair-e-Roma”
Answer: When the Holy Prophet asked if there was anyone present at the mosque who wished to purchase paradise for himself in return for Bair-e-Roma, Hazrat Usman (RA) got up and left the mosque quietly.
Q.8) Why did Hazrat Usman(RA) keep on rejecting the offer of Hazrat Umar (RA)?
Answer: Hazrat Usman (RA) kept rejecting the offer Hazrat Umar (RA) because he had already sold is stock to Allah, who had promised to pay him much more. He had planned to distribute the flour among the people in the name of Allah.
Q.9) Identify a real-life situation/problem that could be improved with generosity and how you display personal generosity to that situation/problem?
Answer: Poverty is a major problem for many countries in the world, and a developing country like Pakistan has been struggling with this major issue since its independence. The gap between the rich and poor of Pakistan has only been widening over the years. With the generosity of the wealthy, this problem could be eliminated. Sharing even a small part of their wealth would make a great difference for the poor. While countless people are working for this cause and make generous donations often, there are many who still turn their heads away from this situation. I would like to display generosity myself, and actively work to help the impoverished of my country by making donations and educating the poor people so they can find higher-paying jobs, and protecting their rights.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #8
Q.1) What is the implicit and explicit meaning of the poem ‘Hope is the thing with feathers’?
Answer: The implicit meaning of the poem ‘Hope is the Thing with Feathers’ is the way hope never dies in the hearts of people. No matter what kind of situation we are in, hope keeps us motivated and brings us out of negative thoughts. The poem’s explicit meaning is that Hope, the bird, sings wordlessly and constantly. It keeps many people warm with its sweet voice even in horrible storms. It never asks anything return and continues to sing in the coldest places and lonely sea.
Q.2) What is the theme of the poem ‘Hope is the thing with feathers’?
Answer: The theme of the poem ‘Hope is the Thing with Feathers’ is the power of hope. The poetess beautifully describes hope through a bird, using metaphors to tell us how hope motivates mankind no matter what.
Q.3) How does the bird react to hardships in the poem ‘Hope is the thing with feathers’?
Answer: The bird reacts to hardships in the poem ‘Hope is the Thing with Feathers’ by being unabashed by them. It continues to sing its wordless song during storms, in cold places and the strange sea.
Q.4) Discuss how ‘Hope’ and ‘The Thing with Feathers’ are similar. What does the poem reveal about hope?
Answer: ‘Hope’ is what keeps us going. It motivates us in even the worst situations. ‘The thing with feathers’, the bird, is similar to hope in a way that the poetess describes it singing its sweet, wordless song even through storms. Just like hope, the bird warms the hearts of people in the coldest places and its voice keeps them company. It never asks for anything in return. The poem reveals that hope continues to stay with mankind in all kinds of situations, and does not need anything to keep going.
Q.5) What do you understand by ‘And sore must be the storm’?
Answer: ‘And sore must be the storm’ means that the obstacles that deter mankind are undoubtedly grave and painful.
Q.6) Do you like this poem? Why?
Answer: Yes, I like this poem. I like it because the poetess perfectly describes what hope does for us by using a bird — ‘the thing with feathers’ — as a metaphor. Hope is something that we are familiar with but we struggle to explain what it is for us. The poetess’ simple but profound words compare the role of hope to a bird that sings a wordless song with its sweet voice even in horrible places.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #9
Q.1) Why is Zarin Gul different from other businessmen?
Answer: Zarin Gul is different from other businessmen because he works honestly. He did not waste time and resources on extravagance and opulence. Zarin Gul knew his art like the back of his hand and never failed to satisfy his customers.
Q.2) How did the author come in touch with Zarin Gul Brothers?
Answer: The author got in touch with Zarin Gul Brothers when his father took him to his shop in Ramadan for ordering a new pair of shoes for Eid.
Q.3) Describe the shoemaker and his shop.
Answer: The owner of the shop, a middle-aged man called Zarin Gul Kaka, was authoritative and confident in his knowledge about shoes. He had wrinkles on his smiling face.
Q.4) What were Zarin Gul’s priorities in making shoes?
Answer: The priorities of Zarin Gul when making shoes were durability and suitability. His shoes always lasted for a long time.
Q.5) What is the setting of the story?
Answer: The setting of the story is a shop in a small but busy street of Qisa Khawani Bazar in Peshawar. The interior of the shop had dim lighting, and it was quiet and serene. It only contained some old wooden stools, pairs of shoes, a big smooth square stone, a heavy wooden mallet, an awl, and three-legged anvil. A small signboard showing Zarin Gul & Brothers hung at the far end of the wall, while the rest of the shop was completely barren. Zarin Gul only made shoes that were ordered.
