Pakistan is the second-largest country in South Asia. It covers an area of 803,940 sq. Km and has a population (165,802,350).
Introduction India is in the east. In the south, there are beers and Arabs. Pakistan is a land of diverse minds. Its high mountains whose peaks are world-famous for their captivity are in Iraq. In Iraq, there is a plain. In fact, Pakistan is located in Sindh. The climate of the country is hot and humid. They die in the north. It rains and up to sixty degrees.
The south is hot and dry where the rainfall is less. Literacy rate in Pakistan 45.7%.
12- Scene in Darkness.
121. The Advent of Islam in South Asia
In the 5th century AD, the people of South Asia were introduced to Islam by Arab sailors and merchants. Muhammad bin Qasim entered the Indus Valley in 712 AD. He defeated Raja Ram and included the lower Indus Valley in the Umayyad Caliphate.
The light of Islam in Hawaii The first and the beginning of the Islamic state in the subcontinent came after Muhammad bin Qasim in the tenth and eleventh centuries from the northwest. He established a series of Muslim governments in the subcontinent until 1857 when the British occupied South Asia.
During more than a thousand years of death, Islamic society and civilization flourished here.
1.22 – The beginning of the government
The effects of the arrival of the British in the subcontinent began in 1599 when the British merchants formed the East India Company and got the privilege of trading in India from the house of the Mughal emperor. It even established its trading center in 1614 during the subcontinent’s west coast congestion. Over a period of three and a half centuries, they too gradually became influential. Subcontinent Papa Effect Pagir and so on to form a sorna even if their opponents came.
After the death of Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707, when the central government of the Mughals was weakened and autonomous territorial rulers in remote areas rose to power, the British sought to establish their sovereignty in the subcontinent. Taking advantage of this opportunity, they defeated the Muslim rulers one by one. It started in Bengal and finally the British in the War of Independence of 1857 introduced a new political system in India through which the Hindus who, under the guise of majority rule, occupied the entire subcontinent and thus for about seven hundred years. After ruling the subcontinent, Muslims lost the corpse of freedom. It is worth mentioning here that Bengali Hindus and Dar Muslims played an important role in the occupation of Bengal. Siraj-ud-Daulah was defeated in a water battle as a result of a mutual conspiracy between his daughter Mir Jafar and his wrist. This war changed the history not only of Bengal but of the entire subcontinent. After the inspection of 1857, the British could not trust the Muslims, so they gave slaves to the Muslims in every sphere of life. There is so much oppression on Muslims. Deprived them of their legitimate rights. Jobs closed the door on them. Become a Muslim or a third class citizen.
Awareness of the Muslims
Under the leadership of the British, the slaves received all kinds of privileges and they took advantage of the opportunity and progressed in every sphere of life. Hindus were also ahead of Muslims in the political arena.
In 1885, the Indian National Congress was formed. Apparently it was a Sequoia poem but in reality all its politics was in the interest of Hindus. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan who was the leader of the Muslims at that time. He urged Muslims to stay away from politics and especially stay away from the Congress. To solve the problems of Muslims, he advised Muslims to move forward in the field of science and economics. To this end, he founded the All India Modern School National Conference.
There was a platform for Muslims on which they exchanged views on their problems and solutions and worked out a solution to those problems. By establishing Aligarh College, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan instilled in the Muslims a conscious class which was a dog of the passage of time.
I wanted to establish a Hindu Raj in the subcontinent. I kept rejecting the legitimate demands of the Muslims under the pretext of trickery.
On the Bhal team in 1986 (which was in the interest of the Muslim majority in East Bengal due to the opposition of the Hindus, the British later called the team and made a call that the opposition of both affected the death of the Muslims of the subcontinent.)
In October 1988, a delegation of Muslim leaders met the Viceroy of India and demanded that the shop be closed. In December 1906, the All India Muslim League met in Dhaka. Muslims came into being but later emerged as the only political party of Muslims.
Muslims made legitimate demands for the protection of their interests in India which were rejected by the Hindus when the Muslims saw that they were somehow dignified in India. Can’t live life. On March 23, 1909, he studied nationalism and religion for himself through a resolution at the annual meeting of the All India Muslim League in which he resided, and in 1947, under the leadership of Nadashim Muhammad Ali Jinnah,
(1) Ideology of Pakistan
The establishment of Pakistan is an important event of the twentieth century That this country was founded on an ideology. In the changing West, nationality is based on race, language and geographical boundaries, but the Muslims of the subcontinent demanded the establishment of a separate country for themselves, on the basis that they are a nation based on civilization and faith. And that they have their own culture and society.
On this basis, they want to organize their early life. In this sense, the establishment of Pakistan is not only the same for Western ideologies, but also makes clear the fact that Pakistan is a manifestation of an ideology.
(2) Pakistan Resolution
On March 23, 1940, at the annual meeting of the Muslim League in Iqbal Park, Lahore, a landmark resolution was passed calling for a separate and independent homeland for the Muslims of the subcontinent.
The name of this resolution became Pakistani Resolution. It said that in the north-western and northeastern parts of the subcontinent, where Muslims have a majority of the population, what can be done about Islam? On this occasion, Quaid-e-Azam explained the two-nation ideology in broad words and proved that Hindus and Muslims belong to two extinct civilizations whose basic ideologies and principles are in conflict with each other. He united two nations into one state in which one step is in the majority and the other is permanent in the minority. Now there is only one way and that is 431