Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors Education in Karachi solved exercises, MCQs, important questions, grammar, chapter overview, and Reading Comprehension.

Chapter 17 The Inheritors Sindh textbook Notes 2021

What did Azam say to Moazzam about the blanket?

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors

On finding the blanket wet just before sleeping, Azam asked Moazzam what he had done to the blanket and for what purpose? Moazzam said that the blanket was his during the day time so he had full authority to do whatever pleased him. So, Azam agreed to share the blanket with Moazzam at night time so to have it in a dry form.

What did Moazzam do to the blanket?

Moazzam soaked the blanket in water just before night fell. When Azam had to wear it, he was unable to have a sound sleep while wearing a wet blanket. So, Azam made a decision to share it with Moazzam at night time.

What did Moazzam do when Azam began to pick the dates?

When Azam began to pick the ripe dates from the tree, Moazzam hold the axe and started cutting his part i.e. the lower part of the date palm tree. Azam got puzzled for this act of Moazzam and he asked what was he doing? Moazzam calmly replied that he was just cutting his part of the tree. On listening that, all of a sudden Azam agreed to give half of the dates to Moazzam and also assist him in watering the tree.

What did Moazzam do when Azam was milking the cow?

When Azam was milking the cow, Moazzam started hitting the front part of the cow with a stick as it was his property so he could do whatever and whenever he wants to do with his belonging. On doing so, the cow started to move here and there making it quite difficult for Azam to get the milk. So, Azam decided to give half of the cow’s milk to Moazzam and would help Moazzam in feeding the cow too.

Was the blanket of any use to Moazzam?

No, the blanket was not of any use to Moazzam because it was quite hot at day time whereas as soon as the night fell, the cold increased in the atmosphere and at that time Moazzam had to give the blanket to Azam according to the agreement of division.

Why did Azam not give dates to Moazzam?

As the upper part of the date palm tree belonged to Azam so he had complete authority to use its fruit according to his will and desire. So, when the dates were ripe, Azam climbed up to the tree and collected all the dates. Being a clever and greedy person, Azam never wanted to share the fruit with his younger brother although Moazzam regularly and appropriately watered the tree on daily basis.

Who fed the cow and who got the milk?

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors

According to the division cleverly made by Azam and whole-heartedly accepted by Moazzam, Moazzam had to feed the cow as the front part was given to him by his elder brother. On the other hand, Azam got the milk as he was the contented owner of the rear part of the cow. Azam proved to be so mean and selfish that he never even bothered to give a drop of milk to his brother rather than he was generous enough in appreciating Moazzam for feeding the cow quite well and on time too.

Why did Moazzam agree to the division?

Moazzam agreed to the division as he was sure that being the elder brother Azam must divide all the property fairly and equally. He further blindly believed that whatever division Azam would make must be in his favor as Azam gave him the better part of the cow and date tree and generously asked him to use the blanket for the whole day.

What was the suggestion of Azam about the division of the property?

Azam being the elder brother gave suggestion of division to Moazzam to which he agreed. Azam was a shrewd sort of a person so he showing his generosity gave the front part of the cow and the lower part of the date palm tree to Moazzam. With respect to the blanket, Azam suggested that for the whole day it would be with Moazzam whereas for the short period of night, he would be using it.

What property did the two brothers inherit from their father?

After the death of their father, the two brothers Azam (the elder) and Moazzam (the younger) inherited a cow, a palm tree and a blanket.


Comprehension-B

Q.1) Learn the meanings and spellings of the following words from the lesson and use ten of them in sentences of your own:
advise; axe; cheat; clever; consist; content; date-palm; delighted; divide; division; disturb; fair; generosity; greedy; guess; inherit; milk; pick; property; rear; ripe; share; striped; suggest; verbal; whisper.