Q.6) What is the conflict about in the story?
Answer: The conflict in the story is about the big shoe-making companies that did not make good shoes. The business of brilliant shoemakers like Zarin Gul was affected by them. According to Zarin Gul, they got it all because of advertisement and not by work.
Q.7). What was the author’s opinion about Zarin Gul as a shoe maker?
Answer: The author’s opinion about Zarin Gul as a shoemaker was of admiration and respect. He saw Zarin Gul as an authoritative shoemaker, who was the best at his art.
Q.8) Why did the author visit the shop after a long time?
Answer: The author visited Zarin Gul’s shop after a long time because he left Peshawar to pursue his higher studies and career. He could not have the opportunity to visit Zarin Gul’s shop until he returned after several years.
Q.9) What was Zarin Gul’s complaint against ‘big firms’?
Answer: Zarin Gul’s complaint against ‘big firms’ was that they used advertisement instead of their work to move forward in the shoemaking trade. According to him, they had no self-respect.
Q.10) Retell the story in the form of a dialogue.
Answer: The Fantastic Shoemaker (It is a day in the holy month Ramadan, a young boy is going somewhere with his father down a small but busy street. They pause in front of a monstrous sign in black, “Peshawari Chappal” overhung a faint colored wooden door of a shop. They enter the shop. Its inside is quiet and serene as that of a sacred place. There were some old wooden stools and, in the window, some pairs of shoes were visible. A big smooth square stone, a heavy wooden mallet, an awl, and three-legged anvil can be observed on the right side of the shop. The rest of the shop is empty because the shoemaker only made shoes that were ordered. At the far end of the wall of the shop there hangs a small signboard, showing Zarin Gul & Brothers.) Author (the young boy): Isn’t it awfully hard to make shoes in such tough conditions? Zarin Gul: It is an art. (At another visit) Author: Zarin Gul Kaka, my last pair of shoes made a creaking sound, you know. Zarin Gul: It shouldn’t have creaked. Author: It did, I am afraid. Zarin Gul: Send them back. I will look at them. Some shoes are bad from birth. If I can do nothing with them, I will give back the amount you paid for them. (After fifteen years, the author visits Zarin Gul’s shop) Zarin Gul: Do you want any shoes? I can make them quickly because I have plenty of free time. (Zarin Gul sees author’s branded shoes) Zarin Gul: Those are not my shoes. (places his finger on a place on the author’s shoes) It hurts you there. Do the big shoemaking companies have no self-respect? The big multinationals have extended their tentacles into the shoe-making trade. These big firms use their hands not their brains and experience. Author: Why didn’t you join these big firms if your trade isn’t doing well? Zarin Gul: I am an artist, not a machine who will blindly follow their irrational and stupid dictations. They get it all by advertisement, not by work. Author: (after ordering many pairs of shoes out of pity) Let me pay you in advance. Zarin Gul: No, pay it when the shoes are ready to deliver. (A week later) Author: (looking for Zarin Gul although the signboard of his shop has been replaced by that of a famous brand) Zarin Gul Kaka? A young man: No, but we can attend to anything with pleasure. We’ve taken the shop over. Author: Yes, yes. But where is Zarin Gul Kaka? Young man: Oh! Dead. Author: Dead! But I have to receive the shoes that I ordered last week. Young man: Ah! Poor old man starved himself. Slow starvation, the doctor called it! He never gave himself time to eat; never had a penny in the house. All went in rent and leather. Author: (going back with a heavy heart) Do the big shoemaking companies have no self-respect?
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #10
Q.1) What is the role of technology in daily life?
Answer: Technology is playing a vital role in our lives. Each and every activity of humans is now dependent on technology whether it is related to the kitchen, home, office or business. In everyday life, we are using and becoming more and more dependent on technological equipment or gadgets such as mobile phones, i-pads, laptops etc. Even in our kitchens, we are making good use of technology by using juicers, blenders, microwave ovens etc.
Q.2) Discuss how you use technology at home and in your personal life.
Answer: We are using technology in our homes in the form of television, microwave oven, internet, computer, laptops, mobiles, vacuum cleaners etc. In one’s personal life, people are using technology through the internet, mobile phones, laptops etc.
Q.3) How does technology help transportation?
