The reason for Emperor Justinian’s fame is the formulation of the code of Roman law which was in force in his time. This later led to advances in the field of law in several European countries. Probably no other code of law has left such an indelible mark on the world.
Justin was born in 483 in Taurus, present-day Yugoslavia.
He was an illiterate “Thrace” farmer named Justin I. Who served in the army and then became an infidel in the Eastern Roman Empire. Justin was highly educated and, with the help of his uncle, made rapid progress. In 527, Justin Lloyd made Justin his emperor.
He died in the same year and remained an independent ruler until 565, the year of his death.
Just seven years before Justinian’s birth in 476, the Western Roman Empire disintegrated as a result of savage Germanic tribes. Only the Eastern Roman Empire, with Constantinople as its capital, survived. Justinian was determined to re-conquer the Western Empire of Kawaz and restore the Roman Empire. He devoted all his energies to this purpose.
The project was partially successful. He managed to snatch parts of Italy, North Africa and Spain from the savages.
However, Justin’s presence in the book is not due to his military conquests, but to his training and compilation of Roman law. In 528, just a year after he came to power, Justin set up a commission to draft the rules of royal law.
The draft commission was first published in 529. Then it was edited. In 534, it received the status of a constitution. At the same time, all the rules and regulations that were not included in the code were repealed. This became the first part of the Corpus Juris Civilis. The second part is called “Pedects” or Digest. This is a summary of the views of prominent Roman legal authors.
This third part, which is considered to be authentic, is called INSTITUTS. Which is primarily a curriculum for law students. In the last part, all these laws are combined under the title of “Novellae” which was formulated by Justin after the approval of Codex. It was published after Justinian’s death.
Of course, Justin was himself involved in wars and administrative matters. Corpus juirs Civillis himself could not draft.
The editing decree was actually carried out by a council of legal experts, headed by the great jurist and legal tribunal.
Justin was an extraordinarily enthusiastic man who also focused on various administrative reforms. This includes a partially successful campaign against government corruption. It started a series of trade and industry development and public works.
Numerous forts, monasteries, and churches were built (including the church known as “Hagia” Sofia in Constantinople)). This construction project and its wars led to an increase in revenue. Which spread a lot of dissatisfaction. In 532, a revolt broke out which may have overthrown him. However, he isolated her, which saved her power from danger.
A special public celebration was held at the time of his death in 565.
Justin’s assistant was Theodora, Caras’ capable wife. It is worth mentioning a few details about this. She was born around 500. In her youth, she was an actress and a member of the court. She became the mother of an illegitimate child. She was in her second decade of life when she met Justin. They married in 525.
Two years later, he was crowned king. Justin was appreciative of his wife’s extraordinary abilities. She became his special adviser. She handled various diplomatic responsibilities. Theodore Rah also had significant influence on its legislation. For example, it passed some laws on women’s rights and status. She died of cancer in 548.
It was an irreparable loss for Justin. However, he continued to rule successfully for the next 17 years. Thodor was not only beautiful but also intelligent.
Justin’s entry in this book is due to his (Corpus Juris Civillis) in which an authoritative code of Roman law was formulated. In the Byzantine Empire, it was considered important for centuries. It was forgotten in the West for almost five decades.
Around 1100, Roman law was read with interest. Especially in Italian universities. In the late Middle Ages (Corpus Juris Civillis) was considered the basis for reforming the legal system of continental Europe. In the countries where this measure was taken, the civil legal system was in force, while in many English-speaking countries, the public legal system remained in force.
The various components of the Corpus Juris Civillis became part of the various civil legal systems; Several non-European countries have also borrowed various provisions of civil law. Its effects spread beyond Europe.
Nevertheless, it is not appropriate to underestimate the importance of the Justinian Code of Conduct.
In addition to the Corpus Juris Civillis, a number of other factors influenced the development of civil law. For example, the laws relating to “contracts” were based on the decisions of commercial courts rather than the Cormi Code. German law and ecclesiastical law also influenced the enactment of civil law, which introduced numerous amendments to European law and the judicial system throughout. Today, there are very few similarities between the civil code of many countries and the law of Justin.