Answer:

WordsMeanings
advise offer suggestions about the best course of action to someone.
axe a tool used for chopping wood, typically of iron with a steel  edge and wooden handle.
cheat act dishonestly or unfairly in order to gain an advantage.
clever quick to understand, learn, and devise or apply ideas;  intelligent.
consist be composed or made up of.
content in a state of peaceful happiness.
date-palm a sweet, dark brown oval fruit containing a hard stone,  usually eaten dried.
delighted feeling or showing great pleasure
divide separate or be separated into parts.
division the action of separating something into parts or the process  of being separated.
disturb interfere with the normal arrangement or functioning of
fair treating people equally without favoritism or discrimination
generosity the quality of being kind and generous.
greedy  having an excessive desire or appetite for food.
guess estimate or conclude (something) without sufficient  information to be sure of being correct
inherit  receive (money, property, or a title) as an heir at the death of  the previous holder.
milk an opaque white fluid rich in fat and protein, secreted by  female mammals for the nourishment of their young.
pick detach and remove (a flower, fruit, or vegetable) from where  it is growing.
property a thing or things belonging to someone; possessions  collectively
rear the back part of something, especially a building or vehicle
ripe (of fruit or grain) developed to the point of readiness for  harvesting and eating.
share a part or portion of a larger amount which is divided among a  number of people, or to which a number of people  contribute.
striped past tense of strip, remove all coverings from.
suggest  put forward for consideration.
verbal relating to or in the form of words.
whisper speak very softly using one’s breath rather than one’s throat,  especially for the sake of secrecy.
WordsSentences
cheat A moral person doesn’t lie, cheat, or steal. 
delighted The little girls were delighted to see the lovely shells.
disturb I am sorry to disturb you while you are talking. 
greedy The greedy goat ate all the grass.
inherit My uncle wishes his son to inherit all his business.
milk Milk is the best source of calcium that is good for our bones and  teeth.
ripe The farmer picked up all the ripe mangoes from the trees of his  orchard.
share I like to share my things with my younger siblings.
suggest I suggest that you should take some rest after a long journey.
whisper She whispered to me that she was hungry.

Comprehension-C

Q.1) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences by choosing the words from the list given below:-
greedy, divide, suggested, left, simple, trusting, enjoyed, offer, content, milk, feed, sunrise, sunset, delighted, generosity, clever, childhood.
1.Their mother had died in their……………………………..
2His younger brother Moazzam was………………………….. and……………………………..
3.Azam, the elder brother, was very………………………. and………………………….
4.Azam…………. that they should…………….. the property……………… by their father.
5.We shall just………………………………………… it verbally.
6.Moazzam was…………………………. with the………………………….. of his elder brother.
7.It shall be mine only from…………………………. to……………………………..
8.Now Moazzam would……………………… the cow and Azam would………………… it.
9.He did not………………………………. even a single date to his younger brother.
10.Moazzam was quite………………………………………. with it.
11.Azam………………………………………. a deep sleep under the warm blanket.

Answer:
1. Their mother had died in their childhood.
2. His younger brother Moazzam was simple and trusting.
3. Azam, the elder brother, was very greedy and clever.
4. Azam suggested that they should divide the property left by their father.
5. We shall just divide it verbally.
6. Moazzam was delighted with the generosity of his elder brother.
7. It shall be mine only from sunset to sunrise.
8. Now Moazzam would feed the cow and Azam would milk it.
9. He did not offer even a single date to his younger brother.
10. Moazzam was quite content with it.
11. Azam enjoyed a deep sleep under the warm blanket.


Comprehension-D

Q.1) Make nouns from the following verbs and use them in sentences of your own:


die, advise, divide, suggest, agree, feed.
Example: die————————- death.

Answer:

VerbsNounsSentences
diedeath Death is inevitable.
adviseadvice We should follow the advice of our elders.
dividedivide The divide between the rich and poor of the country is  continuously growing.
suggestsuggestion Good friends always give good suggestion to others.
agreeagreement An agreement was signed between the two rival groups.
feedfeed Please give some feed to the birds in the cage.

Q.2) Make nouns from the following adjectives:

clear, greedy, generous, stupid, Innocent, simple, young.
Example: clever—————————- cleverness.

