The Holy Quran 9th class Islamiat short question-answer An outstanding facility for 9th class students preparing for short questions Islamiat 9th class chapter 1 of Mardan (KPK).
The Holy Quran Chapter 1 Islamiat 9 class Notes
Q.1) Give a brief introduction of the Holy Quran.
INTRODUCTION OF HOLY QURAN:
Almighty Allah is the Creator of the universe. Man is part of this universe. Allah created man Is the most eminent of all the created beings. He created not only material resources to meet man’s physical and instinctive needs, but also made provisions for guidance and soul. He blessed mankind with a conscience to differentiate between good and evil. Moreover, Almighty Allah sent His Messengers and revealed to them the Holy Books and Scripture for the complete guidance of mankind. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) is the last Prophet of Allah. Allah revealed to the Holy Quran. Being the last book of Allah, the Holy Quran is a permanent source of guidance for all mankind. The Book also testifies all the previous Divine Scriptures and Books:
Almighty Allah had also sent His Prophets for the guidance of previous generations and revealed His Books to some of them. However, the teachings of those Prophets and the Books revealed to them have not been with preserved their original text. In the Holy Quran Allah says:
“And to Thee We revealed the Book with the truth, confirming the Scripture that came before it, and this (the Holy Quran) is watcher over it.”
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In this verse of the Holy Quran, Allah has used the word “Muhaiman” (that which guards or watches) for the Holy Quran. This expression means that the contents of the previous books which could not be preserved have now been preserved in Holy Quran. That is why the teaching of the Holy Quran are trustworthy and can be followed with entire satisfaction in all the ages to come.
The Holy Quran provides guidance in regard to all the aspects of human life. It describes the reality of lifes, the good and evil, the lawful and unlawful, the righteousness and unrighteousness, moral teachings and all other aspects of life. The Holy Quran also provides detailed information about the life in the Hereafter and discusses its importance very effectively. The Holy Quran imparts basic teachings about man’s individual and collective life, his rights and duties in society and his economic matters. It also educates man comprehensively in the fields of politics and international affairs and morality. In short the Holy Quran is the treasure of information and guidance covering all the aspects of human life. It elaborately explains all the things which a common man must know and there is no other source for him to get the required knowledge.
Q.2) How has the Holy Quran been preserved?
The Holy Quran has been revealed by Almighty Allah and He Himself took the responsibility to safeguard it. In the Holy Quran He says:
“Without doubt we have sent down the Message and without doubt we will guard it.”
We see that Allah carried out His promise so perfectly that not even a single word, letter or a vowel point of the Holy Quran has so far been changed.
The Holy Quran with its complete text was not revealed at one and the same time. Rather it was revealed little by little. It took about twenty-three years for this Divine Book to be completed. Whenever some Quranic verses were revealed, The Holy Prophet (PBUH) sent for scribe and dictated the revelation to him. The Holy Prophet (PBUH) also gave him the instructions as to where the new verses were to be concluded, i.e. in which Surah and before or after which verses they were to be included. The passage of the revelation was placed at a fixed place in Masid-e-Nabvi. The companions of Holy Prophet (PBUH) copied the verses of the revelation and learnt it by heart. They recited the verses in their everyday five prayers and tried to comprehend and practice them. Thus whenever a part of the Holy Quran was revealed, it was recorded and learnt by heart by the companions of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). This practice was carried out by the men and the women.
It was during the pious life of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that most of his wives, the members of his family, and the male and female companions (ra) of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had learnt the complete text of the Holy Quran by heart. A number of venerable companions (as) of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) had also prepared the copies of the Holy Quran.
After the Holy Prophet (PBUH) passed away, Hazrat Abu Bakr Saddique (ra) preserved all the parts of the Holy Quran together in the order prescribed by Holy Prophet (PBUH). The verses of the Holy Quran were arranged in the same order and the Surahs were given the same same as were prescribed by the Holy Prophet (PBUH) under the command of Almighty Allah. Hazrat Usman, during the period of this Caliphate, prepared several copies of the Holy Quran, arranged accordingly and sent one copy to each of the Prophet provincial capital cities.
Q.3) Write a note on the distinct characteristics of the Holy Quran.
CHARACTERISTICS OF HOLY QURAN:
- In the Holy Quran whatever is stated is based on definite knowledge and reality.
- There is no doubt in the truth of its contents.
- It provides complete guidance to human beings of all times and regions.
- The success of mankind in this world and in the Hereafter depends on what extend he practices the teachings of the Holy Quran. That is why this book excels in providing true guidance to everyone.
- As this Divine work is better than all works of literature, similarly a person who has learned the Holy Quran and teaches it to others is better than all others who have not learned it.
- The Holy Prophet (PBUH) said:
- “The best amongst you is the one who learned the Holy Quran and teaches it to others.”
- The recitation of the Holy Quran is an act of great virtue. Allah gives the reward equal to ten virtues for the recitation of each letter of the Holy Quran.
- One who practices the Quranic teachings, Allah exalts him in this world and in the Hereafter.
- Those who refuse to acknowledge it are disgraced.
- The history of mankind bears witness that as long as the Muslims acted upon the teaching of the Holy Quran, they were predominant in the world.
- On the other hand, when they became careless about the principles of Islam, they lost their eminence.
- The Holy Prophet (PBUH) once told to the followers that Almighty Allah would make many nations eminent due to acting upon the teachings of the Holy Quran and bring many nations to disgrace due to their being careless about the principles of Islam.