Answer: Technology has greatly improvised the transportation system. AS time is very precious so every one of us wants to utilize it to the fullest, therefore, people want to reach their destination in less time. The invention of cars, trains, planes and ships give a boost to the transportation system. It becomes such a necessity that some people think of advanced technology in transportation just like food or shelter.
Q.4) What is the importance of technology in agriculture?
Answer: Technology has played a significant role in the field of agriculture. With the help of latest advancement in agriculture and due to the newly emerging field of biodiversity, scientists are able to determine the climatic changes that favor various plants, they are now in a position to grow crops in a desert and also such plants that can survive in drought conditions. That’s not all, through genetic engineering scientists are introducing new traits into existing genes in order to make the crops resistant to droughts and pests.
Q.5) How is technology being used to generate cheap electricity?
Answer: Technology has given an upper hand to mankind that enables him to generate electricity by using the natural resources such as the sun, water and wind. People are now able to build large dams to store excess water which is used to generate power later on. Apart from this, by making a positive use of technology people have developed the system of windmills that help to generate electricity just by using the power of wind. The solar system is an example of the latest technological advancement in generating cheap electricity. In such a system, the energy of the sun is stored in solar panels that help to run many of our electrical appliances and gadgets at homes or offices.
Q.6) What is the impact of technology on medicine?
Answer: The impact of technology on medicine is great. Doctors and scientists are in a better position to discover new medicines to cure various diseases. Furthermore, a number of modern electronic equipment are developed that not only improved the quality of treatment people get at medical institutions but also help the doctors in discovering most health problems while they are still in the developing phase. The more early they know about the disease, the more efficiently they can give proper treatment to the deceased and thus are able to save the lives of many in no time.
Q.7) Does technology impact culture and society? How?
Answer: Yes, technology has a direct and positive impact on culture and society. Through the effective use of technology, people are now able to efficiently communicate with one another, they can cover huge distances in less time, they are able to grow crops under severe conditions of drought etc. With respect to societal advancement, technology has helped it a lot it in making progress at a fast pace and it allowed us to reach the new heights of advancement that people were unable to imagine years before. If there is no technology, both the culture and society seem to be stagnant and no progress can be made in any walk of life.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #11
Q.1) What is first aid?
Answer: First aid is the immediate help that is given to the injured or sick until full medical treatment is available or he has been taken to the hospital. It is basically all about using your common sense in such a way that helps the person in saving his life without doing any harm.
Q.2) Discuss a situation in which you provided first aid to someone.
Answer: It was evening time when we were playing cricket in our street. One of my teammates fell very badly and got injured while trying to catch the ball hit by the batsman quite high. As soon as he fell to the ground, blood profusely came out from his right arm. All of us panic at that time. I remained calm and quickly ran to my home. I picked up my first aid kit and returned to the place where my teammate was lying and screaming with pain. I took out a clean cloth from the kit and put it over the wound. Then I apply pressure and elevate it so that the blood would stop. Later on, we all helped him in getting up. I called his parents who took him to the nearby clinic for proper medication.
Q.3) What will you do if someone cuts his foot and is bleeding?
Answer: If someone cuts his foot and is bleeding, the first thing I would do is to make a call on the emergency phone number for help. Then, I put a clean cloth over the wound, apply some pressure and elevate it so to stop the blood for a while.
Q.4) You’re having lunch with a friend and he begins to choke on some food. How can you help?
Answer: If any of my friends, begins to choke on some food, I should do the abdominal thrust. Then I wrap my arms around him and quickly pull in and up with my fist. In this way, the air that is forced up help in dislodging the object and help my friend to have a smooth breathing again.
Q.5) A passenger travelling in bus with you is complaining of breathlessness and a tight pain in the chest. You suspect a heart attack. What should you do?
Answer: If I find the passenger is having a heart attack, I would make a call for medical help. Meanwhile, I would try to ease the strain on his heart so to make him comfortable. I would help him to be in a half-sitting position, by giving support to his head and shoulders and making his knees bent to give him the best possible comfort at that time.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #12
Q.1) Who does the poet praise in the poem ‘The Old Woman’? Explain how.
Answer: The poet praises the beauty of an old woman in the poem ‘The Old Woman.’ We come to know about this as he uses such words/phrases like ‘of an aged face,’ ‘her brood gone from her.’
Q.2) What does the white candle represent in the poem ‘The Old Woman’?
Answer: In the poem, the white candle represents the light and guidance that the old woman can give to her near and dear ones in order to lead a successful life. She is the one who shares her life experience with others and in this way enlighten their ways towards success just like the white candle in the holy place.
