Ministry of Education (MOE), Government of Pakistan in Urban Sector Reform, Action Plan (2001-2004) pledges to introduce and gradually regularize Early Childhood Education (ECE) classes in urban and rural government schools Is. In Pakistan, the pledge is the first step in meeting the needs that have so far been neglected, “said the turtle / under age group, who often go to school with their older siblings.
In March 2002, the Federal MOE Curriculum Wing published the National ECE Curriculum to meet the challenge of providing a suitable learning environment for young learners.
Consultations with teachers, parents, heads, supervisors and education department officials were an integral part of the development process. It was revised based on children’s responses, and feedback from parents, teachers, leaders, and a wide range of stakeholders, as the curriculum was successfully run in government primary schools in Karachi and Shikarpur, Sindh (1998). 2002).
Historically, in Pakistan, early children have come to school with their older siblings, forming a team of alphabets and numbers, suras and Qur’anic verses, and some poems and verses. In most cases, the root learning process has been and still is. In many private sector schools in Pakistan, the focus is still on formal education: reading, writing and ‘general knowledge’.
The national curriculum for ECE is based on developmentally appropriate practice. It aims to promote the overall well-being of children and to ensure the best possible conditions for growth and development in a natural, child-friendly environment where they can experience happiness and freedom of action in an unhappy and safe environment and where they learn through play. , Experience and discovery. The curriculum promotes a collaborative process where children do not have to compete with their peers.
They learn to be pro-social so that they do not feel threatened by the weak effects of cooperating, sharing and caring for others, working in groups, and consistent competition.
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The National ECE Curriculum is inspired by the Advanced / Scope Curriculum, a developmentally appropriate model based on the development of Gene Paget’s theory of cognition. The curriculum has taken very precautionary measures to make the model of active learning culturally compatible, and it is firmly rooted in the Pakistani context and the needs of our society.
Since 2002, the curriculum has been implemented only in areas of Pakistan where the importance of early years education was known and where teacher training was available.
The (2006-07) Grade K-Xll curriculum has been thoroughly reviewed by the Ministry of Home Affairs, and as part of this process, the ECE curriculum has been revised. The MoE is considering an implementation strategy that is expected to benefit minors (4-5 years old) across Pakistan.