important essay for ba English 2021 4th Years BS English Essay all Pakistani boards, and University, KPK, Punjab, Sindh, and fbise.
Coeducation in English essay Coeducation, as the word expresses, means the education of boys and girls commonly in schools and colleges.
Meaning of Co-education
Co-education means the education of boys and girls in the same schools, colleges or Universities. This is a modern concept and it has made a remarkable. rapid progress. It was first introduced in Switzerland, but now it has become popular almost in all Europe and America. The Eastern countries are also adopting this system gradually. In our country, opinions sharply differ on the issue of co-education in colleges.
Arguments in Favour of Co-education
The supporters of Co-education favour it namely on two grounds. One economical and other sociological. In the first place, they say that co-education is an economic measure in a poor country like Pakistan. It is not possible to maintain separate colleges for boys and girls. Especially the vocational colleges. A lot of money is required to equip the libraries, laboratories and workshops.
In the second place, the social contacts between the members of the two sexes are useful in many respects. The supporters of co-education say that if boys and girls are educated together, they will develop in them a sort of mutual understanding. This understanding will be helpful in their future life as men and women. They believe that Co-education makes boys less coarse and girls less morbid. The boys become civilized and polite and the girls get rid of their shyness. Moreover, it creates a spirit of competition in studies. Both try their hard to outdo each other.
Arguments against Co-education
The arguments of the supporters are weighty but those who are against them are weightier. Demerits of this system make its success in this country doubtful. The opponents of co-education argue that in a hot country like Pakistan, this system is impracticable.
Here boys and girls become young at an early age. Youth is blind and there is every possibility that they may fall a victim to their emotions. Then every one of us knows that ends and aims of education for the two sexes are quite different. Their demands in education are different from each other and therefore it is false economy to teach them in the same institution. Again in Pakistan, colleges are very few and they are overcrowded. Co-education can prove economical only in
such cases where the number of students in the college is very small. Moreover, we must remember that Islam disallows the free mixing of boys and girls. It is for these reasons, the opponents of Co-education think that the system is not fit for our country.
To conclude we may say that Co-education is above objection in professional colleges where the ultimate goal of all the students is the same. But in art and science colleges where the two sexes are prepared for the normal routine of life, Co-education is unnecessary.
Essay On NEWSPAPERS
The latest News
Newspapers have many uses. They give the latest news to the people about the political affairs of the country. They describe in detail the policies of the Government. They describe the activities of different political parties and leaders. They publish the speeches and activities of political leaders. Thus they tell us every day about the political conditions of our country.
Newspapers give us useful information about the economic affairs of the country. They tell us about the process of different things, about food production industrial production etc. We easily learn about the economic progress of our country by reading a newspaper every day. Newspapers tell us what is happening in other fields of national life, for example, education, religion, trade etc.
They show us the picture of the whole society. Newspapers publish news about other countries. They inform us what is happening in those countries in the political, economic and other fields. They publish the speeches and statements of the leaders of foreign countries. We can learn about important events taking place in the world by reading a newspaper. Thus we learn about wars, revolutions earthquakes, floods, etc. in different parts of the world, we learn about the work the UNO is doing about them.
Medium of Entertainment
Newspapers are also a good medium of entertainment They tell us a lot about films. They tell us about funny and interesting things happening in society every now and then. We can pass our time very well while reading a newspaper.
Newspapers should not Mislead the People
Newspapers should try to give a true picture of society to the people. They should never try to mislead them. In fact, newspapers should be impartial in as perfect a way as possible. They should favour neither any person nor any party. They should criticize all those persons who do evil and harm to society, however, powerful they may be.
In advanced democratic countries, only that newspapers can succeed which is independent in its views. It publishes its material without fear or favour. Of course, the Press can work independently only when the public knows democratic principles and desires to act on them. So there is a need to educate and inform the public about the meaning and benefits of real democracy.
Newspapers and magazines play a central role in a nation’s life. They inform the people about facts and open their eyes to realities.
THE FUTURE OF ENGLISH IN PAKISTAN Essay
Arguments to Expel English
There has been a great fuss in recent years about replacing English with the national language. Some of our educationists have been advocating immediate steps to expel English from this country. They offer four reasons in support of their view. First, they say that no nation can achieve the highest creative in a foreign language.
They mean to say that no creative work is possible except in the mother tongue. Secondly, translation of the latest scientific books can enrich Urdu. Hence no need for English. Thirdly, English is doing harm to the cause of the national language. Lastly, much of the time of our students is wasted in learning English.
Criticism of arguments against English
The arguments against English are not based on deep thought and can be refused. First, history does not support the view that creative work in a foreign language is not possible. Sir Isaac Newton’s great book ‘Principal’ was written in Latin and not in his mother tongue English. Many creative works of high quality were written by the Persians, the Turks, the Central Asians, not in their mother tongue but in Arabic.
