Charles Darwin, theorist of organic evolution by natural selection, was born on February 12, 1809, in Cherokee, England. Abraham Lincoln was born on the same day. At the age of sixteen, he went to Eden to study medicine. He entered the University of Berg. However, he felt that both medicine and orthopedics were useless. Shortly afterward he moved to Cambridge.
In Cambridge, he found it more suitable to pursue hobbies such as horseback riding and moonshine, but he managed to impress one of his professors so much that he was hired as a physicist during HM Beagle’s research tour. ۔ Charles’ father also opposed the appointment.
(to be continued)
He thought that such a trip would give the young man an excuse to delay the start of any serious work.
Fortunately, the father was persuaded to allow him to travel. Later, this naval age proved to be invaluable in the history of science in the Western world.
In 1831, at the age of left, he set out on a voyage with Darwin Beagle. For the next five years, the Beagle traveled around the world. With great ease he walked along the shores of South America.
He did research on the remote Glapgos Islands and visited other islands in the Pacific Ocean. He also visited the Arabian Sea and the South Pacific Ocean. During this long voyage, Darwin observed great natural wonders, discovered large numbers of fossils from ancient tribes, and observed a wide variety of flora and fauna. He also wrote down his observations in detail.
These references provide a basis for all subsequent writings. From them he formulated many of his basic ideas. They also provided him with solid evidence that made his ideas so popular.
Darwin returned home in 1836. Over the next twenty years, he wrote a series of books that made him one of the leading biologists in England.
As early as 1837, Darwin agreed that the animal and plant species were not inflexible, but that they had evolved over a long period of time in the history of the earth. At that time he had no idea what the consequences of this evolution could be. In 1838 he read Miss Malthus’s dissertation on population laws. This article hints at the theory that natural selection is the result of conflict.
However, despite the formulation of the principle of natural selection, he did not rush into publishing his ideas, realizing that this theory would lead to serious controversy. Just what to give.
In early 1842, he wrote an outline of his theory. He continued to write a book until 1844, but in June 1858, while Darwin was still editing and adding to his great book, he received a draft from Alfredsell Velas.
He was an English physicist based in the East Indies. Velas stated his theory of evolution. In no way was Velas’ theory any different from Darwin’s. Velas formulated his theory independently and sent it to a prominent scientist for his opinion before publishing it. It was a disturbing situation. Which, of course, made the video an overnight sensation.
The following month, Wallace’s dissertation and a sketch of Darwin’s book were presented to a scientific organization as a joint article.
No one paid much attention to this joint offer. The following year, however, Darwin’s book, Genesis, was published. Which started a revolution. The topic became a discussion with scientific topics. These included scientists and the public.
The topics of discussion were as follows: (1) the species created by natural selection or (2) the evolution of selected species in the contagion of survival. The heat of debate was still raging in 1871 when Darwin published a book entitled The Decline of Man and the Choice by Sex. This book, in which the idea that man evolved from ape-like creatures was presented, added fuel to the fire.
Darwin did not take part in these public debates on his ideas. One of the reasons for this was that Beagle had not been in good health since returning from a trip. The condition was caused by a small insect bite in South America. Proponents of her case have been working to make the actual transcript of this statement available online. In the case of H. Huxley, at one time the majority of leading scientists believed in the correctness of Darwin’s theories.
Darwin was not the founder of the theory of the evolution of species. Some friends had made this assumption earlier. Among them were French physicist Jean Lemarck and Charles’ grandfather, Erasmus Darwin. But these assumptions have never been accepted in the scientific world because their proponents have never been able to provide a satisfactory explanation of the circumstances under which evolution took place.
Darwin’s achievement was, in fact, that he not only presented the whole system of natural selection through which evolution took place, but also provided a great deal of evidence in support of his hypothesis.
It must be borne in mind that Darwin formed his theory using genetics, or so to speak, without any knowledge of it. In Darwin’s time, no one knew what strange ways Special traits are passed from one generation to another.
However, in the same years that Darwin was writing and publishing his tumultuous books, Gregor Mendel began working on the laws of inheritance. Could At that time, Darwin’s ideas were all over the place. Our modern knowledge of evolution, which links the natural stages of inheritance to the process of natural selection, is far more complete than Darwin’s proposed theory.
Darwin’s influence on human thought is profound. From a purely scientific point of view, it revolutionized the science of biology. Natural selection is a universal principle. Efforts have been made to apply this principle to other fields such as archeology, sociology, politics and economics.
More important than its scientific and sociological implications, however, are the effects that Darwin’s theories recorded on religious thought.
In Darwin’s time and for many years thereafter, most orthodox Christians believed that the acceptance of Darwin’s ideas meant the desecration of religious beliefs. Their fears were probably justified, although it is clear that a number of other factors contributed to the general decline of religious fervor. (Darwin became selfish).
Even on a secular level, Darwin’s ideas brought about great changes in the human view of the world.
Mankind was one of the many species in the natural system of things as a whole. We must not ignore the possibility that one day some species may overtake us. As a result of Darwin’s writings, Heraclitus’ assertion that nothing is final except change has gained general acceptance. The success of the theory of evolution as a general explanation of the origin of man has strengthened this belief. Does science have the ability to answer all natural questions (but unfortunately not all human problems)?
Darwin’s terms, such as Struggle for Survival and Survival for the Best, became part of our general vocabulary.
Obviously, even if Darwin had not been born, these ideas would still have come into being. In fact, Velas’s example is a fact that makes Darwin more truthful than any other great figure. In any case, it was Darwin’s writings that revolutionized biology and archeology, and changed man’s place in the world.