Q.3) What is the message in the poem ‘The Old Woman’?
Answer: The message in the poem ‘The Old Woman’ is that in old age people do have their feelings and opinions. Due to their vast life experience, they are the best ones who can guide the young generation about how to lead their life successfully. They enlighten the lives of the young and bless them with warmth and kind-heartedness.
Q.4) Why does the poet compare old woman to a ‘white candle in a holy place’, the winter sun and the water under a ruined mill in the poem ‘The Old Woman’?
Answer: The poet compares the old woman to a white candle in a holy place, the winter sun and the water under a ruined mill in the poem as he wants to put emphasis on the experience that people have in old age and their strength Actually, the poet has given the description of the old lady by different comparisons to suggest steadiness and maturity in the life of old lady.
Q.5) Do you like this poem ‘The Old Woman’?Why?
Answer: Yes, I like the poem ‘The Old Woman’ because the poet gives very excellent comparisons to describe the personality of the old woman. Through this poem, we start giving more respect and love towards our elders especially our parents who spent their whole life in grooming and training us without thinking about their own needs and desires.
Q.6) What words in the poem help establish imagery?
Answer: The words that help establish imagery in the poem are ‘white candle,’ ‘spent radiance of the winter sun’ and ‘the waters under a ruined mill.’
Q.8) How many lines and stanzas are there in this poem?
Answer: There are three stanzas in the poem ‘The Old Woman’. Each stanza comprises of 4 lines thus the poem has a total of 12 lines.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #13
Q.1) What is media? Explain with references from text.
Answer: The word media is derived from the word ‘medium’ which means carrier or mode. Media is basically a term that is designed to reach a large audience or viewers. In the beginning, the term media is associated with newspapers or magazines. Later on, it is broadened with the invention of the radio, TV, and internet. Media can inform, educate and entertain people in less time period without the restriction of geographical boundaries.
Q.2) What is meant by misuse of media? How can it be stopped?
Answer: Media has both pros and cons. Sometimes people misuse media, in the sense that they enforce baseless ideas through advertisement. The business owners persuade the viewers to buy their harmful or substandard products through powerful advertising tools. Media also tries to grab masses’ attention by developing unnecessary sensation and distortion of the truth. At times, it happens that the media is responsible for making or breaking the government. The misuse of media must be stopped by the prompt actions taken by the government and the general public will try their best to make a positive use of media.
Q.3) How should students take benefits from the internet and avoid its bad effects?
Answer: With the help of the media, people can be educated regardless of caste or geographical boundaries. Internet in this regard can play a positive role for the students as they a sea of knowledge and information is in front of them. They are in a better position to search on any topic and get the information they need in less time. Students can avoid the bad effects of the internet through proper counselling by their parents or teachers.
Q.4) Do you think television is a useful source of information? Why.
Answer: T.V is a useful source of information, it is a game of visual and auditory senses. In the beginning, TV and other mediums were used for entertaining stuff but later on, TV is considered a reliable source of information as the news and information that is provided by television channels has the power to reach a large audience in no time. It can cover a wide range of such aspects that cater to our needs and interests such as weather, politics, war, health, finance, science, fashion, music etc.
Q.5) How can media bring about religious harmony?
Answer: Media has the power to bring about religious harmony among different sectors of the masses. It is the responsibility of the media too, to perform a noble mission of enlightening people and it should discourage sectarian, communal and divisive trends. With the help of media, religious views, thoughts, and opinions must be respected in a positive way. Different sections of the community are using media for their own purposes as religious scholars spread the message of their religion to the followers through their speeches broadcasted on different mediums.
Q.6) Find out transitional devices in the text.
Answer: Some of the transitional devices that are used in the text are: simultaneously, since, therefore, because, specifically, however, because, furthermore, hence, but, moreover, in perspective of the.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #14
Q.1) Describe the natural beauty of Pakistan?
Answer: Pakistan is one such country that is blessed by Allah Almighty with several natural beauties that cover a wide range including indigenous wildlife, awesome mountains of Himalayas, stunning deserts of Cholistan and Thar, second tallest mountain K-2, four seasons and fertile agricultural land.
Q.2) How can we preserve Pakistan’s fauna and flora?
Answer: We can preserve the fauna and flora of Pakistan by taking various measures. In this respect, the government of Pakistan has shortlisted 6 parks for protection of biodiversity. Apart from this, Pakistan has 14 National Parks, 99 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 96 Game Reserves with the aim of preserving and conserving the fauna and flora of the country.