Farab, Al Beruni, Bu Ali Seina, Ghazzali. Nasiruddin Tusi and Shah. Waliullah were non-Arabs but wrote their masterpieces in Arabic. Allama Iqbal delivered his famous lectures in English.
Secondly, real knowledge cannot be gained through translations. Translators stand between the students and the author and the accuracy of the concept. The advanced students are denied access to the original source. Then, knowledge is growing at a tremendous pace from volume to volume.
By the time, a publication is translated at least half a dozen books on the subject will have appeared. All our time and money will be wasted on translations. Thirdly English has never done any harm to the national languages.
The best creative and valuable work in our national or regional languages has been done by those who were masters of English. As such our vernacular language are indebted to those who have command over the English language. Lastly, it is our urgent need to be thoroughly conversant with one advanced foreign language, be it Russian, German, French or English.
The study of at least one foreign language is compulsory even in advanced countries If we abolish English and try to learn another language, it will waste more time. We have to background books and teachers in English.
Importance of English
We may not like English on the sentimental ground but there are many reasons to retain English in our society till our own languages are rich. English is an international language and we need it at every step. It is a gate to the acquisition of knowledge in science and technology.
Moreover, English has its roots deep in our society. It cannot be done away with so soon. English has been the official language for more than two centuries in our country.
It is still used by the executive and the judiciary throughout the country. In many universities, it is used as the medium of instruction in cities as well as in towns, lawyers, doctors, teachers and other educated persons employ this language for communication of ideas. “It remains the language of our educated classes. As a matter of fact, it has helped in shaping the minds, outlooks and opinions of our people.
Attachment of English
Our intelligentsia has a deep attachment to English. The importance of national language cannot be denied, but who is going to give these languages the place they deserve. Those who can enrich these languages do not come forward. Our educationists and writers remained busy raising slogans for the national language. They could not produce something creative and valuable during the last 50 years. As long as the educated class is under the influence of English the National language cannot take the place of English. i.e for many more years to come.
KNOWLEDGE IS POWER Essay
essay on knowledge is power in 500 to 100 words forbs, BSc, and ba all Students.
knowledge Gives power
Physically man is weaker than animals. He has no natural weapons of defence. Yet we see that he is the master of all. He can overpower the strong and savage beasts. He has been able to gain a central position on earth. It is all through his knowledge and intelligence. Knowledge is the understanding of all religious, mental, moral and physical, and the principles which regulate dial them. It gives a man power over other things.
The man was a helpless being when he was sent to this earth. He discovered fire, learnt its use and acquired power. His knowledge of physical science went on increasing During the course of time he got mastery over the various forces of Nature. He has invented the telegraph, the telephone, steam engines, railways, aeroplanes, rockets and space ships. Machines work for him.
Atomic energy and electricity are his maid-servants. He can fly in the skies and go deep into the oceans. Through the power of scientific research, he has conquered the moon. It is all through knowledge.
Knowledge of Self
The knowledge of the self and other is also a great power. It is the greatest and the most valuable and powerful of all the branches of knowledge. It assists us to understand and reading correctly the excellence and defects of the human mind. It helps us to know our own merits. This consciousness of power urges us the performance of miracles. By self-knowledge, we become alive to our own defects and limitations.
This knowledge will stimulate us to correct our shortcomings. It broadens our outlook and enables us to solve our problems. True power is the power over the minds of others. It is the power not of might or violence but it is the power of truth and love. knowledge of others is of immense benefit in our practical life. If we know accurately the wishes, sentiments, virtues and vices of others we can easily lord over them. All great leaders of men are gifted with a remarkable knowledge of human nature.
Men of knowledge are the leaders
Educated persons are the springs of useful ideas and improvements The educated minority will certainly guide and lead the un-educated majority for all times to come. It has been observed in all countries that men of knowledge are the leaders of every great movement.
Man’s art and literature, his philosophy and science, his music, his laws and institutions all reveal the power of knowledge. Our admiration of artists, writers, speakers, musicians, philosophers and scientists is a tribute to this power.
Knowledge a Source of wealth and fame
knowledge is of immense help to us in the acquisition of wealth, rank and fame. It, is, therefore, a hundred times super to gold. It confers power on us in every walk of life, matures our wisdom. It makes us around better, happier and more useful. It makes us energetic efficient, and resourceful to a greater degree in the pursuit of all the high ideals of life.
The superiority of one nation over another is also to its superiority in knowledge. “A king is honoured in his country, but a learned man is honoured everywhere.” This is the power of knowledge.
