Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 8 Dignity of work Sindh Textbook board Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, and Reading Comprehension
The dignity of work Comprehension-A
Why did Akhtar not answer his mother?
Akhtar didn’t answer his mother because he was feeling cross for coming late from school.
What did Mr. Inayat tell the children?
Mr. Inayat visited a number of countries of the world and whenever he used to visit the children, he told them interesting stories about them.
What reason did Akhtar give his uncle for being cross?
Akhtar told his uncle that they were having the social service work at school. They had to do the work of servants and gardeners. He was cross as his teacher gave him the task of dusting the cupboards and desks.
What did the teacher do himself?
The teacher himself did the work of a sweeper as he swept the room and emptied the dustbin.
What did the Holy Prophet love?
The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) loved to do his work and others too with his own hands. He set an excellent example for all mankind of doing the work by themselves rather than depending upon servants, maids or any other person. He used to repair his shoes, mend and wash his clothes and swept his room without any shame or hesitation.
What did Hazrat Abu Bakar do?
Hazrat Abu Bakar (R.A) not only did his own work with his hands but also fetched water for widows and neighbors who were very old and had no one to work for them.
Were the companions of the Holy Prophet like him?
Yes, the companions of the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) were just like him as they also love to do their work with their own hands too. They always followed whatever Prophet (P.B.U.H) said or did. The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H) would never ask anyone to do anything, which he himself would not do.
What did Hazrat Fatima do?
Hazrat Fatima, the Holy Prophet’s (P.B.U.H) beloved daughter used to do her work by herself. She had neither maids nor servants to perform various household chores. She fetched water, ground corn and swept the house.
How did Sultan Nasir-ud-Din earn his living?
Sultan Nasir-ud-Din although was the Sultan of his state but still he had to do something to earn his living and for that purpose he used to make caps and sell them in the market. In this way, he earned his livelihood without depending upon anyone.
What does everyone do in China?
In China everyone has to do work in fields or factory every year. Even the Prime Minister and his wife have to do this kind of work. Actually, the Chinese people understand the dignity of work and that’s why they are making progress by leaps and bounds.
Q.1) Learn the meanings and spellings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own:
cross; repaired; favorite; treat; swept; ashamed; trench; odd; mended; fetched; example; human beings.
|repaired||restore (something damaged, faulty, or worn) to a good condition.|
|favorite||preferred to all others of the same kind.|
|treat||behave towards or deal with in a certain way.|
|swept||to remove (dust, dirt, etc.) with a broom, brush, or the like|
|ashamed||embarrassed or guilty because of one’s actions, characteristics, or associations.|
|trench||a long, narrow ditch.|
|odd||different to what is usual or expected; strange.|
|mended||repair (something that is broken or damaged).|
|fetched||go for and then bring back (someone or something) for someone.|
|example||a thing characteristic of its kind or illustrating a general rule.|
|human beings||a man, woman, or child of the species Homo sapiens, distinguished from other animals by superior mental development, power of articulate speech, and upright stance.|
|cross||Whenever someone touches my father’s mobile without his permission, he becomes cross.|
|repaired||Yesterday, my uncle repaired my bicycle on my request.|
|favorite||My favorite subject is Mathematics.|
|treat||We should treat old and poor people kindly.|
|ashamed||He is ashamed of his behavior.|
|trench||After we finish digging the trench, planting the flowers will be easy.|
|odd||The employees were intrigued by the odd behavior of their boss.|
|fetched||Harris went out and fetched a pail of water with great difficulty.|
|example||Hazrat Mohammad’s (P.B.U.H) is a best example for all mankind.|
|human beings||Human beings differ from other animals as they can speak and laugh.|
Q.1) For each word in list “A” find a word or phrase of similar meaning in list:
|treat||showing high character|
|noble||went for and brought back|
|advanced||behave towards somebody|
|treat||behave towards somebody|
|noble||showing high character|
|fetched||went for and brought back|
Q.1) Look at these sentences:
Direct: Rukhsana: “Uncle, Akhtar came home dirty and cross.”
Indirect: Rukhsana told his uncle that Akhtar had come home dirty and cross.