Q.3) Name some endangered species of animals and plants in Pakistan.
Answer: A number of animals and plants species are endangered in Pakistan, many of them are on the verge of extinction. Some of the most prominent endangered animal species include snow leopard, the Asian elephant, hog deer, Asiatic wild ass, woolly flying squirrel, Kashmir musk deer, the fishing cat, markhor. Among the endangered birds, some of them are the red-headed vulture, the Egyptian vulture, white-headed duck and Indus river dolphin. With respect to endangered plants, juniper forests are the most prominent one. They are threatened by a parasitic disease caused by the dwarf mistletoe.
Q.4) Search the internet and find about the endangered peacocks?
Answer: There are three species of peafowl (peacocks: green peafowl (Pavo muticus), Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) and Congo peafowl (Afropavo congensis). Green peafowl is the only endangered peafowl species in the world. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species categorized Green peafowl as an “endangered species” in 2008. The population of adult green peafowl is somewhere between 10,000 and 19,999 birds and this makes the green peacocks the endangered ones. Years back, Green peafowl were common and widespread. Then, this species has undergone a serious decline and the only sizeable remaining populations are found in dry forests in Cambodia, Myanmar, and Vietnam. The most prominent reasons for their decline include widespread hunting for meat and feathers and collection of eggs and chicks. This is combined with the loss of natural habitat and human interference. Apart from this, Urbanisation has also played its part in the extinction of green peacocks. in China and Thailand, the Green Peafowl is regarded as a crop-pest by farmers and thus they are consequently poisoned.
Q.5) How can we contribute as individuals to save nature?
Answer: We as individuals must take certain steps to save nature such as: 1) We should use water carefully and wisely. 2) We should not cut trees rather than plant at least one in our lifetime. 3) We should not take such steps that destroy or disturb natural habitats of various animals and plants. 4) We must try to avoid excess use of A/C and other electrical appliances. 5) We must follow the rule of 3 R’s i.e. reuse, recycle and reduce. 6) Try to avoid personal vehicles instead use public transport or walk. 7) Last but not least, we all must try to avoid plastics in our lives.
Q.6) What type of challenges is Pakistan facing while preserving nature.
Answer: Pakistan is facing a number of serious challenges while preserving nature. These include political instability, lack of technical and institutional capacity, lack of financial resource, lack of awareness, insufficient access to local knowledge, legal impediments, limited public and stakeholder participation, lack of mainstreaming of biodiversity with other sectors, lack of transfer of technology and expertise, inadequate engagement of scientific community, poverty, increasing population, climate change and natural disasters.
Swat Board English 9th Notes Chapter #15
Q.1) Why was Abou Ben Adhem’s name on top of the list?
Answer: Abou Ben Adhem’s name was on top of the list because he was that person who not only love God but also his fellow men. God blessed him because he used to care about mankind and had sensitive feelings towards humanity.
Q.2) What is the main idea of the poem?
Answer: The main idea of the poem is that we should not only love Allah Almighty and perform our prayers but we should also love the people around us. We should care for people and love humanity. We should try to put the people around us at ease either by helping them financially or just by giving them moral support.
Q.3) Describe the character of Abou Ben Adhem in your own words.
Answer: Abou Ben Adhem was the leader of his tribe. He was a very kind, caring gentleman. He was a pious person who not only love God but also serve his fellow men with sympathy and kindness.
Q.4) Write down the implied and explicit meanings of the poem.
Answer: The implied meaning of the poem is that we should try to help our fellowmen and must take care of them if we really have a desire to be Heaven in the life hereafter. The explicit meaning of the poem is that God loves those who love His creatures and He must reward that individual in the world and in the life hereafter.
Q.5) Mentioned the other words used by the poet to refer to the angel.
Answer: Some other words that are used by the poet that refer to the angel are ‘the presence’ and ‘the vision.’
Q.6) Give brief description of the angel in Abou Ben Adhem.
Answer: The angel in the poem is a divine messenger. When he makes his very presence Abou Ben Adhem notices a clear transformation of the room, as the room began to glow and it looked like a ‘lily in bloom’. The angel seems too busy in writing something in a golden book. When Abou throws his question, the angel raises its head ‘and with a look made of all sweet accord’, answers Abou’s questions. The angel is kind-hearted and owns soft nature too. When Abou makes a request to him to write down his name on the divine book, he adds his name too. When the angel comes again the very next night, he again lit the room with a ‘great wakening light’.