WOMAN’S PLACE IN OUR SOCIETY BS ESSAY
In the near past, women were considered inferior to men. They were debarred from taking part in social life. Their sphere of activities was limited to domestic (41) work. Up to the 19th century, it was believed that women were the servants of the homes of their husbands. In those days, women were not allowed to take part in politics and social life and administration.
Rousseau, the French philosopher, who was never married, once said: “The dignity of woman consists in being unknown to the world, her glory is the esteem of her husband; her pleasure the happiness of her family. But time created new situations and the old outlook underwent a change.
The part played by Women in Present Age
Quite recently, women have come to take a more and more prominent part in many spheres of life. In some respects, they have excelled men. In sports, intellectual and artistic pursuits, in office and industry. they have set a new record of honesty and efficiency.
They have succeeded marvellously as teachers and nurses. Goldsmith, the famous poet and writer made a complaint two centuries ago: “Women famed for their velour, their skills in politics or their learning have left the duties of their own sex, in order to invade the privilege of ours. “This is what the women are doing today.
There is practically no field where women are not competing with men. In business, trade, industry, in the learned profession in politics, administration, scientific research, literary and artistic activities. Eve is making herself feel everywhere. They are police and military officers. They are working as salesgirls, as air hostesses and as clerks and steno-typists.
They are turning out men from the field personal secretaries, As the days pass, we have to get more and more used to the idea of seeing women working side by side of men, in riding, driving, flying, playing, even fighting, Even in Pakistan, we have women athletes, writers, leaders, administrators.
They are fast discarding purdah and taking part in outdoor life. Law has given women status equal to that of men. In nearly every democratic country, women have the right to vote. They are claiming better rights to property.
Women should not take part in Public Life
Many thinkers including most Muslims, do not like the idea of women taking an active part in public life and in the profession. They argue that biologically. women’s functions are different from men’s. She has to be a mother, women are not suitable for every job. They are too delicate to perform arduous duties of life. The real greatness of a woman lies in her role as a mother. It is rightly said, “the hand that rocks the cradle” rules the world. The mother who can bring up the right sort of children is really a great benefactor of society.
Islamic society gives a very respectable position to women. The Holy Prophet has said, “Verily the paradise lies under the feet of your mother”. It is a mother that can best serve the nation.
But it is clear that women will not return to their homes. The modern woman argues that she can be a good mother and at the same time, a good doctor or writer or administrator. As Susan. B. Anthony, a famous woman worker says, “Modern invention have banished the spinning wheel and the same law of progress makes the woman of today a different woman from her grandmother.\
STUDENTS AND POLITICS Essay
All Over the world, students try to poke their nose into politics. In Pakistan and India, student politics is a big problem. It causes many headaches for the leaders and the Government of the country. The root cause of students’ participation in politics lies in the historical background of our struggle for freedom. Now the question is whether students should take part in politics or not The issue is controversial some are in favour of students’ participation in politics and some are against it. Let us examine their arguments.
Arguments to Take Part in Politics
Those who hold that students should take part in politics have four arguments to offer. First, students of today are the citizens of tomorrow. It is necessary that they should get more training in active politics along with their studies. This would make their education realistic and practical. They would learn to shoulder the responsibilities of life in future. Secondly, students are the citizens of their country. They have a duty and a right to see that the country is governed well. This is not possible without taking part in politics. Thirdly, students belong to no party and their approach to politics will be impartial.
They can speak freely against the corrupt government and selfish Politicians. Lastly, young blood in politics invigorates it. Elderly people are cool-minded, youngmen are enthusiastic. Radical changes need daring steps, courage and zeal. If politics is left to the old, it suffers from inertia and stagnation.
Arguments against Student’s Indulgence
Those who are against students’ indulgence ( in politics have three arguments to support their view. First, politics is a serious and exciting occupation. The pursuit of study and politics are two different things. If students get involved in politics, their studies are ignored and their careers ruined In this way, they cause a great national loss. They fail to come up to the expectations of their parents. Secondly. politics in the modern world is a hard job. It requires experience. Wisdom, tolerance and patience.
Students being young lack these qualities. They are not fully mature No doubt, they are nation builders, but they should not start this nation-building at such an early stage. Thirdly, students are young and rash. They can be very easily exploited by experienced politicians. They are easily swept off by the tide of catchy slogans raised by the politicians. In this way, they help politicians in exploiting the masses.
Both views are too extreme. Students participation bears good to society but there is the danger of their falling victims to fortune seekers. In our country, the common man is illiterate (fib) or busy earning his bread. Students are the only sections that can represent him but it should have some limits. They should study politics, discuss matters and express their views freely. But they should avoid practical polities unless it is very necessary. They should prepare themselves for the future. In this way, they can play their role in politics without any risk to their studies and career.
Article Source: classic notes pdf