Direct: Mr. Inayat (Looking at Akhtar). “Akhtar, what happened?”
Indirect: Mr. Inayat looked at Akhtar and asked him what had happened.
Note carefully the changes that happen when we turn direct sentences into indirect sentences; and then do the same to the following sentences carefully.
1. Akhtar : “Uncle, we are having the social service week at school.”
2. Akhtar : “The boys are being made to do the work of servants and gardeners.”
3. Akhtar : “The teacher made us dust the cupboards and desks.”
4. Uncle : “Is it work that makes you cross?”
5. Akhtar : “Should 1 not be cross if I am made to work like a servant?”
6. Uncle “Did your teacher do anything?”
7. Akhtar : “The teacher swept the room and emptied the dustbin.”
8. Uncle : “Is it a matter of shame to clean what we ourselves make dirty?”
9. Akhtar : “Should not the sweeper do it?”
10. Uncle : “Is sweeper not a human being?”
1. Akhtar told uncle that they had the social service week at school.
2. Akhtar said that the boys were made to do the work of servants and gardeners.
3. Akhtar told that the teacher had made them dust the cupboards and decks.
4. Uncle asked that was it the work that made him cross?
5. Akhtar asked should he not be cross if he had made to work like a servant?
6. Uncle asked did his teacher do anything.
7. Akhtar told that the teacher swept the room and emptied the dustbin.
8. Uncle asked was it a matter of shame to clean what we ourselves had made dirty.
9. Akhtar asked should not the sweeper do it.
10. Uncle asked was sweeper not a human being.
Q.1) Passage of dictation:
We have forgotten the noble example of our Holy Prophet. He would never ask anyone to do anything which he himself would not do. He loved doing work for himself and for others with his own hands. He repaired his shoes, mended and washed his clothes, and swept his room. When the Mosque at Medina was being built, he carried mud and building material. During the battle of Khandaq, he joined his companions digging the trench around Medina.
Imagine that you are having the social service week at your school. Describe in a paragraph of ten sentences how you and your guide cleaned and decorated the classroom.
It was Monday when we came to know that this week we were going to celebrate social service week in the school. The Principal explained to us in the assembly what we had to do throughout the week. It gave a thrill to some of the students whereas others felt it a humiliating sort of work but they knew it quite well that they had to perform their duties and responsibilities that would be assigned to them. First of all, I and my guide got the task to work as sweepers and decorators, so we hold the brooms and dustpans, covered our heads and nose so dust would not make us dirty, and started our work vigilantly.
We thoroughly cleaned the classroom from ceiling to walls and floor. By using a glass cleaner, I made the glass windows of my class crystal clear. Then we dust off the visuals, charts, and soft boards with the duster. We made some charts and posters according to our studies so to give all new bright and informative look to our class. Finally, we arranged the chairs and desks in a different way and pasted the small artistically made welcome chart on the door. I really enjoyed the whole social service week.
Translate the following paragraph into Urdu or Sindhi:
It happens in advanced countries even today. They have learned the dignity of work while we have forgotten it. In China, everyone has to spend some time each year working in the fields or in a factory. Even, the Prime Minister and his wife do this work. They believe that all ought to work and no wonder, they are making such quick progress.
In the U.S.A., once I stayed with a high Government official as a guest. His son, who was just as old as you are, went out early in the morning to sell newspapers. I asked him why he did so. He said that it was simply because he wished to be independent and useful. One day he fell ill. His father went out to deliver the papers for him so that he may not lose his customers. Once, the President’s own son took the job of whitewashing rooms in a hotel.
Note: All translations would be done along with the last assignment
By fits and starts: not steadily or regularly.
Example: He can never hold a steady job since he works by fits and starts.
Exercise: This watch works sometimes, but is out of order at other times.(Substitute the idiom).
This watch works sometimes by fits and starts.
Q.2) Day in and day out: daily, day after day.
Example: I worked a day in and day out, for a whole month to prepare for the exams.
Exercise: I’ve been warning you daily, that you should bring all your books to school. (Substitute the idiom).
I’ve been warning you day in and day out, that you should bring all your books to school.