Answer:

AdjectivesNouns
clearclearness
greedygreediness
generousgenerosity
stupidstupidity
innocentinnocence
simplesimplicity
youngyouth

Q.3) Complete the following sentences by using the proper tense of the verb/ verbs placed in brackets against each sentence:


1.Azam………………………… that somebody…………………………. his younger brother.
(guess, advise)
2. My guests……………………………….. before I………………………………………
(go, return)
3. When he………………………….. out of the cinema house, the rain…………………………….
(come, stop)
4.The train…………………………. before he…………………………….. the station.
(leave, reach)
5. Ajmal…………………… ill yesterday, so he…………………. not……………………. the school.
(to be, can, attend)
6. Moazzam…………………. simple and…………………. easily……………………….. by Azam.
(to be, trick)

Answer:1.Azam guessed that somebody advised his younger brother.
2. My guests went before I returned.
3. When he came out of the cinema house, the rain stopped.
4.The train left before he reached the station.
5. Ajmal was ill yesterday, so he could not attended the school.
6. Moazzam was simple and was easily tricked by Azam.

Q.4) Fill in the blanks with suitable prepositions:


1.He is fond…………………………………………. reading books.
2.Najma is not interested………………………………………….. games.
3. Ajmal is good…………………………………………. Mathematics.
4.He is not fit……………………………………….. this job.
5.The baby is crying……………………………………………. its mother.
6.The nurse looks………………………………………….. the patient.
7. The patient has been cured……………………………………………. his disease.
8. He has given………………………………………… smoking.
9 . I am used……………………………………………….. taking tea without sugar.
10. We should be proud…………………………………………….. our country.

Answer:1.He is fond of reading books.
2. Najma is not interested in games.
3. Ajmal is good at Mathematics.
4. He is not fit for this job.
5. The baby is crying for its mother.
6. The nurse looks at the patient.
7. The patient has been cured of his disease.
8. He has given off smoking.
9. I am used to taking tea without sugar.
10. We should be proud of our country.

Q.5) Change into passive voice:


1.The old man advised Moazzam.
2. Moazzam fed and looked after the cow.

Answer:1. Moazzam was advised by the old man.
2. The cow was fed and looked after by Moazzam.


Composition

How did Azam cheat Moazzam?

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors

By taking advantage of Moazzam’s innocence, Azam made a plan to cheat him in such a way that Moazzam would be unable to judge and understand what he had done to him. Azam cunningly used his mind and intellect to deal quite unjustly and unfairly to his younger brother. He put forward the proposal of the division of property of their father to which Moazzam agreed without any question. Azam kept the best part of the property to himself and gave Moazzam the worthless part of that. He generously gave Moazzam the front part of the cow, trunk of the date palm tree and allowed him to use blanket throughout the day. All these three things were of no use to Moazzam as he couldn’t get milk from the cow and fruit from the tree and it was quite hot at day time so no question of using blanket during that time period.

What was the effect of the old man’s advice on Moazzam?

One day one of the neighbors of Moazzam and Azam visited them and noticed that Azam the elder brother was unfairly treating his younger brother and cheating him too. So, he gave some advice to Moazzam. The effect of the old man’s advice on Moazzam was that he listened, understood and acted in the same way as directed by the old man and thus he started teasing his elder brother Azam to get the due share.

Why did Azam give up cheating Moazzam?

Azam gave up cheating his younger brother as Moazzam started teasing him in various ways. When Azam was milking the cow, he started hitting the cow at the front part as it was his possession so to disturb her. Secondly, when Azam was busy in picking the fruit from the tree, Moazzam started cutting the tree with the axe as it was his part. Thirdly, Moazzam soaked the blanket in water when it was the time for Azam to use it at night. After bearing all that, Azam thought that he had badly treated his younger brother by giving him unequal share in their father’s property. So, Azam decided to give Moazzam his due share by getting the milk, dates and sharing blanket at night time.

How will you behave with your younger brother. ?

Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 17 The Inheritors

If I would be at the place of Azam, I would definitely behave justly and fairly with my younger brother. As it is also according to the injunctions of Islam that if someone’s father died by leaving some property then all of his children should get equal share in it. This act of mine would not only strengthen the love between me and my brother but would be a source of satisfaction to my father’s soul as well.

Read more: Sindh Class 10 English Notes Chapter 16 King Bruce And The Spider

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